Punjab State Board PSEB 9th Class Physical Education Book Solutions Chapter 2 Qualities of Sports and Sportsmanship Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
PSEB Solutions for Class 9 Physical Education Chapter 2 Qualities of Sports and Sportsmanship
Very Short Answer Type Question
Write any two advantages of Sports.
Make a person physically fit and mantly sound.
Write about the behaviour of sportsman. Write two lines.
Accept defeat with honour and dignity everybody considers equals.
Mention any two qualities of a sportsperson.
Defeat and victory are equal. What it is called?
Qualities of players.
How the quality of order and abide by comet.
To participate in game.
The quality of self confidence and responsibility. What an able a person.
Short Answer Type Questions
Write two qualities of sportsman.
- Spirit of Discipline
- Spirit of sacrifice.
Describe two values of sports.
- Sound health
- Good citizenship
- Full control over emotions.
What do you understand by “sportsmanship”?
‘Sportsmanship’ and ‘sportsman’ are important words related to games. Sportsmanship is the spirit with which a sportsman takes part in a game from beginning to the end. Sportsmanship is the collection of those qualities that are essential for a sportsman. For example it is essential for a player to be healthy, lively, disciplined, co-operative, active and obedient to the captain of his team.
What system of behaviour is accepted by a sportsman?
System of behaviour for a sportsman accepted internationally by sportsmen has following features:
- The decisions of the authorities are accepted to be correct and final.
- The rules of the games are in fact the consensus of good people.
- The greatest assurance is the best and clean performance of the teams.
- Accept defeat with grace.
- Treat victory in a natural way.
- Acknowledging others virtues gives you respect.
- Finding excuses for defeat or bad performance is not good.
- A nation or team is respected according to behaviour.
- Teams coming from outside should be respected.
- Treat all teams equal.
How can the audience become good sportsmen?
Following qualities are essential for the audience to become good sportsmen:
- They should not obstruct the appreciation of good performance of the players.
- If the decision goes against their wishes, they should not say anything against the Judge.
- If the team supported by them is weak, they should not expect to win because only that team can win which has the qualities of good sportsmanship and strength.
- They should not quarrel with other spectators simply for supporting the other team.
- If the team they are supporting faces defeat they should not indulge in bad behaviour such as throwing filth in the ground or trying to stop the game so that it may end without any decision.
Long Answer Type Questions
Describe the Values of Sports.
Values of Sports:
Sports have attraction for man due to their values.Following are the reasons for the emphasis being given on sports:
1. Sound Health:
Health is invaluable. A sound mind lives in a sound body. Tiredness, idleness remain away from a healthy man.
All the parts of one’s body are activated by jumping, running and other activities related to sports. All the vital parts of body like heart, lungs etc. start functioning well. Thus sports make one active and smart.
2. Sound Body:
Games and Sports develop sound body. Different sports provide strength to different parts of the body. Sports help in increasing height. The co-ordination of muscles and nerves makes a man look attractive.
3. Full Control over Emotions:
For a balanced and successful life full control over emotions is necessary. If the emotions are not controlled the emotions like anger, sadness and pride may destroy man’s personality. Sports keep human mind free from everyday worries, keep him happy and provide control over emotions.
4. Development of Sound Reason:
Man has to face many problems in life. Sound reasoning is needed to face these problems. Sports help in the development of sound reason. During the game a sportsman has to face different problems and situations. He has to take quick decisions and find quick solutions. Delay in such cases may turn the whole situation upside down. One learns to solve one’s problems. This develops sound reason.
5. Development of Character:
A man of character is respected every where. He does not come under the influence of temptations. Sometimes players are offered pecuniary rewards for victory or defeat. But a good player avoids this. If a sportsman indulges in such activities that prove disloyal to his team he is disliked and becomes hatable in the eyes of his fellow sportmen and the audience. No player tries to play foul in front of the public and in the presence of referees. All these things develop qualities of good character.
6. Development of strong Will-Power:
Sports strengthen will power. It enables the sportsman to work with concentration and acheive new heights of glory. Sportsman tries to achieve success and he tries hard for it. This becomes his habit to work with single minded devotion for success in life also. In this way sports develop strong will-power.
7. Development of the feeling of Brotherhood:
Sports help in the development of brotherhood. Sportsmen play in groups and it makes him behave properly according to the expectations of the group. He has to give up those habits that do not correspond with the expectations of the group. Apart from this playing in a group
has an impact on each other. This develops a feeling of love and brotherhood among the members of the group. This moulds their nature according to the group and they command respect in life.
Sports provide an opportunity to the player to express their views without inhibitions. In the playground the players demonstrate their feats and personal qualities in front of the spectators. The expression of these qualities is possible in the playground only.
A good leader in sports develops into a good leader in life also. A good leader brings good name to his nation. On the other hand a bad leader endangers the interests of his country. We get disciplined, controlled, self-sacrificing, co-operative soldiers and good officers who sacrifice everything for the country. Therefore the Duke of Wellington, after Napolean’s defeat in the battle of Waterloo, said, “The battle of Waterloo was won at the playing-fields of Eton and Harrow.”
10. Proper Use of Leisure Time:
After day’s work one has ample free time. It becomes a problem to make the proper use of this spare time. If we do not make proper use of this time naturally we indulge in mischief. An idle mind is devil’s workshop. Sports and games help us in making the proper use of this free time. Sports not only help in spending free time usefully but also develop good health.
11. Spirit of Competition and Co-operation:
Competition is the basis of progress and co-operation is the means to great achievements. Every man has the feelings of competition and co-operation. The development of these feelings bring progress in society and take a country to the road to progress. Sports develop these feelings. A great competition takes place in the games of hockey, cricket, football etc. The teams try hard to win the match. The co¬operation of all the players is required to win the match. The efforts of only a single player cannot win the game. In order to develop the feeling of competition and co-operation, games have an important role to play.
12. Free from Casteism and Development of International Understanding:
Games and sports free us from the differences of casteism that cause a great hurdle in the progress of a country. The players belonging to different castes are there in every team. Their living together and making joint efforts to win the game abolish the differences based on casteism. In international competitions the players of different countries participate and have an active interaction with one another. A feeling of friendship develops and it paves way for international co-operation.
13. Spirit of Discipline:
The players remain in discipline and do there duty in the playground. We can say that a man or a player remaining in discipline in the playground develops a habit of discipline in life also.
Games and sports develop a feeling of tolerance in players. We exchange our views with others. A feeling of co-operation and tolerance develops in us.
15. Good Citizenship:
Sports develop the qualities of a good citizen in the players. The players live in discipline, abide by the rules of the games and co-operate with other players. This makes them develop into good citizens.
In short we can say that sports develop the feelings of co-operation brotherhood, good leadership, equality etc. They help us in becoming good citizens.
What do you understand by ‘Sportsmanship’? What should be the qualities of a good sportsman?
Meaning of Sportsmanship:
Many of the words from English language have been adopted by Indian languages. ‘Sportsmanship and ‘sportsman’ are important words related to games. Sportsmanship is the spirit with which a sportsman takes part in a game from beginning to the end. Sportsmanship is the collection of those qualities that are essential for a sportsman. For example it is essential for a player to be healthy, lively, disciplined, co-operative, active and obedient to the captain of his team. The collection of these qualities is known as sportsmanship.
Qualities of a Sportsman:
1. Spirit of Discipline:
The greatest quality of a sportsman is to remain in discipline and abide by the rules of the game. A person having this quality can be called a good sportsman.
One of the important qualities of sportsmanship is tolerance. One faces different situations in games. Victory enthralls and defeat disappoints. But a good sportsman is that who encourages the defeated team and accepts his own defeat with a smiling face and congratulates the victorious team.
3.Spirit of Co-operation:
The spirit of co-operation is the third major quality of sportsman. This feeling keeps the players together and makes them work hard to win the game. A good sportsman co-operates with players, captain, coach, the referee and even the players of the opposite team.
4. No Difference between Victory and Defeat:
Every sportsman tries to win the game and makes every possible effet to achieve success. He can be called a good sportsman if he plays not only to win the game but only to demonstrate a good game. If he wins he should not make fun of the defeated team. In case of defeat he should not be disappointed. A good sportsman treats the defeated players not as inferiors rather he considers them his equals.
5.Ability of Obedience and Order:
A good sportsman should have the ability to obey the commands and in certain cases issue commands. In some cases players lose self-control and disobey their captain. They are not true sportsmen.
6.Spirit of Sacrifice:
The aim of a sportsman is to achieve success for his team. He does not play for his self-interest. It is another quality of a sportsman. A player gives the credit of success to his school, college, state and country.
7. Spirit of Brotherhood:
A good sportsman does not give importance to the differences on the basis of caste, creed, religion, language, region etc. He treats all the players in the same way.
8. Spirit of Competition:
Spirit of competition is essential in a good sportsman. This spirit makes him work hard. In fact the key to progress is the spirit of competition. But this spirit of competition should be free from prejudice and maliee.
9. Spirit of Punctuality:
Sportsman respect the sense of punctuality and make maximum use of each and every opportunity. Every record in a game is valuable. A minor negligence may turn victory into defeat.
10. Spirit of being Active and Alert: A sportsman always remains active and smart. He does not lose any opportunity.
11. Spirit of Self-Confidence:
Without self-confidence nobody can play a game well. Every player has self-confidence and faith in his ability. The self- confidence of the Japanese won them maximum medals in 1974 Asian Games. In 1978 they again got the first position. In the same way they won in 1982 Asian Games held in Delhi.
12. Spirit of Responsibility: The sense of responsibility is a must for a sportsman. He should not behave in an irresponsible way. A minor irresponsible act on his part may bring defeat.
13. Knowledge of New Rules:
A sportsman should be aware of the latest rules of games and sports. Every year new rules and regulations are framed. A sportsman should be aware of them.In short, we can say that sportsmanship is not a single unit rather a collection of good elements and a sportsman should have the qualities of discipline, tolerance, self confidence, self-sacrifice and co-operation.