PSEB 12th Class General English Book Solutions A Rainbow of English | PSEB 12th Class English Guide

Punjab State Board Syllabus A Rainbow of English 12 Class PSEB Solutions Pdf, General English Class 12 PSEB Solutions, English Guide for Class 12 PSEB Pdf Free Download is part of PSEB Solutions for Class 12.

A Rainbow of English 12 Class Solutions PSEB | General English Class 12 PSEB Solutions

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A Rainbow of English 12 Class Solutions PSEB Poetry

General English Class 12 PSEB Solutions Supplementary Reading

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar & Composition

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar

PSEB 12th Class English Composition

General English Class 12 PSEB Syllabus

Class – XII
General English
(2021-22)

Time: 3hrs

Theory: 80 Marks
IA: 20 Marks
(Listening and Speaking skills-based practical: 18 marks and Book bank: 2 marks)
Total: 100 Marks

Syllabus

Unseen Passages For Testing Reading Skills
Text Book

Section A (Lessons for Intensive Study)

1. Hassan’s Attendance Problem – Sudha Murthy
2. The March King – Katherine Little Bakeless
3. Thinking Out of the Box: Lateral Thinking – Adapted from the article from the Internet
4. On Saying ‘Please’ – A. G. Gardiner
5. The Story of My Life – Helen Keller
6. Two Gentlemen of Verona – A. J. Cronin
7. In Celebration of Being Alive – Dr. Christian Barnard
8. Gadari Babas in Kalapani Jail – Dr. Harish Puri

Section B (Poetry)

1. Prayer of the Woods – Anonymous
2. On Friendship – Khalil Gibran
3. The Echoing Green – William Blake
4. Once upon a Time – Gabriel Okara
5. Father Returning home – Dilip Chitre
6. The Road Not Taken – Robert Frost
7. On His Blindness – John Milton

Section C (Lessons for Extensive Study)

1. The School for Sympathy – E. V. Lucas
2. A Chamelon – Anton Chekhov
3. Bholi – K.A. Abbas
4. The Gold Frame – R.K. Luxman
5. The Barber’s Trade Union – Mulk Raj Anand
6. The Bull beneath the Earth – K.S. Virk

Grammar, Composition & Translation

Grammar

1. Determiners
2. Use of Non-finites (Infinitives, Gerunds, Participles)
3. Transformation of Sentences
4. Voice
5. Narration

Composition

1. Precis writing
2. Letter writing (Official/Business/To Editors)
3. Applications
4. Explaining Newspaper Headlines
5. E-Mail writing

Translation from English to Hindi/Punjabi and Translation from Hindi/ Punjabi to English.

From Chapter 18 The Art of Translation given in the book English Grammar And Composition for XI and XII

Note: Following two lessons & one poem has been deleted from the syllabus from the academic session 2020-21 onwards.

  • Robots and People – Isaac Asimov
  • On Giving Advice – Joseph Addison
  • Cheerfulness Taught by Reason – Elizabeth Barret Browning

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation

Punjab State Board PSEB 12th Class English Book Solutions English Grammar Translation Exercise Questions and Answers, Notes.

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 1

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 2
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 3
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 4
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 5
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 6
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 7
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 8

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation

Some Common Proverbs

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 9
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 10
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 11
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 12
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 13

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation

Exercise 1 (Solved)

Translate the following sentences into English:
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 14
Answer:
1. Every dog has his day.
2. He is completely a yes-man.
3. He has his own axe to grind.
4. No new taxes have been imposed upon us.
5. People (or subjects) have revolted against the king.

Exercise 2 (Solved)

Translate the following sentences into English:
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 15
Answer:
1. His poverty is an open secret.
2. He is at the root of this mischief.
3. My prosperity. is an eye-sore to him.
4. Ram and Sham are sworn enemies.
5. Where there is a will, there is a way.

Exercise 1 (For Practice)

Translate the following sentences into Hindi/Punjabi:
1. He works hard from dawn to dusk.
2. Most of our politicians are very corrupt.
3. Selfishness is the order of the day.
4. You must reduce your flab1.
5. Spoken English is gaining importance these days.
6. Spoken English does not mean repeating in the parrot-fashion some crammed sentences.
7. Those who speak English fluently get easily noticed by others.
8. He is the only bread-earner² of the family.
9. Shaleenta is a very good Kathak dancer.
10. He is working as an executive³ in a bank.
11. My colleague in my college is a very good singer.
12. I feel pleased to meet you.
13. What is the nature of your job?
Hints:
1. ਸੀਟਾਧਾ, ਮੋਟਾਪਾ 2. ਹੇਜ਼ੀ ਸਾਰੇ ਭਾਗ, ਰੋਜ਼ੀ ਕਮਾਉਣ ਵਾਲਾ, 3. ਜਿਵੇਕ, ਨਿਦੇਸ਼ਕ ।

Note : Some of the sentences are very easy. It should not be difficult for many of you to translate them in simple Hindi and Punjabi. Hereafter we shall give a few more exercises with meanings in Hindi and Punjabi for your convenience.

Exercise 2 (For Practice)

Translate the following sentences into Hindi/Punjabi:
1. Gandhiji is known for his successful efforts1 to liberate2 India.
2. The lady is very mean in money matters3.
3. She did not allow her husband to spend much on himself.
4. This story tells us about the greed of well-to-do4 people.
5. Guru Gobind Singh was a great son of India who led India to sublime5 heights of glory6.
6. Why is this enormous7 increase in population taking place ?
7. Drug-addiction8 is a major social evil of modern times.
8. Nations become great by self-confidence9.
9. Mankind has undoubtedly progressed since medieval10 times.
10. Vidyasagar was a very generous11 and charitable12 man.
Hints:
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 16

Exercise 3 (For Practice)

Translate the following sentences into Hindi/Punjabi:
1. Everyone knows the events1 of Buddha’s life.
2. Newton lived to a ripe age2 and earned a great renown3.
3. Books are a wonderful blessing4.
4. Ishwara Chandra realised that he must go to England in oder to complete his scientific education.
5. Guru Teg Bahadur was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind Sahib.
6. Science is an angel5 in peace but a devil6 in war.
7. Wars of today are more dreadful7 than those of yesterday.
8. He stumbled8 at every step.
9. Silence prevailed9 all round the hospital.
10. It has been raining continuously10 for three hours.
11. It has been drizzling11 for an hour.
Hints:
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 17

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation

Exercise 4 (For Practice)

Translate the following sentences into Hindi/Punjabi:
1. This story is a typical example1 of the storywriter’s work as a story.
2. He failed to find a man before whom he could express the feelings of his heart2.
3. He wants to share his grief3 with somebody.
4. This story points out4 the truth that poverty dehumanises5 a man.
5. I am bereft6 of money at this time.
6. I want to know your opinion about etiquette7.
7. The teacher punished the students for being noisy in the class.
8. Some shopkeepers fleeces8 their customers.
9. A spendthrift lacks balance and perspective9.
10. He was reluctant10 to take the examination.
Hints:
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 18

Exercise 5 (For Practice)

Translate the following sentences into Hindi/Punjabi :
1. I have lost the novel1 that you gave me.
2. She dressed in an elegant2 manner.
3. We eat so that we may live.
4. God’s will be done3.
5. Prevention is better than cure4.
6. A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush5.
7. He is on the wrong side of sixty6.
8. We should not look down upon7 the poor.
9. I am at a loss to know8 what to do.
Hints:
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 19

Exercise 6 (For Practice)

Translate the following sentences into Hindi/Punjabi:
1. Trees give shade for the benefit of others.
2. Machines have become the slaves1 of modern man.
3. A child should be trained to love the reading of books.
4. Politicians worship the rising sun2.
5. Our body is like a machine.
6. Newton was a very kind-hearted3 man.
7. He never lost his temper4.
8. One should never read anybody’s letter without permission.
9. Children explode crackers on Diwali.
10. The life of modern cities is tiresome5.
Hints:
PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Translation 20

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Use of Non-finites (Infinitives, Gerunds and Participles)

Punjab State Board PSEB 12th Class English Book Solutions English Grammar Use of Non-finites (Infinitives, Gerunds and Participles) Exercise Questions and Answers, Notes.

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Use of Non-finites (Infinitives, Gerunds and Participles)

We divide verbs into two types. One of the types of verb is the finite verb. A verb that changes its form according to person, tense, mood is called a Finite Verb.

Read the examples given below:
Neeru runs fast.
They run fast.
She is running fast.
We have run fast.

The verbs used in the above example are finite verbs because they change according to person, number and tense.

Now have a look at the sentences given below:

  1. She wants to be prosperous.
  2. They wanted to be famous. .
  3. You wanted to be rich and famous.
  4. She made me realise my mistake.

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Use of Non-finites (Infinitives, Gerunds and Participles)

The verbs be and realise in the above sentences do not change according to tense, number and person. Such verbs are called non-finite verbs.

Now read the following sentences:
Rashmi eats to live.
Reshma eats to live.
Rajan eats to live.
A girl eats to live.
These girls eat to live.
You eat to live.
They eat to live.

The verbs used in the above sentences/examples are finite verbs because they change according to person, number and tense.

In the above examples containing eat and to live, eat is governed by person, number and tense. So it is finite verb.

In all other sentences to live is not governed by person and tense. That is an infinite verb.

Three kinds of verbs are there in the infinite verb.

The Infinitive

1. In simple language infinitive means the use of to before the verb.
Examples : I want to go. I want to hit you.
I shall watch Rekha dance.
He made me leave the room.

There are some verbs before which we do not use to. These verbs are make, observe, bid, notice, make, feel, need, dare, see, hear.

2. I need to warn you.
Do you need to leave this place just now ?
He dares me to kill the mongoose ?
If need and dare are used as main verb, to has to be used after these verbs.

3. We do not use to before did, may, do, shall, might, can, could.
He could ride a car.
We shall laugh,
I might leave for Jalandhar.

4. There are some verbs which take an infinitive with the verb.
Promise, refuse, wish, want, dare, fail, decide, agree, hope, desire, expect, ready, glad, happy.
Sentences : I promise to help you. He refused to obey me. I wish to see you tonight.

We use infinitive after some adjectives:
Ready, glad, happy, eager, easy, anxious, hard, able etc.
I am ready to leave for Gurdaspur.
I am glad to see my friend.
I am happy to meet you.
I am eager to know the result on my examination.
It is easy to solve this problem.
I am anxious to see my father.
It is hard to solve this riddle.
He was able to get the job.

Forms of Infinitive

The Infinitive has two forms:

(i) Bare Infinitive
Or
Infinitive without to.
run, fight

(ii) to + Infinitive
to repair
to go

Use of To + Infinitive

We use to + infinitive in the following ways:
1. As a verb
(a) To walk is a good exercise
To smoke is very harmful.

(b) I want to learn French. (Object of the transitive verb want)
I know how to cook pasta. (Object)

(c) The best thing is to help yourself. (Complement to the linking verb is)
Her target was to become an actress. (Complement to the linking verb was)

It is easier to say than to do. (After the dummy subject ‘it’)

2. As an adverb to modify a verb or an adjective:

He went to see the Chairman. (modifies the verb went)
They stood up to protest. (modifies the verb stood)
She is anxious to resign. (modifies the adjective anxious)
He is hard to please. (modifies the adjective hard)

3. As an adjective to qualify a noun:
It is time to depart (qualifies the noun time)
We have nothing to offer. (qualifies nothing)

4. As an object complement or an object to a preposition.
He is about to retire.
We saw him run.
This shop is about to shut.
I felt something fall on my shoulder.

5. As an adjunct :
The captain was the last to abandon the ship.
Kindly give me some water to drink.

6. As part of too + adjective/adverb + infinitive.
He is too weak to walk.
He doesn’t have money enough to buy a flat.

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Use of Non-finites (Infinitives, Gerunds and Participles)

7. As an absolute to modify the whole sentence.
To be candid with you, you are unfit for the job.
To be brief, you have cheated all of us.

Use the Bare Infinitive

8. We do not use to (bare infinitive) before some verbs like watch, bid, see, let, make, help, hear, feel, behold etc.
I shall watch you write an apology.
I heard her sing.
Mummy helped her daughter do her homework.
The Chairman made me wait.
I like you to be with me.
Let me know the truth.

9. With had better, had rather.
You had better stay where you are.
You had rather patch up with your friend.

10. With some prepositions like except, but, than etc.
He does nothing but play.
I would rather give up.
He does nothing except crib.
I would rather die than beg.

11. Passive form of the infinitive (to + be + past participle)
Women like to be flattered by men.
It is an insult to be maltreated like that.

Exercise 1

Fill in the blanks using the verbs within brackets (with or without to):

1. He made me ………… (to laugh)
2. He is too weak ………… (to walk)
3- Raju let me ………… his car. (to drive)
4. He must ………… them from going, (to prevent)
5. You had better ………… (to go)
6. The mango is ………… (eat)
7. You are too young ………… (to understand)
8. There is nothing ………… (to say)
9. We watched them ………… (to work)
10. Let him ………… this work (to do)
Answer:
1. laugh
2. to walk
3. drive
4. prevent
5. go
6. to eat
7. to understand
8. to be said
9. work
10. do.

Exercise 2

Fill up the blanks with infinitive:

1. There is no one ………… this claim, (challenge)
2. He did not let me ………… my work in peace, (do)
3. He was sure ………… a scholarship, (get)
4. The teacher asked the students ………… silence, (maintain)
5. The doctor advised me ………… regular exercise, (to take)
6. They did nothing but ………… (to think)
7. You had rather ………… there, (to go)
8. Everyone wants ………… peacefully, (to live)
9. My father allowed me ………… (to go)
10. She expects ………… (to succeed)
Answer:
1. to challenge
2. do
3. to get
4. to maintain
5. to take
6. think
7. go
8. to live
9. to go
10. to succeed.

The Gerund

A gerund is that form of the verb which ends in V-ing and has the force of a noun. That is why a gerund is called a verbal noun.

Use of Gerund

1. As a Subject
Running is good for health.
Swimming is useful for reducing weight.
Seeing is believing
Reading makes a man complete.
Writing makes a man perfect.

2. As an object
She likes painting.
Rekha loves dancing.

3. As a complement to a Linking Verb
My first love is singing.
My favourite sport is swimming.

4. As an object of preposition
I am tired of sitting all day long.
I am fond of fishing.
He is addicted to gambling.

5. As part of a Noun Phrase
Watching snowfall is soothing to the eyes.
It is foolish catching fire.

Note : Addicted to, look forward to are followed by gerund -ing.
He is addicted to drinking.
He is looking forward to meeting his friend.

The Participle

A participle is that form of verb which partakes of the nature both of a verb and of an adjective.

Kinds of Participle

Participle is of two kinds:

Present Participle Past Participle
V1 + ing
go + ing V3 gone
eat + ing V3 eaten (eat, ate, eaten) V3
V1 is the first form of the verb. V3 is the third form of the verb.

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Use of Non-finites (Infinitives, Gerunds and Participles)

Use of Participle:

1. As an adjective :
I will buy a talking clock.
This house has no running water.

2. As an object complement:
I found the conditions soothing.
She found the baby weeping.

3. As an adverb :
She went away smiling.
The player left the ground abusing.
The girl stood whistling.

4. As part of an Adjective Phrase:
The lady doctor living on the ground floor is very charming.
The man managing the event is my uncle.

5. As a Participle Phrase :
Placing his hand on the Gita, he swore that he would speak the truth.
Taking her bag, the lady walked out of the Mall.

Difference between a Gerund and a Participle:
Throwing a grenade at the C.R.P.F. picket, the terrorist ran away. (Present Participle)
Throwing stones at other people’s houses is an anti-social act. (Gerund)
Swimming in the fast flowing water, Atul saved a drowning boy. (Present Participle)
Jogging is a good exercise. (Gerund)

Use of Past Participle:

1. As an Adjective:
The injured man was carried to the trauma centre.
He is a gone case.

2. As an Object Complement:
I found the door shut.
The murder of the leader left us shocked.

3. As an Adverb:
He left the gym totally exhausted.
Nervous, he kept on moving to and fro.

4. As part of a Participle Phrase:
I saw a dog crushed under a truck.
The landlady found her house burgled from the front and the back.

Exercise 1

Do as directed:

Question 1.
………… (hear) a noise, I turned round. (Fill up the blank with a participle)
Answer:
Hearing a noise, I turned round.

Question 2.
I saw a storm ………… (approach). (Fill up the blank with a participle)
Answer:
I saw a storm approaching.

Question 3.
(Hunt) deer is not allowed in this area. (Fill up the blank with a gerund)
Answer:
Hunting deer is not allowed in this area.

Question 4.
Children love ………… make mud houses. (Fill up the blank with a gerund)
Answer:
Children love making mud houses.

Question 5.
………… (toil) is the lot of mankind. (Fill up the blank with an infinitive)
Answer:
To toil or toiling is the lot of mankind.

Exercise 2

Do as directed:

Question 1.
Combine the following sentences using an infinitive:
(i) He went to Amritsar.
(ii) He wanted to visit the Golden Temple.
Answer:
He went to Amritsar to visit the Golden Temple.

Question 2.
Combine the following sentences using the participle:
(i) I speak the truth.
(ii) I am not afraid of speaking of it.
Answer:
I am not afraid of speaking the truth.

Question 3.
A ……….. candle fell off the table, (burn) (Fill up the blank with a participle)
Answer:
A burning candle fell off the table.

Question 4.
He left the tap (run). (Fill up the blank with a participle)
Answer:
He left the tap running.

Question 5.
Combine the following sentences using a participle :
He had resolved on a certain course.
He acted with vigour.
Answer:
Having resolved on a course, he acted with vigour.

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Use of Non-finites (Infinitives, Gerunds and Participles)

Question 6.
Combine the following sentences using a participle:
They had no fodder.
They could give the cow nothing to eat.
Answer:
Having no fodder, they could give the cow nothing to eat.

Question 7.
Success is not merely ………….. (win) applause. (Fill up the blank with a gerund)
Answer:
Success is not merely winning applause.

Question 8.
………….. (amass) wealth often ruins the health. (Fill up the blank with a gerund)
Answer:
Amassing wealth often ruins the health.

Exercise 3

Do as directed:

Question 1.
The ability …………. (laugh) is peculiar to mankind. (Fill the blank with an infinitive)
Answer:
The ability to laugh is peculiar to mankind.

Question 2.
Can you hope (count) the stars ? (Fill up the blank with an infinitive)
Answer:
Can you hope to count the stars ?

Question 3.
Combine the following sentences using a participle:
(i) I call a spade a spade.
(ii) I am not afraid of it.
Answer:
I am not afraid of calling a spade a spade.

Question 4.
The man seems …………. (worry) (Fill up the blank with a participle)
Answer:
The man seems worried.

Question 5.
We had a drink of the ………….. (sparkle) water. (Fill up the blank with a participle)
Answer:
We had a drink of the sparkling water.

6. Combine the following sentences using a participle:
(i) The stable door was open.
(ii) The horse was stolen.
Answer:
The stable door having been opened, the horse was stolen.

Question 7.
Combine the following sentences using a participle:
(i) We met a man.
(ii) He was carrying a log of wood.
Answer:
We met a man carrying a log of wood.

Question 8.
We were prevented from …………. (enter) the house. (Fill up the blank by using a gerund)
Answer:
We were prevented from entering the house.

Question 9.
We heard her …………… (sing) at the function. (Fill up the blank with a gerund)
Answer:
We heard her singing at the function.

Exercise 4 (Textual)

Do as directed:

Question 1.
He is slow, ……………. (forgive) (Fill up the blank with an infinitive)
Answer:
He is slow to forgive.

Question 2.
I am sorry …………… (hear) this. (Fill up the blank with an infinitive)
Answer:
I am sorry to hear this.

Question 3.
Combine the following sentences using an infinitive:
(i) He collects old stamps even at great expense.
(ii) It is his hobby.
Answer:
It is his hobby to collect old stamps even at great expense.

Question 4.
…………… (Run) water is not always fit for drinking. (Fill up the blank with a participle)
Answer:
Running water is not always fit for drinking.

Question 5.
………… (carry) by the wind, seeds are scattered far and wide. (Fill up the blank with a participle)
Answer:
Having been carried by the wind, seeds are scattered far and wide.

Question 6.
Combine the following sentences using a participle:
(i) He was dissatisfied.
(ii) He resigned his job.
Answer:
Having been dissatisfied, he resigned his job.

Question 7.
Combine the following sentences using a participle :
(i) We met a girl.
(ii) She was carrying a basket of flowers.
Answer:
We met a girl carrying a basket of flowers.

Question 8.
He is fond of ……….. (swim) (Fill up the blank with a gerund)
Answer:
He is fond of swimming.

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Use of Non-finites (Infinitives, Gerunds and Participles)

Question 9.
Are you afraid of his …………… (hear) you ? (Fill up the blank with a gerund)
Answer:
Are you afraid of his hearing you ?

Question 10.
I have come ……………. (see) you. (Fill up the blank with an infinitive)
Answer:
I have come to see you.

Exercise 5 (Textual)

Question 1.
Combine the following sentences using an infinitive:
(i) He has five children.
(ii) He must provide for them.
Answer:
He must provide for them.

Question 2.
He has five children to provide for.
(i) He wants to earn his livelihood.
(ii) He works hard for this reason.
Answer:
He works hard to earn his livelihood.

Question 3.
(i) I saw him (enter) the house. (Fill up the blank with a participle.)
Answer:
I saw him entering the house.

Question 4.
He played a …………. (lose) game. (Fill up the blank with a participle)
Answer:
He played a losing game.

Question 5.
Combine the following sentences using a participle:
(i) He staggered back.
(it) He sank to the ground.
Answer:
He staggered back sinking to the ground.

Question 6.
She is very keen to …………. modelling, (take up) (Fill up the blank with an infinitive)
Answer:
She is very keen to take up modelling.

Question 7.
What she hates most is ……………. (smoke) (Fill up the blank with a gerund)
Answer:
What she hates most is smoking.

Question 8.
He objected to …………. money on cosmetics, (spend) (Fill up the blank with a gerund)
Answer:
He objected to spending money on cosmetics.

Question 9.
It is a penal offence ……………. bribe a public servant. (Fill up the blank with an infinitive)
Answer:
It is a penal offence to bribe a public servant.

Question 10.
The boys are anxious ………….. (learn) (Fill up the blank with an infinitive)
Answer:
to learn.

Exercise 6 (Textual)

Question 1.
Combine the following sentences using participles:
(i) The strikers held a meeting.
(ii) They wished to discuss the terms of the employers.
Answer:
The strikers held a meeting wishing to discuss the terms of the employers.

Question 2.
(i) The robber took out a knife.
(ii) He wanted to frighten the old man.
Answer:
The robber took out a knife wanting to frighten the old man.

Question 3.
…………. (consider) the facts, he received scant justice. (Fill up the blank with a participle)
Answer:
Considering the facts, he received scant justice.

Question 4.
Combine the following sentences using a participle:
(i) He walked away.
(ii) He was whistling.
Answer:
He walked away whistling.

Question 5.
My hair needs …………….. (cut) (Fill up the blanks with a gerund)
Answer:
My hair needs cutting.

Question 6.
I saw him …………….. (cross) the road. (Fill up the blank with a gerund)
Answer:
I saw him crossing the road.

Exercise 7 (Textual)

Combine each of the following pairs of sentences into one sentence by using infinitives:
Question 1.
I am learning Sanskrit. I want to study the Gita.
Answer:
I am learning Sanskrit to study the Gita.

Question 2.
He labours hard. He wants to succeed.
Answer:
He labours hard to succeed.

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Use of Non-finites (Infinitives, Gerunds and Participles)

Question 3.
I am learning English. I want to study the works of Shakespeare.
Answer:
I am learning English to study the works of Shakespeare.

Question 4.
Children are going to the field. They want to play.
Answer:
Children are going to the field to play.

Question 5.
I have come here. I would like to see you.
Answer:
I have come here to see you.

Exercise 8 (Textual)

Fill up the blanks with one of these: (Infinitive, Gerund, Participle)

Question 1.
He has a …………… look, (surprise)
Answer:
surprised (Participle)

Question 2.
My father is a …………… man. (retire)
Answer:
retired (Participle)

Question 3.
They promised …………… me. (help)
Answer:
ro help (Infinitive)

Question 4.
…………… is pleasant, (play)
Answer:
Playing (Gerund)

Question 5.
…………… on the footpath is safe, (walk)
Answer:
Walking on the footpath is safe. (Gerund)

Question 6.
He gave me a pen …………… with, (write)
Answer:
He gave me a pen to write with. (Infinitive)

Question 7.
He gave up …………… (drink)
Answer:
He gave up drinking. (Gerund)

Miscellaneous Exercises

Infinitive

Exercise 1

Fill in the blanks with a infinitive:

1. …………… (waste) time is a folly.
2. …………… (err) is human.
3. I find it sensible …………… (remain) silent.
4. She seems …………… (be) happy.
5. …………… (toil) is the lot of mankind.
6. You need …………… (do) a lot.
7. I gave him a chance …………… (reconsider) his stand.
8. You are advised not …………… (mislead) your friends.
9. The game was about …………… (begin).
10. Let him leave the room.
11. Make him realise his mistake.
Answer:
1. To waste
2. To err
3. to remain
4. to be
5. To toil
6. to do
7. to reconsider
8. to mislead
9. to begin
10. To is not to be used in these sentences.
11. To is not to be used in these sentences.

Exercise 2

Use the following pair of sentences by using an infinitive:
1. The poor man had live children.
He must provide for them.
2. Turn to the left.
You will find my house.
3. My teacher will learn about my success.
He will be delighted.
4. This box is very big.
He can’t lift it.
5. I had no money.
I could buy no clothes.
Answer:
1. The poor man had ro provide tor five children.
2. Turn to the left for my house.
Or
Turn to the left to find rny house.
3. My teacher will be delighted to learn about my success.
4. This box is too big to lift.
5. I had no money to buy clothes.

PSEB 12th Class English Grammar PSEB 12th Class English Grammar Use of Non-finites (Infinitives, Gerunds and Participles)

Gerund

Exercise 1

Complete the following sentences with correct use oi gerund form of the verb:

1. He is good ar …………… (dance).
2. He is crazy about …………… (sing).
3. He doesn’t like …………… (play; cards.
4. I am afraid of …………… (swim) in the canal.
5. I am always interested in …………… (make) ftiends.
6. He is scared of …………… (travel! by air.
7. I suggest …………… (do) sonic m ire sums.
8. They insisted on …………… (cook) the dinner at home.
9. I thanked him for …………… (fix) my door.
10. I praised him for …………… (help) me in distress.
Answer:
1. dancing
2. playing
3. playing
4. swimming
5. making
6. travelling
7. doing
8. cooking
9. fixing
10. helping.

Participle

Exercise 1

Fill in the blanks with Present Participle:

1. The man …………… (drive) the car is my uncle.
2. Lorries …………… (come) over the bridge have to be careful of the wind.
3. Who was the girl …………… (wear) the red dress ?
4. Students …………… (submit) their essays late will lose ten marks.
5. The …………… (bud) flowers looked very lovely.
6. The …………… (run) bus rammed against the wall.
7. …………… (hear) the noise, he rushed to the spot.
8. They told us an …………… (amuse) account of their journey.
9. I saw the lion …………… (approach) us.
10. He watched them …………… (fight) over trigger.
Answer:
1. driving
2. coming
3. wearing
4. submitting
5. budding
6. running
7. Hearing
8. amusing
9. approaching
10. fighting.

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Business Letters

Punjab State Board PSEB 12th Class English Book Solutions English Letter Writing Business Letters Exercise Questions and Answers, Notes.

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Business Letters

1. Applications for Different Jobs

1. Write an application for the post of a Steno-typist.

14, Civil Lines,
Amritsar.
August 6, 20 ………….

The Advertiser,
Post Box No. 313,
The Tribune,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

This is in response to your advertisement in ‘The Tribune’ dated 4th August 20 for the post of a Steno-typist in your office. I beg to offer myself as a candidate for the same. As regards my qualifications, they are detailed below:
I passed my BA. Examination in 20 ………. from D.A.V. College, Amritsar. I was placed in the second division. After my graduation, I joined a commercial college where I learnt both short-hand and type-writing. My speed in short-hand is 75 w.p.m. and my speed in type-writing is 50 w.p.m. I have been working as a steno-typist with Sehgal & Co., Amritsar for the last five years. Besides short-hand and type-writing, I am also well conversant with other official work and can speak fluently English, Hindi and Punjabi.

I am still in the service of the same firm. I am seeking better opportunities which my present employer, with his limited business, cannot supply. He has no objection to my seeking a better job somewhere else.

I am a youngman of 25 with a sound physique and an impressive personality.

I enclose a certificate from my present employer in regard to my character, experience and ability. Should you appoint me to the post, it would be my sincerest effort to give you every satisfaction.

Yours faithfully,
H.M.L. Sood

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Business Letters

2. Reply to above.

Messrs Datta & Co.,
130, Park Lane,
New Delhi-15.
August 11, 20……

Mr. H.M.L. Sood,
14 Civil Lines,
Amritsar.

Dear Sir,

We have your application of the 6th August, for the post of a steno-typist in our office. We are glad to inform you that we have decided to appoint you for the post.

Your appointment will be on a temporary basis for three months. If your work and conduct are found satisfactory, you will be made permanent. Your salary will be Rs 12000/- per month during the temporary period and Rs 12450/- per month with a yearly increment of Rs 450/- on your being made permanent. Your promotion depends entirely on your hard work, honesty and sincerity.

If the appointment is acceptable to you, please let us know by return of post the date when you can join.

Yours faithfully,
R.M. Sinha,
Manager

3. Write an application for the job of an Asstt. Manager in a large firm – Messrs Ghooki and Sons – selling electrical appliances. Give details of your qualifications and experience and mention the minimum salary acceptable to you.

510, Church Street,
Chandigarh.
July, 28, 20……….

Messrs Ghooki and Sons,
R-120, Connaught Place,
New Delhi-1.
Dear Sirs,

In response to your advertisement in ‘The Times of India’ dated July 26, 20…. for the post of an Asstt. Manager in your firm engaged in selling electrical appliances, I beg to offer my services for the same. As desired by you, I give below a few particulars about myself.

I passed my M.A. (Economics) from St. Stephen’s College, New Delhi in 20… After my Post-Graduation, I passed M.B.A. course in 20…. from Punjab University, Chandigarh. I was placed in the first division. Since then I have been working in Mumbai Electricals in the capacity of an Asstt. Manager. I am 30 years of age. I have an experience of six years. I can plan and execute sales independently. I have an unblemished record and my present employer wants me to stay on. But I wish to come to my home town that is, Delhi.

At present I am drawing ? 25000/- p.m. and have a free furnished accommodation. I can join your concern at a minimum salary of ^ 35500/- plus a free furnished accommodation and a car at the company’s expense.

I am prepared to attend an interview only at your expense. Copies of my certificates and testimonials are enclosed herewith for your kind perusal.

Yours faithfully,
Shankar Chauhan

4. Reply to Application No. 3.

Messrs Ghooki & Sons,
R-120, Connaught Place,
New Delhi-I.
July 31, 20 ………..

Sh. Shankar Chauhan,
510, Church Street,
Chandigarh.
Dear Sir,

In reply to your application dated 28th July, for the post of an Asstt. Manager, we are glad to inform you that we are ready to offer you the job at the salary demanded by you. We shall also give you free furnished accommodation and a car at company’s expense. However, you will have to sign a contract to serve in our firm for a minimum period of 4 years.

If the above terms are acceptable to you, kindly make it convenient to call at our office on 10th August, 20 ………… at 10 A.M. to settle other details of your appointment.

Yours faithfully,
R.P. Ghooki,
Managing Director

5. Write an application for the post of a P.A. to the Technical Manager of Calico Textiles. The post requires knowledge of short-hand typing and textiles of all varieties. Quote references.

14, Patel Road,
New Delhi-33.
May 26, 20 ……….

The Technical Manager,
Calico Textiles,
Amritsar.
Dear Sir,

In response to your advertisement in ‘The Times of India dated May 22, 20…. for the post of a P.A., I beg to offer myself as a candidate for the same.

I passed my Higher Secondary Examination in the first division. I passed B. Com. Final in 20 with Hons, in Secretarial Practice. I was immediately employed by Mohindra Textiles, New Delhi and have been working there to the satisfaction of my superiors. I am seeking better opportunities which my present employers with their limited range of business cannot supply. They have no objection to my seeking a better job somewhere.

I am a young man of 26 with a pleasing personality. I am capable of doing hard work. I enclose a certificate from my present employers in regard to my character, experience and ability.

Should you appoint me to the post, it would be my sincerest effort to give you every satisfaction. Once again I assure you that I will do my duty honestly and conscientiously.

Yours faithfully,
Sunil Sharma

6. Reply to above.

The Technical Manager,
Calico Textiles,
Amritsar.
May 30, 20 …….

Mr. Sunil Sharma,
14, Patel Road,
New Delhi-33.
Dear Sir,

In reply to your application for the post of a P.A. dated May 26, 20 …………. I should be glad if you call at my office on Monday morning next so that I may discuss details concerning the post for which you have applied.

The initial salary offered is Rs 12400/- per month, the engagement being terminable at one month’s notice on either side.

Yours faithfully,
S.M. Kakkar

2. Placing Orders

7. Placing Order for Steel Furniture.

Messrs Raja Sodhi &C Co.,
(Steel Furniture Dealers)
Prasad Road,
Ludhiana.
October 3, 20 ……….

Ref. No. 602/…. RS
The Manager,
Messrs Mahesh & Co.,
Rani Jhansi Road,
New Delhi-11.
Dear Sir,

We are in receipt of your quotation October, 1, 20… and thank you for the same. Please arrange to supply us the following goods as early as possible:
12 Nos…. Steel Almirah, size 84⊄⊄ at Rs 700 Per Piece.
12 Nos…. Manager’s Table, size 60⊄⊄ at Rs 400 Per Piece.
Sales and any other tax, if required, will be paid extra.

As desired by you, we are enclosing herewith our cheque No. STB/610073 dated October 3, 20….. for Rs 10,000/- only as advance and balance will be paid as soon as the goods are delivered.

In this connection, please note that if you make your terms liberal, we confirm, we shall be able to give you a good turnover per year. Please see what you can do.
Thanking you,

Yours faithfully,
Ram Chand
Manager

Enel. : One cheque.
No. : STB/610073.
Date : October 3, 20 …..
Amount : Rs 10,000/- only.
Back : State Bank of India, New Delhi-1.

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Business Letters

8. Reply to above.

Messrs Mahesh & Co.,
Rani Jhansi Road,
New Delhi-11.
October 10, 20 …….

The Manager,
Messrs Raja Sodhi & Co.
(Steel Furniture Dealers)
Prasad Road,
Ludhiana.
Dear Sir,

We thank you for your order of the 3rd October, 20… and are pleased to state that the goods required have been despatched by passenger train this morning.

We trust that the goods will arrive in excellent condition and their quality will induce your good self to send further orders.

Yours faithfully,
K. Mahesh,
Manager

Enel. : Invoice
R/R No. : Nd/16003
Dated : October 10, 20….

9. Placing Order for Books.

R. Chand & Co.,
(Booksellers)
College Road,
Patiala.
July 18, 20 ……..

Messrs Malhotra Publishers,
Railway Road,
Jalandhar City.
Dear Sirs,

We are in receipt of your letter No. B-605/78 K dated 8th July, 20 alongwith a list of your publications. We thank you for the same.
Please supply us immediately:
40 Copies AS YOU LIKE IT by Prof. Ashok @ Rs 19/- each.
40 Copies MBD English Guide, TDC, III @ Rs 45/- each.
30 Copies MBD Economics Refresher B.Com. II, @ Rs 26/- each.
40 Copies MBD History Refresher TDC 11 @ Rs 12/- each 25 Copies
MBD Refresher English Guide, B.Com. 1, @ Rs 16/- each.

As desired by you, we are enclosing herewith our cheque No. SKB/K 10032 dated July 18, 20…… for Rs 1500/- only as advance and the balance will be paid against delivery.

Our next order will be forwarded as and when necessary.

Yours faithfully,
Ravinder Ghai,
Proprietor

Enel. : One cheque.
No. : SKB/K10032.
Date : July 18, 20 …….
Amount : Rs 1500/-
Bank : State Bank of India,
Patiala.

10. Acknowledging a Big Order.

Messrs Malhotra Publishers,
Railway Road,
Jalandhar City.
July 12, 20……

Ref. : MBD/MA-16 TR.
Messrs Bose & Co.,
University Road,
New Delhi-16.
Dear Sirs,

We thank you for your order No. 818. dated July 6, 20 ….. for 300 copies of MBD ENGLISH LITERATURE SERIES, “AS YOU LIKE IT” by Prof. Ashok @ Rs 90/- each copy. The order has been booked for execution and the books will be despatched by goods train on 14th July.

This is the first occasion we have the pleasure to execute your order. We heartily welcome you to our list of will-wishers and patrons. We assure you that you will always find our books satisfactory and hope this order will lead to an enduring connection with you.

Yours faithfully,
Balwant Sharma
Manager

11. Placing Order for Sports Goods.

“SPORTS CORNER”
14, Lodhi Market,
New Delhi-21.
July 6, 20 ……

Ref. No. Sc/506.
Messrs Kohli & Co.,
Sports Goods Manufacturers,
Industrial Estate,
Jalandhar City.
Dear Sirs,

I am in receipt of your quotation dated July 2, 20 …… and thank you for the same. Please supply us immediately the following items:
6 dozen Cricket balls @ Rs 120/- per dozen.
20 Cricket Bats (Durrani) @ Rs 75/- per bat.
50 pairs of Batting Gloves @ Rs 10/- per pair,
8 dozen Hockey balls (Ashok) @ Rs 100/- per dozen.
5 dozen Hockey Sticks (Champion) @ Rs 400/- per dozen.
Sales and any other tax, if leviable, will be paid extra.

As desired by you. I am enclosing herewith my cheque No. PB/c 70078 dated July 6, 20… for Rs 2,500/- only as advance and balance will be paid against delivery.
Thanking you,

Yours faithfully,
J.L. Mehta
Manager

Enel. : One cheque.
No. : PB/c 70078
Date : July 6, 20…
Amount : Rs 2,500/- only.
Bank : Punjab National Bank, New Delhi-1.

12. Reply to Letter No. 11.

Messrs Kohli & Co.,
Sports Goods Manufacturers,
Industrial Estate,
Jalandhar City.
July 9, 20 …….

The Manager,
“Sports Corner”,
14, Lodhi Market,
New Delhi-21.
Dear Sirs,

We are indebted to you for your order of the 6th July, 20 ……. and pleased to state that the goods required have been despatched by passenger train this morning.

We trust that the goods will arrive in excellent condition and their quality will induce you to send further orders.

Yours faithfully,
Satish Kohli
Sales Manager

Enel. : Invoice
R/R No. : JK/622532
Date : July 2, 20 ……..

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Business Letters

13. Placing order for Servicing of Typewriting Machines.

Michael Limited,
(Commission Agents & Gen. Order Suppliers)
150, Park Road,
Kolkata-500025.
August 12, 20 ………

Ref. No. 1832/ML-630
Messrs Baliram & Co.
18, Church Lane,
New Delhi-32.
Dear Sirs,

Thank you for your quotation dated August 8, 20… for servicing of our different Typewriting Machines.

We do hereby accept your quotation under reference and request you to start work from the next week.

Regarding payment, though you did not mention anything in your quotation, we propose to make payments bi-monthly (i.e. 6 times in a year). Hence you are to submit your bill after completion of servicing of every two months.

Thanking you,

Yours faithfully,
R.S. Singh Purchase
Manager

14. Asking for details of Order.

Renu Hosiery Goods,
Industrial Estate,
Jalandhar City.
October 6, 20 …….

Messrs Dimple Readymade Garments,
106, Main Market,
New Delhi-13.
Dear Sirs,

We thank you for your Order No. 512 October 4, 20… for 5 dozen All-wool Pullovers, Catalogue No. 12 A, @ Rs 80/- each. We should like to inform you that you did not write the specifications in regard to size and colour. Surely, you would like to make your own choice and do not want us to send you size and colour of our selection.

We shall be glad if you kindly let us know your choice.

Yours faithfully,
V.K. Nanda
Sales Manager

3. Complaints And Adjustments

15. Complaint for Non-execution of an Order.

Upkar Traders,
6-Gurudwara Road,
Amritsar.
December 10, 20 …….

Ref. No. UT/103/………
Messrs Aggarwal & Sons,
15/162-E, Rampur Road,
Agra.
Dear Sirs,

Please refer to our order No. UT/503/ ………. dated November 2, 20 ……… for 200 Tins of Ghee (Lotus Brand).

We note with regret that the goods ordered were not delivered till this day, in spite of the fact that a prompt delivery was guaranteed and the order obtained on the strength of guarantee. The reasons are, however, beyond our knowledge.

This is not the first time a delay in delivery has occurred. Any way, we shall like to point out that business on these conditions can’t be continued for long.

We hope that this letter will cause you to settle the problem finally. Your immediate reply is expected.

Thanking you,

Yours faithfully,
Rajinder K. Singh
Purchase Officer

16. A Negative Reply to Letter No. 15.

Messrs Aggarwal & Sons,
15/162-E, Rampura Road,
Agra.
December 13, 20 ……..

Ref. No. A/s-603213-G,
The Purchase Officer,
Upkar Traders,
6-Gurudwara Road,
Amritsar.
Dear Sir,

We are in receipt of your letter No. UT/1003/ ……….. dated December 10, 20 ……….. and thank you for the same.

Please note that since there are some technical difficulties in our factory, we are not in a position to execute the order this time. We request you to procure the same from some other source.

We hope that you will realise that it is due to circumstances beyond our control. We do sincerely hope that you will not mind anything. We shall inform you as soon as the position becomes normal.

We are extremely sorry for this but are helpless. Thanking you in anticipation and expecting your best cooperation always.

Yours faithfully,
R.N. Aggarwal
Proprietor

17. An Affirmative Reply.

Messrs Aggarwal & Sons,
15/162-E, Rampura Road,
Agra.
December 13, 20 ………

Ref. No. A/s-603213-G,
The Purchase Officer,
Upkar Traders,
6-Gurudwara Road,
Amritsar.
Dear Sir,

We are in receipt of your letter No. UT/1003/ ……….. dated December 10,20 …………. and thank you for the same.

We are really sorry for the delay in executing your order due to a strike by the workers in our factory. Now the things are settled and we shall send the goods within two’ or three days.

We hope you will realise that the delay is due to circumstances beyond our control. We shall try our best to execute all your future orders in time.

Yours faithfully,
R.H. Aggarwal
Proprietor

18. Complaint for Express Bill.

District Sports Officer,
Govinda Stadium,
Amritsar.
July 10, 20……….

Ref. No. D50/6-CR.
M/s R.P. Kalra & Co.,
Sports Goods Manufacturers,
16, Industrial Estate,
Jalandhar City.
Dear Sir,

We are in receipt of the hockey sticks sent under cover of your invoice No. RPC/340 ……… dated June, 8, 20 ………. and thank you for the same.

In this connection, kindly note that in your invoice, you have charged Rs 26/- per stick while you quoted Rs 24/- per stick.

Please rectify the mistake and either send us the excess amount charged by M.O. or issue us a C.N. for the same. Prompt action is expected.

Yours sincerely,
Swami Talwar
D.S.O.

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Business Letters

19. Reply to Above.

M/S R.P. Kalra & Co.,
Sports Goods Manufacturers,
16, Industrial Estate,
Jalandhar city.
July 13, 20 ……..

Ref. No. RPK/32-
The District Sports Officer,
Govind Stadium,
Amritsar.
Dear Sir,

We are in receipt of your letter No. DSO/6-CR dated July 10, 20…. and note the contents with thanks. The mistake took place due to the inadvertence of our billing clerk for which we are extremely sorry.

Enclosed please find our Credit Note No. RPK/6-88 dated July 13, 20…….. for the excess amount which may be adjusted with your next order.
Thanking you in anticipation and assuring you of our best co-operation and service. We remain,

Yours faithfully,
K.L. Sharma
Sales Manager.

20. Complaint for sending wrong books.

“Book-Shop”
University Campus,
Patiala.
July 26, 20…….

Ref. No. BS/102 ……….
Messrs Manjit Bros.,
Educational Publishers,
Jalandhar City.
Dear Sirs,

I am in receipt of the parcel sent under cover of your invoice No. MB 4078 dated July 24, 20…….. (for Rs 5200/-) and thank you for the same.

But on opening the parcel, I find that you have sent us the Punjabi Edition intead of Hindi Edition.

I presume due to the inadvertence of your packer, this mistake has taken place. I am sending the parcel back. I request you to replace the same immediately. I do hope that you shall do the needful as soon as my letter reaches you.

Yours faithfully,
K.C. Sachdeva
Manager

21. Reply to Above Letter of Complaint.

Messrs Manjit Bros.,
Educational Publishers,
Jalandhar City.
July 28, 20…….

Ref. No. MB/607……
The Manager,
“Book-Shop”
University Campus,
Patiala.
Dear Sir,
We are in receipt of your letter No. BS/102 ……….. dated July 26,20 …… and noted the contents with thanks.

We are sending you the Hindi Edition by the next available Passenger Train. On receipt of the parcel, please do drop a line to us.

We are extremely sorry for the inconvenience caused to you due to this. We assure you that necessary care will be taken at the time of execution of all your future orders. Please never mind for this.

Thanking you in anticipation and assuring you of our best services always.

Yours faithfully,
D.K. Joshi
(Partner)
For Manjit Bros.

22. Complaint for Defective Goods.

Rehman & Sons,
Shawl Dealers,
Manik Road,
Amritsar.
November 10, 20 ……..

The Manager,
Messrs Bal Chand Lai Chand,
The Mall,
Jalandhar.
Dear Sir,

We thank you for the prompt execution of our Order No. RS/265-D, dated October 21, 20 ……

Unfortunately, on opening the case, we find twenty shawls torn which are unsaleable. There are six shawls whose finish is decidedly bad. In no way they appear like high-priced goods, a fact which is very much against our business ethics.

We are unable to offer such shawls to our customers and therefore returning them in the hope that you will let us have goods of a better quality.

Yours faithfully,
Kadir Rahman
(Partner)

23. Reply to Above.

Messrs Bal Chand Lai Chand,
The Mall,
Jalandhar.
November 18, 20 ……..

Ref. No. BCLC/……….
Messrs Rehman & Sons,
Shawl Dealers,
Manik Road,
Amritsar.
Dear Sirs,

We are in receipt of your letter dated November 10, 20……. complaining about the defective goods supplied by us. We are extremely sorry that we have not been able to supply goods to your satisfaction. Generally, our men thoroughly check the goods before they are despatched to our clients, but as some of our shawls have been found defective and inferior, we are ready to replace them at our cost.

We shall forward you a fresh supply of shawls within a few days and we trust that these will be to your full satisfaction.

Yours faithfully,
H.D. Sharma
Manager

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Business Letters

24. You recently travelled on an old public transport bus which broke down a couple of times on the way. Write a letter to the manager of the company giving details of the poor condition of the bus and the harassment that it caused to the passengers. Also make a few suggestions to improve the service

To
The Manager,
Malhi Bus Service Private Limited,
Jalandhar Bus Stop.
Jalandhar.
Sir,

I wish to bring to your kind notice that I had a very bitter experience while travelling by one of the buses of your company BTK 2534 plying between Batala and Jalandhar on 12th January, 2012, I was in a hurry to reach Jalandhar. After buying a ticket for my journey, I boarded the bus. The bus left Batala at ten o’clock. As I took my seat, I found the seat cover torn. Some of the windows had no panes. The floor or deck of the bus was in a wretched shape. The iron plates were broken and twisted. Technically it could be called more of scrap than a roadworthy bus. It appeared to be a very aged bus.

After leaving Batala, the bus began to slow down after covering about two kilometres. Then it broke down and stopped near Achal Sahib. The driver and the conductor tried to repair it but it showed no sign of getting re-started. I got the impression that the bus was not at all roadworthy even when it was going to start from the Batala bus stop. Probably the conductor and the driver were in league with each other to dupe the passengers. After struggling to start, the bus showed signs of moving. But it began to run at a slower speed. All the passengers felt uncertain about the bus reaching the destination. We had already wasted 45 minutes at Achal Sahib.

Thereafter the bus came to a grinding halt at Baba Bakala. All the passengers got down. They asked the conductor to return their fare as they wanted to take other buses to reach Jalandhar. The conductor refused to refund the fare. He wanted the passengers to wait for the bus to re-start. Another forty-five minutes were wasted. Someone brought a mechanic.

He tried his level best to start the bus. The bus moved at a very slow speed. It broke down again at Beas. We had a similar experience at Subhanpur. It was 4.30 p.m.. by the time we reached Jalandhar. A journey of one and a half hours was completed within six hours.

It is a reflection on your competence as the manager of the company. You are requested to remove such a useless bus from plying. It is nothing short of deliberate cheating. You should ask the driver and the conductor why they sent such a bus to transport passengers. The public expects a proper value of their money.

Yours truly,
Gurtej Singh Dhillon
and ten others.

4. Inquiries, Quotations & Replies

25. Letter of Inquiry concerning the Status of the Firm.

Raman Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
Industrial Estate,
Jalandhar City.
December 4, 20……

Mr. D.R Azad,
5/31, Nehru Road,
Delhi.
Dear Sir,

We have been requested by M/s Singh Bros., Civil Lines, Delhi, to forward twenty pieces of Steel Almirahs for which they propose to pay by means of a three months’ bill. As the amount involved is more than Rs 10,000/-, we are naturally a bit reluctant to allow credit without some assurance as to their financial standing.

We shall feel obliged if you give us the detailed information regarding their financial status and reputation. Please do inform us whether you consider it proper to grant the said credit to them.

We thank you in advance for any other information which you can give us.

Yours faithfully,
K.R. Mani
Sales Manager

26. A favourable Reply to the above letter.

5/31, Nehru Road,
Delhi.
December 10, 20 …….

The Sales Manager,
Messrs Raman Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
Industrial Estate,
Jalandhar City.
Dear Sir,

I am pleased to be of service to you in ascertaining the financial status and reputation of M/s Singh Bros, Civil Lines, Delhi, about whom you enquired on December 4, 20……

I am glad to inform you that the said firm enjoys the fullest respect and reputation in local commercial circles. The firm is known to be possessed of a considerable amount of capital.

There seems to be no reason for withholding credit to the extent you mention, and you should have no hesitation in doing business with the firm on the terms suggested.

Yours faithfully,
D.P. Azad

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Business Letters

27. An Unfavourable Reply.

5/31-Nehru Road,
Delhi.
December, 10, 20……….

The Sales Manager,
Messrs Raman Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
Jalandhar City.
Dear Sir,

In reply to your inquiry of the 4th December concerning M/s Singh Bros., Civil Lines, Delhi, I could recommend a policy of caution. Though the said firm is an excellent business organisation with a wide circle of customers, yet their operation hardly warrants an allowance of credit to the extent of Rs 10,000/- You should hesitate to accept the conditions they suggest. As far as I can see, payment of half this sum i.e. Rs 5000/- in cash would be advisable.

I hope that you will recognise the importance of keeping the information strictly private.

Yours faithfully,
D.R Azad

28. Asking for Quotation of Pencils.

Pandit Brothers,
Gandhi Road,
Ludhiana.
April 10, 20 ……..

Messrs Jain Bros.,
Pencil Manufacturers,
10, Industrial Area,
New Delhi-28.
Dear Sirs,

We are very much interested to purchase various brands of pencils manufactured by you, in large quantities regularly every month.

We shall be glad if you send us the details of the pencils manufactured by you quoting prices and other terms.

We assure you that we shall be able to give you good sales provided your terms and conditions suit us.

We hope you will facilitate business by quoting us the lowest possible rates. Your immediate action will be highly appreciated.

Yours faithfully,
S.M. Pandit

29. Reply to Above.

Messrs Jain Bros.,
Pencil Manufacturers,
10, Industrial Area,
New Delhi-28.
April 14, 20 ………

Ref. No. JB/16032-D.
Mr. S.M. Pandit,
Pandit Brothers,
Gandhi Road,
Ludhiana.
Dear Sir,

We are in receipt of your letter dated April 10, 20 ………. and thank you for the same. We are sending herewith our catalogue containing quotations for quantities from our existing stocks. You will also find the terms of payment indicated therein. But packing charges will be extra.

We like to add here that we shall be very glad to offer you a special discount of 2½% over and above our usual trade terms if your monthly requirement is 200 grosses (assorted).

Please let us have your standing order as early as possible which will always receive our most careful and prompt attention.

Yours faithfully,
P.K. Jain
Managing Director

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

Punjab State Board PSEB 12th Class English Book Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

PSEB Solutions for Class 12 English Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Discuss the appropriateness of the title of the story ‘The Bull Beneath the Earth’.
“The Bull Beneath the Earth’ कहानी के शीर्षक की उचितता पर तर्क करें
Answer:
The title of a story must be appropriate. It must capture its theme and throw light on its events. The title refers to the old man in the story. He is burdened by his personal sorrows. His eldest son Karam Singh has recently died. He has to take care of his daughter-in-law and his grandson. Mann Singh rightly compares him with the mythical bull who carries on its head the burden of the whole earth.

कहानी का शीर्षक उचित होना चाहिए। इसकी इसके विषय पर पकड़ होनी चाहिये और कहानी की घटनाओं पर प्रकाश डालना चाहिए। यह शीर्षक कहानी में बूढ़े आदमी से सम्बन्धित है। वह अपने व्यक्तिगत दुःखों के बोझ तले दबा हुआ है। उसका बड़ा बेटा कर्म सिंह हाल ही में मर गया है। उसको अपनी बहु और पोते का ध्यान रखना है। मान सिंह ठीक ही उसकी तुलना उस पौराणिक बैल से करता है जिसने अपने सिर पर सारी ज़मीन का बोझ उठाया हुआ है।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

Question 2.
Why did Mann Singh not get a warm welcome by the father of Karam Singh ?
कर्म सिंह के बाप ने मान सिंह का हार्दिक स्वागत क्यों नहीं किया ?
Answer:
Mann Singh was a true friend of Karam Singh. During his leave he visited Karam Singh’s house. Because of the tragedy of Karam Singh, his father didn’t give him a warm welcome. Mann Singh understood that his personal loss and responsibilities had given him a great shock. He rightly compared him with the mythical bull beneath the earth.

मान सिंह कर्म सिंह का एक सच्चा मित्र था। अपनी छुट्टी के दौरान वह कर्म सिंह के घर गया। कर्म सिंह के दुखांत के कारण उसके पिता ने उसका हार्दिक स्वागत नहीं किया। मान सिंह समझ गया कि उसकी व्यक्तिगत हानि और दायित्वों ने उसे बहुत बड़ा सदमा दिया था। उसने ठीक ही उसकी तुलना धरती के नीचे वाले पौराणिक बैल से की।

Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Write a character-sketch of Karam Singh.
Karam Singh का चरित्र – चित्रण करे|
Answer:
Karam Singh was a Havildar in the army. He was posted in Burma. The text does not tell us anything about his early life. He belonged to the village named Thathi Khara in Amritsar district. He was a hearty, friendly character. He had a very pleasant manner of speech.

The people of his village loved to sit by his side and listen to his tales of war and adventure. Karam Singh was very popular in his village. When he came on leave, he had many tales to tell the people. In his regiment also, he was famous as a crack shot.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

He had killed many Japanese in the war. It was said that whenever he pressed the trigger of his rifle, a Japanese used to be killed. He used to be the best performer in rifle shooting competitions. In his regiment, he was known for his feats in the gymnasium. He was a sincere friend of Mann Singh, Naik in his regiment. During war days, Mann Singh went on leave for a few days.

He was from Chuharkana (now in Pakistan). Karam Singh told him to visit his village in Amritsar district and see his parents. Mann Singh met the members of his family. Karam Singh’s end was tragic. His loss was a permanent loss for his family. He was a brave and efficient soldier.

कर्म सिंह सेना में हवलदार था। वह Burma में अपने सैनिक काम पर नियुक्त था। मूलपाठ हमें उसके आरम्भिक जीवन के बारे कुछ नहीं बताता। वह अमृतसर जिला के ठठी खारा गांव का रहने वाला था। वह खुशदिल और मैत्री भाव वाला व्यक्ति था। उसके बोलचाल का तरीका बड़ा सुहावना था। उसके गांव के लोग उसके पास बैठकर उससे युद्ध और जोखिम वाली कहानियाँ सुनना पसंद करते थे। कर्म सिंह अपने गांव में प्रसिद्ध था।

जब वह छुट्टी पर आता था, उसके पास लोगों को सुनाने के लिए कई कहानियां होती थीं। अपनी रैजीमैंट का वह प्रसिद्ध निशानेबाज़ था। युद्ध में उसने कई जापानियों को मारा था। कहा जाता था कि जब भी वह अपनी बन्दूक के घोड़े को दबाता था तो एक जापानी मर जाता था। Rifle द्वारा गोली चलाने की प्रतियोगिताओं में वह सबसे बेहतरीन निशानेबाज़ होता था। अपनी रैजीमैन्ट में वह Gymnasium के अपने करतबों के लिए भी काफ़ी प्रसिद्ध था। वह मान सिंह का सच्चा मित्र था जो कि उसी रैजीमैन्ट में नायक था। युद्ध के दिनों में मान सिंह कुछ दिनों की छुट्टी पर गया।

वह चूड़काना (अब पाकिस्तान में) का रहने वाला था। कर्म सिंह ने उसे कहा कि वह अमृतसर जिले में उसके गांव जाकर उसके माता-पिता से मिले। मान सिंह कर्म सिंह के गांव जाकर उसके परिवार वालों को मिला। कर्म सिंह का अन्त दुःखद था। अपने परिवार वालों के लिए उसकी हानि एक स्थाई हानि थी। वह एक कुशल और वीर सैनिक था।

Question 2.
Write a character-sketch of Mann Singh.
Mann Singh का चरित्र-चित्रण करें।
Answer:
Mann Singh was a Naik in the army. He belonged to Chuharkana (now in Pakistan). He was a sincere friend of Karam Singh who was a Havildar in the same regiment in Burma.

He was a fast friend of Karam Singh. He was full of praise for his friend’s skill and efficiency as a soldier. He was a true friend of Karam Singh. During the war days. he had to go on leave. Karam Singh also wanted to have leave and he wished to spend his leave with Mann Singh. But he did not get leave. Karam Singh told Mann Singh to go to his village, Thathi Khara in district Amritsar.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

By his visit to his village, he would be able to meet his people. He wanted his parents to feel that he had visited them through the visit of Mann Singh. Because of the tragedy of Karam Singh, his father did not give him a warm welcome.

But Mann Singh understood that his personal loss and responsibilities had given him a great shock. He rightly compared the old father of Karam Singh with the mythical bull beneath the earth.

मान सिंह सेना में नायक था। वह चूड़काना (अब पाकिस्तान में) का रहने वाला था। वह कर्मसिंह का सच्चा दोस्त था जो बर्मा की उसी रैजीमैन्ट में हवलदार था। वह कर्म सिंह का पक्का मित्र था। वह एक सैनिक के रूप में अपने मित्र की प्रवीणता और कौशल की बहुत प्रशंसा करता था। वह एक सच्चा मित्र था।

युद्ध के दिनों में उसे छुट्टी पर जाना पड़ा। कर्म सिंह भी छुट्टी लेकर जाना चाहता था ताकि वह छुट्टी मान सिंह के साथ बिता सके। लेकिन उसे छुट्टी नहीं मिली। कर्म सिंह ने मान सिंह को कहा कि वह उसके गांव ठुठी खारा जिला अमृतसर में जाये। उसके गांव जाकर वह उसके परिवार के लोगों से मिल सकेगा। कर्म सिंह चाहता था कि मान सिंह के जाने से उसके मातापिता को लगेगा कि उसके ज़रिये से वे कर्म सिंह को मिल सके थे।

कर्म सिंह के दुःखांत के कारण कर्म सिंह के पिता ने मान सिंह का अच्छी तरह स्वागत नहीं किया। लेकिन मान सिंह समझ गया था कि उसके व्यक्तिगत नुकसान और ज़िम्मेदारियों ने उसको बड़ा झटका दिया था। इस लिए उसने कर्म सिंह के बूढ़े बाप की तुलना ज़मीन के नीचे उपस्थित पौराणिक बैल से की थी।

Question 3.
Why did Mann Singh visit Karam Singh’s village during his leave ? How did Karam Singh’s family treat him ? What was the reason for such treatment?
अपनी छुट्टी के दौरान मान सिंह कर्म सिंह के गांव क्यों गया ? कर्म सिंह के परिवार ने उसके साथ कैसा व्यवहार किया ? ऐसे बर्ताव का क्या कारण था ?
Answer:
Mann Singh was going on leave to his home in Chuharkana. His friend Karam Singh told him that he must go to his village Thathi Khara and see his people before he returned from leave. He told him that his family members would be happy to see him. Then Karam Singh told him about the geography of his village.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

He would write to his parents about Mann Singh’s visit. So Mann Singh made it a point to visit Thathi Khara. He took a tonga from Amritsar to reach the village. As he reached the place, he entered Karam Singh’s house. He greeted Karam Singh’s father. Karam Singh’s father welcomed him. He sat down on a charpai.

The old man did not appear to be warm in welcoming Mann Singh. He seemed to be disturbed at Mann Singh’s arrival. His eyes wandered away from Mann Singh’s face. Mann Singh thought this welcome strange. For a moment, Mann Singh thought that the old man was not Karam Singh’s father.

The old man said that this was Karam Singh’s house. He added that Karam Singh had written to him about his visit. After speaking these words, the old man walked away to the courtyard. The reason for this cold treatment was the sudden death of Karam Singh. The whole family was in grief.

मान सिंह छुट्टी पर (चूड़काना) अपने घर जा रहा था। कर्म सिंह ने उसको कहा कि उसे छुट्टी से वापस आने से पहले उसके गांव ठठ्ठी खारा में उसके घर जाकर उसके माता-पिता को ज़रूर मिलना चाहिये। उसने उसको कहा कि उसके माता-पिता उसको मिल कर बहुत प्रसन्न होंगे। फिर कर्मसिंह ने उसको अपने गांव की भौगोलिक स्थिति बता दी।

वह अपने माता-पिता को मान सिंह के दौरे के बारे लिख देगा। इसलिए मान सिंह ने इरादा कर लिया कि वह Thathi Khara ज़रूर जायेगा। गांव पहुंचने के लिए उसने Amritsar से टांगा ले लिया। वहां पहुंच कर उसने कर्म सिंह के घर प्रवेश किया। उसने कर्म सिंह के पिता को नमस्कार किया।

बूढ़े बाप ने उसको कहा कि यह कर्म सिंह का घर है। कर्म सिंह के पिता ने उसका स्वागत किया। वह एक चारपाई पर बैठ गया। बूढ़े आदमी द्वारा मान सिंह का स्वागत करने में रूखापन था। वह मान सिंह के आने पर परेशान-सा था। उसकी आँखें मान सिंह के चेहरे से परे हट गईं। मान सिंह इस स्वागत को विचित्र पा समझता था।

एक पल के लिए तो मान सिंह ने सोचा कि यह बूढ़ा कर्म सिंह का बाप नहीं था। देर कहा ।क यह कर्म सिंह का घर था। उसने कहा कि कर्म सिंह ने उसके आने के बारे लिखा था। ये शब्द बोलने के बाद बूढ़ा आदमी वहां से आंगन की ओर चला गया। इस ठंडे या रूखे स्वागत का कारण कर्म सिंह की अचानक मौत थी। सारा परिवार शोकग्रस्त था।

Question 4.
Give a brief character-sketch of Karam Singh’s father.
कर्म सिंह के बाप का संक्षेप में चरित्र-चित्रण करें।
Answer:
Karam Singh’s father is an old man. He must be past sixty. The story does not tell us about his early life. He seems to be engaged in domestic duties. He does not talk much. When Mann Singh comes to his house at the request of Karam Singh, he does not talk frankly with the visitor. He is not at all warm to his son’s dear friend. Mann Singh gets a cold treatment.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

He does not ask Mann Singh any question about the welfare of his son. So Mann Singh asks him if he is Karam Singh’s father. He is a man of sorrows. He has several sorrows of his own. After the death of Karam Singh, he has to take care of his daughter-in-law and his grandson.

He has become numb after the death of his son in the army. When Mann Singh comes to know that his friend is dead, he then understands why he is so sad and almost silent. Mann Singh compares him to a mythical bull in the mythical stories which bore upon its head the burden of the whole earth. Karam Singh’s father appeared to him a kind, generous and helpful spirit who was willing to share other people’s burden.

कर्म सिंह का बाप एक बूढ़ा व्यक्ति है। वह 60 वर्ष से ऊपर है। कहानी उसके प्रारम्भिक जीवन के बारे कुछ नहीं बताती। वह घरेलू कार्यों में व्यस्त है। वह अधिक बातें भी नहीं करता। जब मान सिंह कर्म सिंह के कहने पर उसके घर आता है तो वह आगन्तुक के साथ खुलकर बात भी नहीं करता।

वह अपने बेटे के प्यारे मित्र के साथ गर्मजोशी से नहीं मिलता। मान सिंह के साथ शुष्क व्यवहार होता है। वह अपने बेटे की भलाई के बारे मान सिंह से कोई प्रश्न भी नहीं पूछता। इसलिए मान सिंह पूछता है क्या वह कर्म सिंह का बाप है। वह दुःखों से पीड़ित व्यक्ति है।

उस पर कई दुःखों का बोझ लदा हुआ है। कर्म सिंह की मौत के बाद उस पर अपनी बहू और पोते का बोझ है। अपने बेटे की सेना में मौत हो जाने से सन्न हो गया है। जब मान सिंह को अपने मित्र की मृत्यु के बारे में पता चलता है तो उसे पता चलता है कि वह इतना उदास और बिल्कुल खामोश क्यों है।

मान सिंह उसकी तुलना पौराणिक कहानियों में दिये हुए पौराणिक बैल से करता है जिसने सारे संसार के बोझ को अपने सिर पर उठाया हुआ था। कर्म सिंह का पिता उसे एक दयालु, उदार और सहायक आत्मा लगता था जो दूसरों का बोझ बांटने को तैयार था।

Objective Type Questions

This question will consist of 3 objective type questions carrying one mark each. These objective questions will include questions to be answered in one word to one sentence or fill in the blank or true/false or multiple choice type questions.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

Question 1.
Who were Mann Singh and Karam Singh ?
Answer:
Mann Singh and Karam Singh were soldiers in the same Regimental Centre and were serving together in a battalion on the Burma Front.

Question 2.
What were the designations of Karam Singh and Mann Singh in the army?
Answer:
Mann Singh was a Naik and Karam Singh was a Havildar in the army.

Question 3.
Where did Mann Singh go when he got a few days’ leave ?
Answer:
He went to his friend Karam Singh’s village, Thathi Khara.

Question 4.
Who did Mann Singh meet first on entering Karam Singh’s house?
Answer:
He first met Karam Singh’s father.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

Question 5.
Who was Jaswant Singh ?
Answer:
He was Karam Singh’s brother.

Question 6.
What did Mann Singh tell Karam Singh’s family about the latter’s war skills ?
Answer:
Mann Singh said that Karam Singh was very famous in the Burma war and a Japanese was killed as he pressed the trigger.

Question 7.
Which words of Mann Singh pierced Karam Singh’s father’s heart ?
Answer:
Mann Singh told Karam Singh’s little son to come with him if he wanted to go to his father. There he would have plenty of water to play in.

Question 8.
How far was Taran Taran from Karam Singh’s village ?
Answer:
It was nearly four miles.

Question 9.
What news did the postman bring ?
Answer:
The postman brought papers concerning Karam Singh’s pension.

Question 10.
What was the effect of Karam Singh’s death on Mann Singh ?
Answer:
Mann Singh felt choked in his chest and throat and his body became feelingless (numb).

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

Question 11.
Why did the members of Karam Singh’s family not break the news of his death …to Mann Singh ?
Answer:
They did not tell him as they did not want to spoil his days of leave and they knew that he would come to know everything on returning to his regiment.

Question 12.
Why did Mann Singh compare Karam Singh’s father to a bull who bore upon its head the burden of the whole earth ? (V.V. Imp.)
Answer:
Karam Singh’s father had extraordinary capacity for bearing his personal sorrows and shocks just like the bull in mythical stories who bore upon its head the burden
of the whole earth.

Question 13.
This story relates to rural area of district Amritsar. (True/False)
Answer:
True.

Question 14.
Name the village of Karam Singh.
Answer:
Thathi Khara.

Question 15.
Name the brother of Karam Singh.
Answer:
Jaswant Singh.

Question 16.
Name the writer of this lesson.
Answer:
Kulwant Singh Virk.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

Question 17.
Who brought Karam Singh’s pension papers ?
Answer:
The postman.

Question 18.
Where do you find the mention of the bull bearing the burden of the earth?
Answer:
In mythical or ancient stories.

The Bull beneath the Earth Summary in English

The Bull beneath the Earth Introduction:

This story is about two friends. They were Mann Singh and Karam Singh. They were serving in the same regiment in Burma. Mann Singh visits Karam Singh’s house when he comes on leave. He finds that the members of Karam Singh’s family are very cold and formal towards him.

He is bitterly disappointed at their cold behaviour. But later on he comes to know the reason of their dry behaviour. They had got the news of their son’s death. They withhold the news of the death of their son.

The Bull beneath the Earth Summary in English:

This story is about two army men. They were Havildar Karam Singh and Naik Mann Singh. Both of them were serving in the same Regimental Centre in Burma. They were now serving together in a battalion on the Burma front. Karam Singh had joined the army earlier and was now a Havildar. Mann Singh was a Naik.

Many persons from Karam Singh’s village often enquired from his father when he would come on leave. He was a healthy and friendly character. He had a very pleasant manner of speech. People loved to sit by his side and listen to his tales of war and adventure.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

There were many young men from Karam Singh’s village in the army. But when they came on leave, they did not have many topics for talk. Karam Singh used to tell several things to the people of his village. Karam Singh was often busy talking with the people of the village. He was a good shot. In the war several Japanese were killed by his bullets.

Thus he took revenge for his serveral men killed by the Japanese in the war. While on leave in his village, Karam Singh kept up an interesting course of discussion with people of the village. This went on till midnight by the fire.

During the war gymnastics and many other things had of course been stopped. One never met anyone from one’s village or town. When Mann Singh was about to go on leave, Karam Singh felt that he should also get some leave. Then they could go on leave together. They could perhaps pass the holidays together.

But it was difficult to get leave during war days. Karam Singh belonged to a village in district Amritsar. Mann Singh belonged to Chuharkana (now in Pakistan). Amritsar was not more than fifty miles away from Mann Singh’s Chuharkana.

When Mann Singh got into the military truck to come away, Karam Singh gave him the parting message. He told Mann Singh that he must go to his village and see his people before he returned from leave.

As Mann Singh had not been to areas outside Amritsar, Karam Singh told him about the geography of his village. Karam Singh told him that there were a number of gurudwaras in the countryside of Amritsar. They were Taran Taran, Khadur Sahib and Goindwal. He could visit all of them. Then he could see his parents and members of the family. He will write to them about his visit. Mann Singh had to take a tonga to reach Karam Singh’s village.

Mann Singh reached Karam Singh’s house and introduced himself to Karam Singh’s father. Mann Singh sat on the string-bed. Karam Singh’s father looked disturbed. His eyes wandered away from Mann Singh’s face. Mann Singh’s thought this welcome rather strange. He asked the old man if he was Karam Singh’s father. He told Mann Singh that Karam Singh had written about his visit to them.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

The old man got up and walked away to the courtyard. He petted one buffalo calf and then went inside to announce Mann Singh’s arrival. He wanted tea to be sent to Mann Singh. Then he went near the mare. He put in some more gram in the chaff.

But the old man seemed lost. Mann Singh asked about Jaswant Singh. Mann Singh knew that Jaswant Singh was Karam Singh’s younger brother. He had gone outside. Then Karam Singh’s mother brought tea. Mann Singh wished ‘Sat Sri Akaľ to Karam Singh’s mother. Mann Singh said to himself that the Majhails were strange people.

Jaswant Singh came at night. The talk between the two became more informal. Mann Singh said that Karam Singh’s bullet had killed several Japanese in the war. He wanted to tell more about Karam Singh but nobody in the house was interested to listen.

Jaswant Singh then told his father that canal water will be available to them the day after tomorrow at three o’ clock in the morning. Mann Singh said that Karam Singh in the army did not have to get up early in the morning. This remark about Karam Singh failed to arouse any interest in anyone in the family.

Next, food came with several dishes for him. Jaswant Singh kept waving the fan as Mann Singh ate. He forgot the feeling that he had not been shown much attention. As he finished. food, Karam Singh’s little son walked in. He asked the child if he would like to go to his father. Mann Singh told the child that place gets a lot of rain and he would have a lot of water for playing.

Mann Singh’s words seemed to pierce the old man’s heart. He shouted that the child should be taken away. The mother came and took the child away. Mann Singh’s food stuck in his throat. Then he started making enquiries about his morning’s journey. Jaswant Singh offered to go to see off Mann Singh.

Mann Singh told Jaswant Singh that Karam Singh had won for himself a name in the army. Jaswant started talking about the sugarcane crop. Mann Singh wanted to talk about his friend. He planned his journey back to his village. He thought he would take the night train at Amritsar.

After some time the postman brought a letter containing Karam Singh’s pension papers. The postman gave the information to Mann Singh about Karam Singh’s death and the grief in the village. All shed copious tears over the news of his death. Karam Singh’s father was sorry that they had kept the news of Karam Singh’s death away from him.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

Mann Singh’s eyes ranged over the environment which formed the area. There were forts built around the villages for protection. There were tombs and monuments which had many a deathless story of heroic fights against the invaders of Bharat. That was the secret of the old man’s capacity for absorbing the shocks. He could comfortably absorb additional burdens to lighten the burden of other persons.

Mann Singh had heard that there was a bull which bore upon its head the burden of the whole earth. Karam Singh’s father was just another person who could share other people’s burdens.

The Bull beneath the Earth Summary in Hindi

The Bull beneath the Earth Introduction:

यह कहानी दो मित्रों के बारे है। उनके नाम हैं मान सिंह और कर्म सिंह । वे दोनों Burma में एक ही रैजमैन्ट में नौकरी करते थे। Mann Singh छुट्टी पर आता है और वह कर्म सिंह के गाँव में उसके घर जाता है। उसे पता चलता है कि Karam Singh के परिवार के सदस्य उसके प्रति भाव शून्य और औपचारिक हैं। वह उनके ठंडे बर्ताव को देखकर बहुत निराश हो जाता है। लेकिन बाद में उसे उनके शुष्क व्यवहार के बारे में पता चल जाता है। उन्हें अपने बेटे की मौत का समाचार मिल गया था। यह उनके बेटे कर्म सिंह का दुखान्त है। वे अपने बेटे की मौत की खबर को रोक कर रखते हैं।

The Bull beneath the Earth Summary in Hindi:

यह कहानी दो सैनिकों के बारे है। उनके नाम थे हवलदार Karam Singh और नायक Mann Singh । दोनों Burma में स्थित एक ही Regimental Centre में नियुक्त थे। अब वे दोनों एक ही Battalion में Burma front पर काम करते थे। कर्म सिंह सेना में पहले भर्ती हुआ था और अब वह हवलदार था। मान सिंह नायक था।

कर्म सिंह के गाँव के कई व्यक्ति उसके बाप से पूछा करते थे कि वह कब छुट्टी पर आयेगा । वह एक स्वस्थ आदमी और मैत्री भाव वाला पात्र था। उसके बोलचाल का ढंग बहुत ही सुहावना था। लोग उसके पास बैठना पसन्द करते थे और उसके साहसिक कार्यों और युद्ध की कहानियां सुनना पसन्द करते थे।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

कर्म सिंह के गाँव के कई नवयुवक सेना में थे। लेकिन जब वे छुट्टी पर आते थे तो उनके पास दूसरों को बताने के लिए कोई कहानियां नहीं होती थीं। कर्म सिंह अपने गांव के लोगों को कई कहानियां बताया करता था। कर्म सिंह अपने गाँव के लोगों के साथ बातें करता हुआ दिखाई देता था। वह अच्छा निशानेबाज़ था।

युद्ध में कई जापानी मारे गये थे। वे कर्म सिंह की गोलियों से मरे थे। जब कर्म सिंह अपने गाँव में छुट्टी पर आता था, तो वह अपने गाँव के लोगों से कई विषयों पर तर्क किया करता था। यह तर्क आधी रात तक चलते रहते थे और वे आग के पास बैठे रहते थे। युद्ध के दिनों में कसरत/व्यायाम और बहुत सी कई चीजें बन्द कर दी जाती थीं।

किसी सैनिक को अपने गाँव या शहर से कोई व्यक्ति नहीं मिलता था। जब मान सिंह छुट्टी पर जाने वाला था, तो कर्म सिंह को महसूस हुआ कि उसे भी छुट्टी पर जाना चाहिए। तब वे छुट्टी पर इकट्ठे जा सकते थे। तो शायद वे छुट्टी के दिन भी इकट्ठे गुजार सकते थे।

लेकिन युद्ध के दिनों में छुट्टी मिलनी बहुत कठिन थी। कर्म सिंह Amritsar के एक गाँव ठट्ठी खारा का रहने वाला था। मान सिंह चूड़काना का रहने वाला था (अब चूड़काना पाकिस्तान में है)। अमृतसर चूड़काना से 50 मील से अधिक दूरी पर नहीं था। जब मान सिंह छुट्टी पर जाने के लिए मिलिटरी ट्रक में बैठा, कर्म सिंह ने उसे विदाई के समय संदेश दिया। उसने मान सिंह को कहा कि उसे उसके गांव जरूर जाना चाहिये, वापस आने से पहले उसके घरवालों को ज़रूर मिल कर आना चाहिये।

चूँकि मान सिंह अमृतसर के बाहर किसी ग्रामीण क्षेत्र में नहीं गया था, कर्म सिंह ने उसे गाँव की Geographical position बता दी। कर्म सिंह ने मान सिंह को बताया कि अमृतसर के देहाती इलाके में कई गुरद्वारे थे। वे थे Taran Taran, खडूरसाहिब और गोइन्दवाल। वह उन सब गुरुद्वारों के दर्शन कर सकता था। फिर वह उसके पिता और परिवार के सदस्यों से मिल सकता था। वह उन्हें पत्र लिख देगा कि मान सिंह उनके घर आयेगा।

मान सिंह को टांगा में बैठकर कर्म सिंह के घर पहुंचना था। Mann Singh कर्म सिंह के घर पहुंच गया और मान सिंह के पिता को अपना परिचय दिया। Mann Singh चारपाई पर बैठ गया। कर्म सिंह का पिता कुछ परेशान सा लगता था। उसकी आँखें मान सिंह के चेहरे से हटकर कहीं और देखती रहीं।

मान सिंह ने इस स्वागत को जरा रुखा और ठंडा समझा। उसने बूढ़े आदमी को पूछा कि क्या वह कर्म सिंह का पिता था। उसने मान सिंह को बताया कि कर्म सिंह ने उनको लिखा था कि मान सिंह उनको मिलने के लिए उनके घर आयेगा।

बूढ़ा आदमी (कर्म सिंह का बाप) वहां से उठकर सेहन की ओर चला गया। उसने भैंस के बच्चे को थपकी दी और फिर वह अन्दर चला गया ताकि वह सबको बता सके कि मान सिंह आ गया है। बूढ़े बाप ने यह भी कहा कि मान सिंह को चाय पिलाई जाये। फिर बूढ़ा घोड़ी के पास गया। उसने भूसे में कुछ चने डाले। लेकिन बूढा बाप खोया-खोया नज़र आता था। मान सिंह ने जसवन्त सिंह के बारे पूछा।

मान सिंह जानता था कि जसवन्त सिंह कर्म सिंह का छोटा भाई था। वह घर से बाहर गया हुआ था। तब Karam Singh की माता चाय लेकर आई। मान सिंह ने कर्म सिंह की माता को ‘सत श्री अकाल’ कहा। फिर मान सिंह ने अपने को कहा कि मझेल (कर्म सिंह की Caste) विचित्र प्रकार के व्यक्ति थे।

जसवन्त सिंह रात को आया। दोनों के बीच बातचीत अधिक अनौपचारिक हो गई। मान सिंह ने कहा कि कर्म . सिंह की गोली से कई जापानी मारे गये थे। मान सिंह, कर्म सिंह के बारे में और बातें भी करना चाहता था लेकिन कर्म सिंह के बारे में कोई भी बात सुनने के लिए तैयार नहीं था।

जसवन्त ने तब अपने पिता को बताया कि उनको नहर का पानी परसों तीन बजे प्रातः मिलेगा। मान सिंह कहने लगा कि सेना में कर्म सिंह को प्रातः जल्दी नहीं उठना पड़ता था। कर्म सिंह के बारे इस टिप्पणी ने भी परिवार के किसी सदस्य में कर्म सिंह के बारे कोई रुचि जागृत नहीं की।

कुछ देर के बाद Mann Singh के लिए भोजन परोसा गया। इसमें कई पकवान थे। जसवन्त सिंह मान सिंह को पंखा करता रहा। अब मान सिंह इस विचार को भूल गया कि उसकी ओर इस परिवार ने विशेष ध्यान नहीं दिया। ज्यूं ही उसने भोजन कर लिया कर्म सिंह का छोटा लड़का उधर आ गया।

उसने बच्चे को पूछा क्या वह अपने पिता के पास जाना चाहेगा । उसने बच्चे से कहा कि वहां वर्षा खूब पड़ती है और वहां उसे खेलने के लिए बहुत सा पानी मिल जायेगा। मान सिंह के शब्दों ने मानो बूढ़े बाप का दिल चीर दिया। उसने चिल्ला कर कहा कि बच्चे को वहां से ले जाओ। बच्चे की मां आई और वह बच्चे को वहाँ से ले गई। मान सिंह का खाना मानो उसके गले में रुक गया हो। फिर उसने अपनी सुबह की यात्रा के बारे में पूछताछ करनी शुरू कर दी।

जसवन्त सिंह ने मान सिंह को कहा कि वह उसको इस गांव से जाने में तरनतारन तक उसके साथ जायेगा। Mann Singh ने जसवन्त सिंह को बताया कि Karam Singh ने अपने लिए सेना में बड़ा नाम कमाया था। जसवन्त सिंह ने गन्ने की फसल के बारे बात करनी शुरू कर दी। मान सिंह अपने मित्र कर्म सिंह के बारे में बात करना चाहता था। मान सिंह ने अपने गांव जाने के लिए योजना बना ली। उसने सोचा कि वह रात को अमृतसर से गाड़ी में सवार होगा। कुछ समय के बाद डाकिया एक चिट्ठी लेकर आ गया जिसमें कर्म सिंह की पैन्शन के कागज़ थे।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth

डाकिये ने मान सिंह को कर्म सिंह की मौत और गाँव में उसकी मौत पर शोक और दुःख के बारे में बताया। फिर Mann Singh ने गाँव के इर्द-गिर्द के वातावरण पर नज़र डाली। गाँव के बाहर किले बने हुए थे जो सुरक्षा देते थे। वहां पर मकबरे और स्मारक थे जिनमें भारत पर आक्रमणकारियों के हाथों शहीद हो गये बहादुरों का विवरण दिया गया था।

यह कर्म सिंह के बूढ़े पिता की असाधारण शक्ति का पता देता था जो सब सदमों को सहन करता था। मान सिंह ने सुन रखा था कि एक ऐसा बैल भी था जिसने अपने सिर पर सारी पृथ्वी का बोझ उठाया हुआ था। कर्म सिंह का बाप भी एक ऐसा ही व्यक्ति था जो कि दूसरे लोगों के दुःखों में भागीदार बन सकता था।

Word Meaninigs :

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth 1
PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 6 The Bull beneath the Earth 2

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Letters to Editor

Punjab State Board PSEB 12th Class English Book Solutions English Letter Writing Letters to Editor Exercise Questions and Answers, Notes.

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Letters to Editor

1. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper describing the insanitary conditions prevailing in your town.

17, G.T. Road,
Gobindgarh.
November 8, 20 ……..

The Editor,
The Tribune,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

Through the columns of your esteemed paper, I want to draw the attention of the municipal committee authorities to the insanitary conditions of the bazaars and streets of Gobindgarh.

Sweepers do not sweep the streets and clouds of dust rise and enter ears, noses and throats of the people. That is why all kinds of diseases are on the increase. Whenever people move out of the houses, a thick layer of dust settles on their clothes. Why are the roads not sprinkled with water ? Are the authorities waiting for the next monsoon .? There are a large number of pits in the streets where water is allowed to stand. This stagnant water is a favourite breeding place for the mosquitoes. This water should be removed and the pits should be filled with dust otherwise an epidemic will spread in the town.

It is high time that the authorities should wake up and discharge their duties efficiently in the interest of public health.

Yours truly,
Mohan Dass

Word-notes : Insanitary – स्वास्थ्य बिगाड़ने वाली, ਸਿਹਤ ਵਿਗਾਤਨ ਵਾਲੀ Sweep – झाडू लगना, ਸਾਤੂ ਦੇਟਾ Layer – तह, ਤਹਿ Pits – गड़दे, ਵੋਏ Stagnant – standing. Epidemic – छूत की बीमारी, ਵੂਤੇ ਚੀ ਬਿਮਾਰੀ High time – proper time.

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Letters to Editor

2. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper commenting on the rise in prices.

43, Railway Colony,
Amritsar.
May 4, 20……

To
The Editor,
The Indian Express,
New Delhi.
Sir,

I shall feel grateful to you if you publish the following few lines in your esteemed paper.

The rise in prices of essential articles has crushed every heart and living has become very costly these days. The labourers, middle class persons and the salaried people are groaning under their burden. The purchasing power of the rupee is fast sinking. The prices of the essential articles are rising sky high. The housewife finds it extremely difficult to manage the family budget. A vast majority of people in our country find it difficult to make their both ends meet. In certain families, people go without food at night. Milk has become a luxury. Fruit is no longer a part of our diet. The general health of the children in our country is suffering a setback.

It is high time that the government should take efficient steps to control the prices as early as possible. It should punish the black-marketeers and profiteers. Price-lists of all goods should be displayed at all shopping centres. A person who charges a higher rate should be severely punished. Both customers and shopkeepers should be punished for buying and selling things at higher prices. The rise in prices must be checked. At least the prices of essential articles of daily use must be brought down to a very reasonable level.

Yours truly,
Renuka

Word-notes : Groaning – crying. Sinking – decreasing. Displayed – put for show. Essential – अनिवार्य, ਜ਼ਰੂਰੀ.

3. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper about the need of parks and gardens in different localities of your city.

13, Kartar Singh Sarabha Nagar,
Ludhiana.
April 25, 20…….

To
The Editor,
The Tribune,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

I shall feel highly obliged if you publish the following few lines in your esteemed daily.

It is well-known to authorities that Ludhiana has become a very crowded and congested city. Population of the town is increasing very rapidly. Bihari labourers are living in wretched conditions. Open fields and beautiful gardens have been replaced by residential houses and shanties. Most streets of the city have grown into slums. Some congested houses do not get sunlight. Parks are needed for providing fresh air to the people. It is rightly remarked that parks and gardens are the lungs of a city.

They give us pure and fresh air and thus keep our body healthy. The young and the old, women and children can take exercise and relax in these parks and gardens. The city dwellers will really have a sense of relief as they will be relieved from their prison-houses for some time. It is, therefore, requested that the authorities should seriously consider this aspect, and provide public parks in those parts of the city which are very badly congested.
Thanking you,

Yours faithfully,
Surinder Kaur

Word-notes : Shanties – झोंपड़ियां, ਲੋਂਗੀਆ Congested – भीड़ वाला, ਭੀਤ ਭਰਿਆ

4. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper on evils of street-begging.

H-222, Sarojini Nagar,
Jalandhar.
May 27, 20 ……….

To
The Editor,
The Tribune,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

Through your esteemed paper, I wish to draw the attention of the authorities and the public to the evils of street-begging in our country.

Street-begging is a regular nuisance. It is a blot on the fair name of our country. Begging is an evil. But in India, it has become an organised profession. Almost at every step you are greeted by a beggar. Beggars gather round you in buses, in trains, in the bazaars and near the places of worship. Our national prestige suffers a good deal when beggars greet foreigners at every turn of the road.

Unfortunately, in our country giving alms is believed to be a part of religion. The most painful thing is that most of these beggars are able-bodied. They can do manual labour, if they so desire. But they find it more easy to live on other people’s hard-earned money. This easy- got money, they spend on drinking and gambling. Then the tragedy is that these beggars encourage even their children to beg. Thus, this so-called charity leads to so many vices.

The need of the hour is that this social evil must be put to an end. Healthy beggars should be made to work. The disabled, the crippled and the blind beggars, however, should be maintained at the state expense. They should be kept in some suitable buildings outside the city where they should be fed at Government expense. Not only begging should be declared illegal by an Act of Parliament but public opinion should also be educated against it. Those who give alms to the strong and able-bodied men and women and children should be punished.

Yours truly,
Ashok Kumar

Word-notes : Nuisance – a harmful thing. Blot – ugly mark. Prestige – honour, Alms – ਭਿਖਿਆ , भिक्षा Charity – ਦਨ, दान, Manual – physical. Vices – evils. Public opinion – ਲੋਗਸਤ , लोकमत.

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Letters to Editor

5. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper complaining against reckless driving.

833, Ummatan Mohalla,
Nawanshahar.
July 6, 20…….

To
The Editor,
The Tribune,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

I shall feel grateful if you allow me some space in your esteemed paper. I want to draw the attention of the authorities concerned towards reckless driving in Nawanshahar.

This city has wide roads and chances of accidents are comparatively few here. But probably, this very fact encourages reckless driving. It has become a fashion. Motor-drivers drive at a terrific speed. Trucks carrying sand, stones or bricks are seen moving at a very fast speed. Cars pass by you whizzing even at turnings. Young college boys drive motor cycles and scooters without caring for their own or anybody else’s life. It is a positive danger to school-going children, to old men and women who cannot cross the road quickly.

This rash driving is a regular nuisance and is responsible for fatal accidents which take place daily. Not a single day passes when we do not hear of some accident. Only yesterday, a young man who was on the left side was run over by a motor cycle. The motor-cycle driver drove away at such a great speed that nobody could even take down the number of his motor cycle. Speed limits are not strictly enforced. Many a time the defaulters bribe the policeman on duty and get off.

The dire need is that a speed limit should be fixed and the offenders be severely dealt with.

Yours truly,
Rajesh Khanna

Word-notes : Reckless – rash. Terrific speed – great speed. Fatal – that which results in death. Dire – great. Offenders – defaulters.

6. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper complaining against the use of loudspeakers at night.

14, Model Town,
Ludhiana.
March 1, 20….

To
The Editor,
The Tribune,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

I shall be’thankful to you if you publish this letter in your esteemed paper.
The loudspeaker, like most of the inventions of science, is both a blessing and a curse. It is useful at a public meeting. Its use as a handy instrument for commercial propaganda can be tolerated during the day. But its use at night is intolerable. It causes a lot of inconvenience to the sick people. They cannot relax peacefully.

Some people and institutions use the loudspeaker at night as well as in the early hours of the morning. Their noise makes it difficult for one to study or to do any serious work in one’s home. The examinations are fast approaching. It will be greatly appreciated if the use of loudspeakers is banned after 8.30 p.m.
Thanking you,

Yours truly,
Dharmendra

Word-notes : Commercial – business. Approaching – coming near. Banned – forbidden.

7. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper criticising the evil of drinking.

202, Urban Estate,
Phagwara.
January 22, 20 …………

To
The Editor,
The Indian Express,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

Through your correspondence columns I like to draw the attention of the public towards a great social evil. This is the evil of drinking. It has become very common these days. The number of wine addicts is on the increase. People begin drinking in small doses. In course of time, they become hardened drunkards.

Drinking wine is harmful for the mental and physical growth of a person. In some cases, it leads to the financial ruin of the drunkard. Under the influence of wine, men begin to behave like beasts and animals. Wine leads to crime. Robberies, rapes and murders are often committed under the influence of drink. Excessive drinking ruins a mans health.

A drunkard begins to spend too much money on wine. The family depending on a drunkard begins to suffer. A drunkard cannot give proper education to his children for lack of money. The members of his family have to go without basic facilities of a comfortable life. Thus wine drinking weakens a society financially and morally. We should try to discourage the use of wine from our society.

Yours truly,
Subhash Kapoor

8. Write a letter to the editor of a daily newspaper complaining of open manholes near a children school.

12/3, Hari Nagar,
Hoshiarpur.
December 15, 20……

To
The Editor,
The Tribune,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

Recently we have had a series of accidents in our locality due to the manholes. In the nights and during the rainy season, when visibility is poor, there have been many cases of elderly people stumbling over these manholes. The other day, a lady did stumble over a manhole but luckily escaped from getting seriously hurt. As there is a children’s school nearby, we are in constant fear that a child may slip and fall into a manhole. When it rains, the road is flooded, as is the case with the other roads, and the open manholes are a death trap to the unwary and the playful children.

The streets are not well-lit and often the manhole covers are stolen. The hazards caused by open manholes are too dangerous for any citizen to keep quiet in the matter.

Will the authorities concerned either devise manhole covers which do not attract thieves or pay prompt attention by sending the officials concerned regularly to check and ensure ‘ that these death traps are promptly covered ? Otherwise, it will be only a question of time before serious accidents occur involving loss of lives of innocent children.

Yours faithfully,
Ravinder

9. Write a letter to a daily newspaper complaining of eve-teasing near the bus-stops.

11-B,
Harbans Nagar,
Jalandhar.
April 15, 20…….

To
The Editor,
The Tribune,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

I shall be thankful if you kindly allow me the hospitality of your esteemed columns to air my views on eve-teasing near the bus-stops.

I am at pains to report the irresponsible behaviour of youths and even some middle-aged gentlemen, near our bus-stops. Not only do we have to put up with obscene posters, but also have to see our young women harassed and teased while they wait for a bus.

The other day, two young ladies were standing at a distance from the bus-stop, obviously to avoid these roadside Romeos. As soon as the bus came, they started running to get into the already over-crowded bus. These ’Romeos’ who were standing nearby, made such vulgar comments about them, that I, a sixty-five year old man, had to blush and close my ears.

These incidents have become quite common. I wish to suggest that the Mahila Samaj should post a voluntary welfare worker near these bus-stops during the rush-hours and, if necessary, take the help of the women police also. Unless this menace is curbed, our young girls and women coming from sheltered background, will get intimidated and might, in due course, refuse to do even their ordinary daily shopping. Instead of helping the cause of emancipation of women, we seem to be going back to the Dark Ages by tolerating the unseemly behaviour of these men and their like who indulge in eve-teasing.

Kindly take such steps as are possible to put an end to such acts of intimidation of women, which alone can help preserve our rich traditions and culture which have always held our women in deep reverence.

Yours faithfully,
Raman Kapoor

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Letters to Editor

10. Write a letter to the Editor of a daily newspaper expressing your views criticising some of the unhygienic habits of Indians such as urinating and spitting at the public places.

141, Civil Lines,
Ludhiana.
June 24, 20 ……..

To
The Editor,
The Indian Express,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

I shall be thankful if you kindly let me express my views about some of the unhygienic habits of our countrymen at all the public places.

People in our country keep on spitting afid urinating at all the public places. Spitting in public places is not just disgusting, it is extremely damaging for the public health. Diseases like tuberculosis (TB) are likely to spread in a society that tolerates them than in those that do not. India is the country with the largest number of TB cases in the world. We should take our cue from the Mumbai Municipal Corporation which has started imposing fines on those individuals who spit at the public places. Tuberculosis which is spread by spitting coughing, caused nearly 10,000 deaths in Mumbai last year.

There are various cleanliness and sanitation bylaws. Under these we can find defaulters/ offenders. Spitting in public calls for a rupee 50 fine, as also urinating. Sometimes people are seen defecating in parks and gardens. Another unhygienic habit of Indians is the habit of chewing pan, tobacco or pan masala, all of which requires spitting.

This leads to spraying of saliva in the public places. Sometimes rich people spit out a huge gob of pan by rolling down the windows of their cars. Some cleanliness drive must be launched in cities and towns and people should be warned against spitting and urinating in public places.

Yours trully,
Neeru Bajwa

11. Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper pointing out the growing incidence of drug menace in India.

72, Canal Park,
Dhariwal.
April 22, 20 ………

To
The Editor,
The Indian Express,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

Kindly allow me to express through columns of your esteemed paper my views about the growing incidence of drug menace in the country.

Drug addiction is a major social evil of modern times. Drugs are used by certain persons, to experience a floating sensation, feeling ease and relaxation. The use of drugs means physical dependence upon a drug. This includes the development of tolerance and withdrawal. An addict who develops tolerance requires more and more of the drug to take him to the world of fantasies. The habit of drug taking occurs at school, college and university or at a trip or at some social gatherings.

Youngsters who are very very shy, have emotional problems, inferiority complex and lack of strength and stamina. They fall easy victims to this habit. Lack of parental care and supervision, lack of religious and moral education, media and pop culture, hatred for authority, broken homes and truancy lead to the use of drugs. Drug addicts use narcotics such as heroin, smack, morphine and stimulants like cocaine and depressants.

Addiction to drugs is looming large as a social problem evading all solutions. In India, drug addiction is increasing. Intoxicating drugs are very harmful for health. The government has taken a number of steps to check the growing menace. The basic factor responsible for proneness to drugs is the sickening, emotional and psychological surroundings that leave the victim with no other option than to seek momentary escape from the mental tension. If the young ones are assured of proper love and care, these problems will not arise.

Yours truly,
Kulbhushan

12. Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper expressing your views against drunken driving.

15, The Mall,
Hoshiarpur.
March 20, 20……..

To
The Editor,
The Tribune,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

Kindly permit me to express my views about drunken driving on our roads in the columns of your newspaper.

We often hear it said that we should not drink and drive. But not many drivers or people on the wheels follow this advice. It is reported that more than 86,000 drunken driving accidents occur everyday across India. The absence of a compulsory alcohol test makes it difficult to get an exact figure. The number of such accidents is increasing. There is no law against drunken driving in the country. Under the old act of 1856, a drunken driver is charged with only a fine of Rs 2000 or imprisonment for six months and Rs 3000 or imprisonment for two years if found guilty a second time.

Laws against drunken driving should be made more stringent. Parties of drunken youngsters should be checked. They should be sent to jail for at least two weeks as measure to deter others from drunken driving. In Canada, a person driving under the influence of alcohol is barred from the roads and is also jailed. Stiffer penalties and fine should be imposed on those who are found guilty of drunken driving. Laws have to be made stiffer to act as a deterrent. The rich people should not be let off mildly if they are found guilty of drunken driving.

Yours truly,
Neeru Bajwa

13. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper expressing your views about underage driving of cars on the roads of Punjab cities.

25, Model Town,
Ludhiana.
October 22, 20 ………

To
The Editor,
The Tribune,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

Kindly allow me to express my views against the underage driving in the readers’ columns of your newspaper.

There are many vehicles on the roads nowadays. Fond parents indulge their underage or minor children to drive the cars. They take pride in seeing their minor children driving their cars. They are generally the kids of rich people driving cars without licences. According to reports published in newspapers, about 2097 minors were prosecuted in 2011. The number of challans issued last year registered a 16% increase over 2014. With the rise in the number of vehicles and an increased exposure to the outside world, it is feared that more and more children will want to drive. Principals of schools should advise children not to drive vehicles belonging to their parents when they are below eighteen. It might be a good idea for Principals to talk to parents.

A minor driving should be made to pay a fine of Rs 1000/- and Rs 500/- in case of motor-bike or scooter. The owner of the car whose car is driven by a minor should be made to pay Rs 1500/- as fine and he should be kept in jail for three days. Such a measure must be implemented because minors are often responsible for rash driving and accidents.

Yours truly,
Kamini Bajwa

14. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper expressing your views about lavish spending on marriages and other social events.

113, Tagore Nagar,
Hoshiarpur.
April 24, 20 ……….

To
The Editor,
The Indian Express,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

I shall be thankful if you kindly allow me to express my views regarding lavish and wasteful spending on marriages and other social events.

It is felt by most right thinking people that marriages and other social functions should be made frugal affairs. The number of dishes served at weddings should be restricted. They should not be allowed to exceed five or six. We should take our cue from Pakistan where only one dish is allowed at marriages and social gatherings. Marriages should not become event- filled as some have become. Ceremonies like mehndi, sangeet, cocktail parties and receptions should be clubbed into one or two. The number of guests or baratis should also be fixed and no violation should be tolerated.

The rich people may be able to spend a lot of money on these events. There is a lot of heart burning among those who cannot afford to spend so much on these functions. An awareness campaign should be launched by spirited social workers to advise the people to make marriages and other social functions frugal matters.

There are many people living under the poverty line in the country. By spending lavishly on marriages and other social events, we give the impression that we have no sympathy for their misery. We should try to reduce the misery of the poor people by making marriages and other social events simple affairs.

Yours truly,
Namrata Mann

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Letters to Editor

15. Write a letter to the editor of a daily newspaper criticising the raising of age limit for consensual sex from 16 to 18 years.

15, Civil Lines,
Hoshiarpur.
May, 23, 20……….

To
The Editor,
The Tribune,
Chandigarh.

Kindly allow me to express my views about the raising of age limit for consensual sex from 16 to 18 years.

I understand that the worthy law-makers of our country are contemplating raising the age limit for consensual sex from 16 to 18 years for growing boys and girls. Even some of the courts and lawyers have expressed their views about this raising of age limit. They argue that with the advent of cable television, internet and rapid changes in biological factors, children are getting exposed to knowledge about sex and marital relations at an early age.

This results in boys and girls of young age being smitten with cupid at an early age before they attain majority or reach the zone of socially acceptable behaviour of responsibility. Parents are always opposed to such alliances between boys and girls. And the boys and girls in certain cases resort to elopement.

It is observed that even boys in some cases become victims as they do not understand the consequences of their actions and are sometimes lured by the girl. Such cases should act as an eye-opener for the worthy law-makers of our country. They should try to understand that gone are the days when a child of 16 to 17 years of age was ignorant about sex. Law-makers must have second thoughts before fixing the age of consensual sex.

Yours truly,
Unmukt Malhotra.

16. Write a letter to the editor of a daily newspaper pointing out some of the advantages and disadvantages of using mobile phones.

12, Basti Tankan Wali,
Ferozepur.
May 23, 20……..

To
The Editor,
The Tribune,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

Kindly allow me to express my views about the advantages and disadvantages of using mobile phones very frequently.

It is true that mobile phones have several advantages. There are disadvantages and demerits as well. It is undoubtedly correct that mobile phones are playing a vital role in every aspect of our life. Many users pass their leisure by playing games or watching songs and movies on mobile phones and having long chats with their friends. But there are some demerits as well.

Most of the economies of several countries are under depression due to several reasons and frequent use of mobile phone is one of them. Mobile phone is destroying our emerging students because of its unproductive use and this is a big drain on every economy. Teenage students spend most of their time by keeping themselves busy in messaging and music. They use mobile phones during school timings. Young students become intimate through mobile phones. They start taking pictures of each other. Then they try to blackmail each other leading to so many moral and social complications.

The mobile radiation is a health hazard. Mobile phones use electromagnetic radiation which may be harmful to human health. Recendy WH.O. confirmed that mobile phone may represent a long term health risk. It was said that mobile phone radiation is a carcinogenic health risk. Heavy users of mobile phones can have a risk of brain cancer. We should take practical steps to reduce exposure to radiation. We should reduce the number of calls. The wise approach is to follow the precautionary principle of reducing the exposure as best as we can.

Yours truly,
Narendra

17. Write a letter to the editor of a daily newspaper, emphasising the need for moral values in our curriculum (the group of subjects studied in a school, college, etc.).

To
The Editor,
The Indian Express,
Chandigarh,
Sir,

Kindly allow me to express my views in the correspondence columns of your newspaper. It is lamented by all right thinking people that the modern society is suffering from a moral vacuum. There is no place for moral values in our society. In olden days religious and moral values were highly valued. They were the basis of Indian culture. We took pride in valuing them. But the modern society has left all the moral values under the bad influence of materialism. Most of the social ills in our society are there because morality has been divorced from life. It has been thrown in the background.

There is an urgent need for re-building our society on moral values. For this purpose, we should introduce moral education as a necessary part of our syllabus in each subject. It is not that we should preach dogmatism or communalism. We should try to inject moral values in the minds of students. Students should be taught the value of truth, honesty, justice, good moral character, brotherhood and love for our fellow-men.

Corrupt practices, as are prevalent in our society, should be brought to the notice of our students. There should be lectures on moral values in all classes. Some weightage should be given to such subjects in each question paper. This could go a long way in inspiring our students to assimilate some of the moral values.

Yours truly,
Preeti Mann

18. Write a letter to the editor of a daily newspaper expressing your views about vulgarity in Punjabi songs.

212, Urban Estate,
Khanna.
July 15, 20 …….

To
The Editor,
The Indian Express,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

Kindly allow me to express my views about vulgarity in Punjabi songs through the correspondence columns of your newspaper.
All well-wishers of Punjab and Punjabi culture feel that Punjabi songs being heard in Punjab’s homes, villages, towns and public places are vulgar and lewd. They cater to a low taste. They glorify drinking, drugs and violence. They do not encourage good values of life. One feels embarrassed while listening to such songs. Punjabis say that Punjabi music became vulgar with Hey Jamah. It allowed to trigger vulgarity. It might be difficult to check the spread of vulgarity as this has become the vogue. Government should try to induct refinement and decency in the cultural fare by Punjabi singers. Song writers should be directed to give some refinement in their songs.

Yours truly,
Rani Ahuja

PSEB 12th Class English Letter Writing Letters to Editor

19. Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper expressing your views about the evil of aduleration in most of the eatables and domestic needs of daily use.

120, Jhoolna Mahal,
Gurdaspur,
May 21, 20………

To
The Editor,
The Indian Express,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

Kindly allow me to express my views about adulteration practised by sellers of food stuffs and eatables through this letter in your newspaper.
Adulteration of eatables and daily needs of people are easy targets in our country. Adulteration means making a commodity inferior in quality by mixing it with something inferior.

It enables a man to earn a fast buck. Like corruption, adulteration has come to stay because of an unholy nexus between the merchants, officials and politicians. We have a law against adulteration but it is rarely enforced. Many precious lives are lost because of the greed of adulterators. Illicit wine takes the lives of many people every year in different states of the country. There is hardly any item in the Indian market which is not adulterated. Research has shown that even fruits, vegetables and cereals, pulses sold in the market contain high levels of toxic metals like lead, nickel and chromium.

Chemicals are used to make vegetables look greener. It is shameful that our Health Ministry is sleeping. Some strong steps need to be taken so that adulterators get deterrent punishment immediately after the crime. TV tells us that day after day milk, ghee, medicines, khoya, paneer, fruits and vegetables are adulterated in one way or another. Health Ministry should recommend immediate punishment for this crime.

Yours truly,
Raj Chibber

PSEB 12th Class English Application Writing

Punjab State Board PSEB 12th Class English Book Solutions English Application Writing Exercise Questions and Answers, Notes.

PSEB 12th Class English Application Writing

1. Write an application to the Secretary, Board of Secondary Education, S.A.S. Nagar, Mohali, asking for a duplicate copy of your marks sheet.

To
The Secretary,
Board of Secondary Education,
S.A.S. Nagar, Mohali.
Sir,

With due respect I beg to state that I passed my secondary examination in 20…. I was a regular student on the rolls of D.A.V. Senior Secondary School, Jalandhar. My roll number was 87316. I got first division by securing 66 per cent marks. Unfortunately, I have lost the original marks sheet. I am in need of a duplicate copy of marks sheet.

I am enclosing a postal order for Rs 25/- as the fee for issuance of a duplicate marks sheet. Kindly send the duplicate copy of my marks sheet at the earliest.
Date : May 14, 20 …….

Yours faithfully,
Harbans Singh
H.No. 221-A,
Kajori Mohalla,
Jalandhar.

PSEB 12th Class English Application Writing

2. The Punjab School Education Board has entered your name wrongly on your certificate. Write an application to the Secretary of the Board giving your correct name and requesting him to make necessary changes in the Board records.

333, Jhoolna Mahal,
Gurdaspur.
June 23, 20……

To
The Secretary,
The Punjab School Education Board,
S.A.S. Nagar, Mohali.
Sir,

With due respect I like to bring the following facts to your kind notice for prompt action.

I, Raminder Singh Bajwa, son of S. Krishan Singh Bajwa, resident of Gurdaspur qualified my Matriculation Examination in March 2002. I appeared under roll number 233222. I wrote my name correctly in the admission form. I regret to bring to your kind notice that my name has been wrongly registered as Rajinder Singh in place of Raminder Singh Bajwa in the certificate issued to me. This has involved me in unnecessary and unavoidable correspondence with the Board authorities. Your office clerks insist on writing my name as Rajinder Singh Bajwa as they do not like to take the trouble of correcting their own error. For this lapse and negligence of the Board clerks, I have failed to get my matriculation certificate in my correct name.

I am enclosing an affidavit affirming that I am Raminder Singh Bajwa and not Rajinder Singh Bajwa. You are requested to personally look into the matter and get the error corrected. You are also requested to arrange to issue a fresh certificate with my correct name as Raminder Singh Bajwa.
Thanking you,

Yours faithfully,
Raminder Singh Bajwa

3. Write a letter/application to D.C. of your district requesting him to open a dispensary in your town.

To
The Deputy Commissioner,
Gurdaspur.
Sir,

We, the residents of Fatehgarh Churian, Tehsil Batala, lay down the following for your kind perusal and prompt action.

Fatehgarh Churian is a small town situated at a distance of about 15 kilometres from Batala and 25 kilometres from Gurdaspur. It is a growing town and its present population is about ten thousand people. It has no government hospital or dispensary worth the name. In case of an emergency, the. residents of the town have to go to Gurdaspur or Batala for hospitalisation. It becomes very difficult to provide first aid to a needy person. Recently, five women and three children who had been suffering from cholera died for want of medical attention.

We, the residents of the town, shall be grateful to you if you kindly arrange to open a dispensary. A town-dweller who has settled in Canada has agreed to pay the price of two acres of land and the cost of the construction of the building.

Thanking you in anticipation,

Yours faithfully,
Naresh Malik
and ten others,
Fatehgarh Churian.

4. Write a letter/application to the Postmaster of your town for the change of address.

12, Model Town,
Jalandhar City.
April 18, 20….

To
The Postmaster,
Central Town,
Jalandhar.
Sir,

I want to bring to your kind notice that I have shifted my residence from K-44, Central Town to 12-Model Town.

I had to shift my belongings in a hurry. I could not inform my friends and relatives. It is possible that some of my letters might be written at the previous address. It is, therefore, requested that my letters may kindly be redirected on my new address. Thanking you,

Yours faithfully,
Rajesh Kumar

5. Write a letter to the Postmaster General for providing a post office in your village.

Village Sanghar,
P.O. Dhariwal,
District Gurdaspur.
May 15, 20 ……..

To
The Postmaster General,
Ambala.
Sir,

I, on behalf of the inhabitants of village Sanghar, would like to bring to your kind notice that there is no post office in our village which is growing everyday.

The villagers have to face many hardships because there is no post office within a radius of three kilometres. This village has a number of young men working in the defence services. Villagers have to go a long way for sending their telegrams, parcels and letters. Moreover, sometimes the most urgent messages and telegrams do not reach our village in time. The result is that villagers are put to a lot of inconvenience and hardship.

Under such circumstances, it becomes imperative to open a post office in our village. I, therefore, request you earnestly to provide a post office in our village. We are ready to donate land for the post office building.

Thanking you,

Yours faithfully,
Sarpanch,Village Sanghar,
Post Office Dhariwal,
District Gurdaspur

6. You are Ramnik Singh. Write an application to the Manager of a firm for the post of a clerk.

22, Putli Ghar,
Amritsar.
April 22, 20 ………

To
The Manager,
Bird and Company, Amritsar.
Sir,

This is in response to your advertisement in ‘The Tribune’ dated 24th March, 20…… for the post of a clerk in your office. I beg to offer myself as a candidate for the same. As regards my qualifications, they are detailed below:

I passed my B.A. I examination in 20…….. as a regular student of D.A.V. College, Jalandhar in the second division. Then I joined a commercial college where I learnt both typewriting and shorthand. I can type in English, Hindi and Punjabi. My speed in shorthand is 80 w.p.m. My speed in typewriting in three languages is 50 w.p.m. I have been working as a clerk for the last two years. I am well-conversant with other official works and can speak English, Hindi and Punjabi fluently.

I am still in the service of the same firm. I seek better prospects which my present employer, with his limited business, cannot supply. He has no objection to my seeking a better job somewhere else.

I am a hardworking young man with a sound body and good experience. I enclose a certificate from my present employer about my character, experience and ability. Should you appoint me to the post, it would be my sincerest effort to give you every satisfaction.

Yours faithfully,
Ramnik Singh

PSEB 12th Class English Application Writing

7. Imagine you are Rohan. Write a letter to the Secretary, the Punjab School Education Board, Mohali requesting him to declare your result.

22, Urban Estate,
Batala.
March 29, 20…….

To
The Secretary,
The Punjab School Education Board,
Mohali.
Sir,

With due respect I beg to say that I appeared in the 10 + 2 examination of the Punjab School Education Board in March 20 ……. with roll number 231212 as a regular student of Government College, Gurdaspur. Even after the passing of a year, my result has not been declared. In the absence of the result I could not get admission in any of the educational institutions. I have suffered because of the failure of the Board to declare my result. This is despite the fact that I wrote three registered letters on the subject.

Kindly do me the favour of declaring my result without further delay. Thanking you in anticipation,

Yours faithfully,
Rohan

8. Write a letter/application to the Postmaster General, concerning a lost money order.

15, Netaji Road,
Amritsar.
25th August, 20……

To
The Postmaster General,
Ambala.
Sir,

About a month ago, I sent a money order for Rs 200 to my brother Dr. R. L. Kapoor, 15-Park Road, Jodhpore. This should ordinarily have reached him by September 1st at the latest. But so far he has not received it. I have made enquiries several times at the local post office, where I booked the money order, but they are unable to tell me what has become of it.

I have been highly inconvenienced through what appears to be the carelessness of the postal authorities. I should be much obliged if you look into the matter immediately. The number of the money order receipt is 1221; it is dated Sept. 1, 20 …….. and stamped Amritsar, P.O.

Yours faithfully,
Gunwant Singh

9. Write a letter to the Postmaster requesting him to enquire why a parcel sent to you has not been delivered as yet.

124, Model Town,
Gurdaspur.
June 10, 20…….

To
The Postmaster,
Gurdaspur.
Sir,

I want to bring to your notice the non-delivery of a parcel of books to me.

M/s Shyam Lai and Co., New Delhi, sent me a parcel of books on 4th April. It was posted at Chanakyapuri Post Office. It was a registered parcel bearing Registration No. 01396. It was to be delivered to me by the 9th of April. But even after a lapse of almost two months the parcel has not been delivered to me. It contained some very important books which I had ordered because I am preparing for the ensuing UPSC exam. The delay has upset all my plans and will certainly affect my career badly.

I request you to trace the parcel and deliver it to me as early as possible.
Expecting an early action.

Yours faithfully,
Rakesh Puri

10. Write a letter/application to the Commissioner of Jalandhar Division requesting him to get a sports stadium built at Gurdaspur.

110, Jail Road,
Gurdaspur.
June 20, 20 ……

To
The Commissioner,
Jalandhar Division,
Jalandhar.
Sir,

I like to bring to your notice that ours is a growing town with several facilities. The only thing lacking here is a sports stadium.

The residents of this town feel that we should have a sports stadium. The reason for this is simple. The state wrestling championship has been won by a wrestler from this town. Even at the district level wrestling competition, the wrestlers of Gurdaspur have done very well. Besides, we have several district and state level athletes. Nitish Kumar and Harjinder Singh represented the state at a swimming competition. Some of the first class sportsmen have joined the Navy and the Indian army. Some of the girls have also distinguished themselves in some of the disciplines.
A rich landlord has agreed to donate three acres of land for the purpose.

I also know that you are a lover of sports. I am sure that you would leave no stone unturned to give a practical shape to this proposal.

Yours faithfully,
Makhan Singh and ten other sports lovers.

11. Write a letter to the President of the Municipal Committee of your town about the unsatisfactory position of street lighting on the streets and lanes of your town.

202, Murgai Mohalla,
Dinanagar.
July 25, 20…….

To
The President,
Municipal Committee,
Dinanagar.
Sir,

With due respect, I like to bring to your kind notice the extremely unsatisfactory position of street lighting in the narrow lanes and streets of Murgai Mohalla.

Murgai Mohalla is a neglected area so far as street lighting is concerned. As night falls, people are put to a lot of inconvenience because of absence of tubes and lights on the poles meant for that purpose. Absence of street lighting encourages anti-social people. The instances of eve-teasing are on the increase. Young women and girls who happen to return home soon after sunset are victims of molestation and groping. Rowdies take advantage of the prevailing darkness.

Petty thefts are also on the increase. On two or three occasions, two old women fractured their legs as they fell into some of the pits in the lanes. It is impossible to go out of one’s home even in an emergency because of the pitch dark streets. We brought the matter to the notice of the local Municipal Commissioner who promised to do something. Unfortunately he is lying in a hospital at Amritsar. You are requested to see the situation for yourself and get adequate tubes and bulbs fitted in the area.

Yours faithfully.
Chetan Rathore

PSEB 12th Class English Application Writing

12. Write a letter to the Director, Doordarshan Kendra, suggesting some improvements in the TV Programmes.

18, Chopra House,
Gali Khazanchian,
Kapurthala.
May 28, 20……..

To
The Director,
Doordarshan Kendra,
Jalandhar.
Sir,

I wish to draw your attention to the deteriorating quality of television programmes telecast from your Kendra. They are cheap, dull, boring and not at all entertaining or informative. They do not cater to the needs of youth and housewives.

Most of the programmes are meant for the rural people who do not have any inclination to watch such dull and boring programmes.

The Kendra should start some programmes to attract young men and women who have some artistic genius in them. They should be. given opportunities to show their talent.

Even the plays telecast from your Kendra are sub-standard. They have no originality about them. The incharge of your plays should be asked to monitor plays telecast from Pakistan Television. They are realistic and have the human element in them. The plays telecast by Jalandhar Doordarshan are of a very poor quality. They hardly have any theme. Your station.must take the cue from PTV.

There must be a programme on general awareness for the benefit of those Punjab students who want to have a career outside the state. Some quiz programmes should be telecast. Young men and women with better performance should be encouraged through prizes.

A panel of distinguished artists, singers and educationists should be asked to monitor the quality of programmes from your station. I think these measures will go a long way in improving the programmes telecast by your Kendra.

Yours faithfully,
Akanksha Chopra

13. Suppose you are Sandeep. Write a letter to the Postmaster of your town complaining against the irregular delivery of your letters.

222, Urban Estate,
Jalandhar.
July 22, 20 ………..

To
The Postmaster,
Jalandhar.
Dear Sir,

I regret to bring to your kind notice that the delivery of letters in our area is very very irregular. The postman, Mr. Joginder Singh, is not performing his duty properly. He is very careless in delivering the letters. He is irregular also. On some Saturdays he does not deliver the letters. On days before other holidays, he fails to deliver the letters.

Sometimes he hands over letters to children asking them to deliver them to the addresses. His attitude to his duty is casual and irresponsible. This careless approach to duty often leads to the loss of some important letters. If urgent letters are not delivered in time, they cannot be responded to in time. I have warned him on several occasions but he does not seem to be bothered.

He is very rude, hie does not know how to respond politely to the people. You are requested to ask for his explanation about his irresponsible and casual attitude to the delivery of letters. It would be appreciated if he is suspended or warned to mend himself.

Yours faithfully,
Sandeep

Applications for Different Jobs

14. Write an application for the post of a teacher in a school.

12, Canal Park,
Dhariwal.
April 15, 20 …….

To
The Principal,
Khalsa Higher Secondary School,
Burj Sahib (Dhariwal).
Sir,

With reference to your advertisement in the ‘Daily Tribune’ of April 14, 20……. for the post of a science teacher in your school, I beg to offer myself as a candidate for the post.

As regards my qualifications, I may state that I passed the B.Sc. (Non-medical) from the G.N.D.U. as a regular student of Baring Union Christian College, Batala in 20…. securing 65% marks in the first division. Thereafter, I did my B.Ed. training from the Janata Teachers Training College, Nakodar in first division in the year 20…. At present, I am working as a science teacher in a village high school.

I have a special aptitude for teaching. During my college days, I took keen interest in extra-curricular activities. I was a member of the College Dramatic Society and also an active member of the College Music Club.

I can teach very proficiently. A testimonial from my present Principal speaks volumes for my ability and performance. If I am given a chance to serve in your school, I promise to give a good account of myself as a science teacher.
Thanking you,

Yours faithfully,
Raj an Tandon

15. Write an application to your Principal requesting him to condone your deficiency/ shortage in lectures. Give reasons.

To
The Principal,
Baring Union Christian College,
Batala.
Sir,

With due respect I beg to state that I am a student of + 2 class of your college. During the month of November, I fell seriously ill and was admitted in a local nursing home for treatment. I had to remain in the nursing home for four weeks. So, I could not attend my classes. As a result, I have fallen short of the required percentage of lectures to be eligible to appear in the annual examination. I may add that I did very well in my September House Examination. I secured more than 65% marks in all the subjects. I am sure that I shall do very well in my final examination also. Kindly condone my shortage of lectures and enable me to appear in the final examination.
Thanking you,

Yours faithfully,
Swaroop Krishan Bhalla
Roll No : 1202
10 + 2

Dated : March 10, 20……

PSEB 12th Class English Application Writing

16. Write an application to the Principal of your school / college for remission of fine.

To
The Principal,
A.B. College,
Pathankot.
Sir,

Most respectfully I beg to state that I have been fined Rs 100 for reaching the college late on three consecutive days. I request you to remit the fine as I got late due to unavoidable circumstances.

My mother met with an accident. I had to take her to a local nursing home. For the three days on which I got late, there was none at home to take her to the nursing home. Hence it was not possible for me to neglect the treatment of my mother. To support my reason, I am enclosing a certificate from the doctor that I used to bring my mother to the clinic for treatment at 10 o’ clock in the morning for the three days in question.

I have placed the facts before you. I was late no doubt, but I was helpless. So, I request you to remit my fine. I shall be thankful to you for this act of kindness.

Yours faithfully,
Saurabh Kumar
Roll Number 1203
XII B

Dated : April 19, 20……

17. Write an application for the post of a steno-typist.

14, Civil Lines,
Jalandhar City.
August 6, 20…..

To
The Advertiser,
Post Box No. 313,
The Tribune,
Chandigarh.
Sir,

This is in response to your advertisement in “The Tribune” dated 4th August, 20….. for the post of a steno-typist in your office. I beg to offer myself as a candidate for the same. As regards my qualifications, they are detailed below:

I passed my B.A. Examination in 20….. from D.A.V. College, Jalandhar in the second division. After my graduation, I joined a commercial college where I learnt both shorthand and type-writing. My speed in shorthand is 75 w.p.m. and my speed in type-writing is 50 w.p.m. I have been working as a stenotypist with Sehgal & Co., Jalandhar for the last five years. Besides shorthand and type-writing, I am also well conversant with other official work and can speak English, Hindi and Punjabi fluently.

I am still in the service of the same firm. I am seeking better opportunities which my present employer, with his limited, business, cannot supply. He has no objection to my seeking a better job somewhere else.

I am a young man of 25 with a sound body and a good appearance. I enclose a certificate from my present employer about my character, experience and ability.

Should you appoint me to the post, it would be my sincerest effort to give you every satisfaction.

Yours faithfully,
H.M.L. Sood

18. Write a letter to your Principal for a testimonial / character certificate.

2652, Sector 37 C,
Chandigarh.
August 10, 20 …..

To
The Principal,
Government College,
Gurdaspur.
Sir,

Respectfully I request you to kindly issue me a character certificate. I am required to produce it when applying for the post of a teacher.

I was a student of the college from 2001 to 2004 and passed the B.A. examination in April, 2004 securing first division marks with distinction in Mathematics. I was a member of the Students’ Central Association and the President of the Debating and Speakers Club. I was President of the English Speech Society. Throughout my college career, I remained in the good books of my worthy teachers.

My Roll No. in BA. final was 1305 and I was under the tutorship of Prof. Akash Malhotra who will testify to the truth of the facts stated above.
Kindly issue the character-cum-merit certificate at the earliest and oblige.
Thanking you in anticipation,

Yours faithfully,
Arvind Bhandari

19. Write an application to the Principal of your school / college complaining against the poor quality of food being supplied to you at the school hostel.

To
The Principal,
Government Higher Secondary School,
Bhatinda.
Sir,

I regret to inform you that the food served in the hostel is the most unhygienic and of poor quality. Of course, the Kitchen Committee is there to monitor the quality of food served but the Mess Manager is more than a match for the Kitchen Committee.

Pure milk and curd are never served in the hostel. There is the Government dairy where pure milk is readily available but the Mess Manager buys it from Gujjars who are known for diluting milk with water.

The cooked food is no better. The vegetables that are cooked are often stale and rotten. They are cooked in sub-standard or inferior quality of edible oil. Most of the boarders suffer from cough and bad throat. The Mess Manager buys sub-standard quality of rice and wheat atta. We find small pieces of stone and some foreign matter in chapaties and cooked rice. Very often the boarders complain of dysentery and other stomach disorders.

It is high time that things are set right by improving the quality of food served in the hostel. The Mess Manager must be taken to task. He must be told that the quality of food supplied by him to the boarders is telling upon their health. He should be warned to improve things immediately otherwise he should be asked to leave.

Yours faithfully,
Rajesh Kohli
XI
Govt. School Hostel
Bhatinda.

PSEB 12th Class English Application Writing

20. Write a letter to the Superintendent of Police pointing out the increase in the incidents of thefts in your locality.

15, Garden Colony,
Patti.
February 22, 20 ……..

To
The Superintendent of Police,
Patti.
Dear Sir,

I am writing this to invite your kind attention to the rising incidence of thefts in our locality, Garden Colony. This area has become a paradise for thieves and burglars. This locality is continuing to develop. Some of the roads are deserted especially in the afternoon. Hardly a day passes without an incident of theft. The worrisome point is that these incidents occur in the broad daylight when women-folk in their homes retire for rest after their household work.

Since it is a developing colony, labourers and strangers are seen moving around in a suspicious manner. Of course, there are a couple of policemen on guard near the entrance of the colony but they rarely patrol the colony. The S.H.O of the area has been kept informed about the incidents of thefts but there is no improvement in the situation. The residents of the locality are beginning to lose faith in the junior officials. Hence your personal attention is required to the problem facing the colony.
Thanking you,

Yours faithfully,
P.K. Khanna

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber’s Trade Union

Punjab State Board PSEB 12th Class English Book Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber’s Trade Union Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

PSEB Solutions for Class 12 English Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber’s Trade Union

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
How did the village elders behave when Chandu dressed up like a doctor?
गांव के वयोवृद्धों ने कैसा व्यवहार किया जब Chandu डाक्टरों की तरह कपड़े पहन कर आया ?
Answer:
The landlord called Chandu the son of a pig. He cursed him by saying that he was bringing a leather bag of cow-hide into his house and a coat of some animal’s marrow. He told him to get out of his house less he should defile his religion.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union

The Sahukar abused Chandu in the foulest way. He told him that he had come wearing the defiled clothes of the hospital people. He told him to come after wearing his own clothes. Only then will he let him cut his hair.

जमींदार ने उसको सूअर का पुत्र कह कर पुकारा। उसने उसे यह कहकर गाली दी कि वह उसके घर में चमड़े का बैग लेकर आया जोकि गाय की चमड़ी का बना है और उसने कोट पहना है जो किसी पशु के मज्जे से बना है। उसने उसको आदेश दिया कि वह उसके घर से निकल जाये ताकि वह उसके धर्म को भ्रष्ट न कर दे। साहूकार ने भी बड़े गन्दे शब्दों में Chandu को गालियां दीं। उसने उसको कहा कि वह हस्पताल के लोगों के गन्दे कपड़े पहन कर आ गया था। उसने उसे कहा कि वह अपने कपड़े पहन कर आये। तभी वह उससे अपने बाल कटवायेगा।

Question 2.
Give a brief character-sketch of Chandu’s mother.
Chandu की माता का संक्षेप में चरित्र-चित्रण दीजिए।
Answer:
Chandu’s mother was an ill-tempered woman. She was over sixty years old. She could always read the nature of the upper caste people. But she was very kind to the narrator. She did not have a good word for the upper caste people.

Probably, she must have suffered at the hands of the upper caste people. She was happy when Chandu started earning more money by shaving and cutting hair of people in the town. We can only pity Chandu’s old mother because she did not have a good quality of life.

Chandu की माता चिड़चिड़े स्वभाव की महिला थी। वह साठ साल से ऊपर उम्र की थी। वह उच्चजाति के लोगों के स्वभाव को जान लेने में सक्षम थी। लेकिन वह वर्णनकर्ता पर बहुत मेहरबान थी। उसका ऊँची जाति के लोगों के बारे में कोई अच्छा विचार नहीं था। सम्भवतः उसने ऊँची जाति के लोगों से कष्ट उठाये हैं। वह खुश थी जब चन्दू ने शहर में जाकर लोगों की दाढ़ी और हजामत करके अधिक पैसे कमाने शुरू कर दिये। हमें उसकी बूढ़ी माता पर दया आती है क्योंकि उसने अच्छे प्रकार का जीवन व्यतीत नहीं किया है।

Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Give a brief character-sketch of Chandu.
Answer:
Chandu is the barber boy of the narrator’s village. He is the main character of the story. He is a close friend of the narrator. The narrator calls him one of the makers of modern India. He organises barbers into a union.

He stops going to people’s homes to give them a haircut or shave beards. He refuses to dance to the tune of upper-caste people. Chandu is the narrator’s senior. He takes lead in all matters. He is very fond of his boyish mischiefs.

He likes catching wasps. Then he takes out the poison from their tails. He makes them fly by tying their legs with a thread. The narrator considers him the embodiment of perfection. He is an expert at making kites of various designs. Despite his skill in other matters, he is a duffer in learning. He is a member of a low caste. Upper caste people often abused him and insulted him. They did not like the narrator to mix with him.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union

Chandu is self-respecting. He did not like to be insulted by the upper-caste people. He decided to teach them a lesson. He bought a cycle and started shaving people in the town. He set up a barber’s shop. He organised some barbers in villages into a union.

They stopped going to people’s homes for haircutting and shaving. They forced the people to come to their shops. We cannot help admiring Chandu for his skill of enterprise.

Chandu वर्णनकर्ता के गांव के नाई का लड़का है। वह कहानी का मुख्य पात्र है। वह वर्णनकर्ता का घनिष्ठ मित्र है। वर्णनकर्ता उसको आधुनिक भारत के निर्माताओं में से एक समझता है। वह नाईयों के Union का आयोजन करता है। वह लोगों के घरों में जाकर उनके लिए बतौर नाई का काम करने से इन्कार कर देता है। वह ऊँची जाति के लोगों के इशारों पर नाचने से मना कर देता है। Chandu वर्णनकर्ता से वरिष्ठ है। वह तमाम मामलों में अगवाई करता है। वह लड़कों वाली शरारतें करता है।

वह भिड़ों को पकड़ना पसन्द करता है। फिर वह उनका विष निकालता है। उनकी टांगों को धागे से बांध कर उनको उड़ता है। वर्णनकर्ता Chandu को पूर्णता का साकार समझता है। वह कई designs वाले पतंग बनाने में बहुत निपुण है। दूसरे मामलों में प्रवीणता के बावजूद, वह पढ़ाई में निकम्मा है। वह निचली जाति का सदस्य है। ऊँची जाति के लोग उसको प्रायः गालियां देते थे और अपमानित करते थे। वे नहीं चाहते थे कि वर्णनकर्ता उससे मेलजोल रखे।

Chandu स्वाभिमानी है। वह नहीं चाहता कि ऊँची जाति के लोग उसका अपमान करें। उसने उनको सबक सिखाने का निर्णय कर लिया। उसने भिन्न गांवों के कुछ नाईयों का Union स्थापित कर लिया। उसने एक साइकिल खरीद लिया और इस पर सवार होकर अपना नाई का काम करने लगा। उसने नाई की दुकान खोल ली। नाईयों ने लोगों के घरों में हजामत और शेव आदि के लिए जाना बन्द कर दिया। हम उसकी उद्यमशीलता के लिए Chandu की प्रशंसा किए बिना नहीं रह सकते।

Question 2.
Why did Chandu go on a strike ? What was the result of the strike ?
Chandu ने हड़ताल क्यों की ? हड़ताल का क्या नतीजा निकला ?
Answer:
Chandu was a barber in a village. He used to go to people’s homes to cut their hair and shave their beards. He started going to the town from time to time. He earned more money there by haircutting. One day he put on a doctor’s dress and went on the round of his village to shave the beards of a landlord, a sahukar and some other person. They were all from higher castes. But Chandu belonged to a lower caste.

The narrator and the landlord’s little boy Devi were happy to see him in the doctor’s dress. The landlord called him the son of a pig. He insulted him by saying that he was carrying a leather bag of cow-hide and the coat of the marrow of some animal.

He told him to get out of his house. He did not want his house and his religion to be defiled. He asked him to wear the clothes that suit his profession. Then he went to the village Shaukar’s house. He abused Chandu in the foulest way.

He told him not to go about dressed like a clown. He should shoulder his own responsibilities and look after his old mother. He should not wear the defiled clothes of the hospital folk. He told him to go and come back in his own clothes.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union

Then he would let him cut his hair. He decided to teach the orthodox village idiots a lesson. He would go on strike and not go to their houses to attend to them. They were forced to go to his shop to get their beards shaved and their hair cut.

Chandu गांव का नाई था। वह लोगों के घरों में जाकर उनके बाल काटता था और दाढ़ियां साफ़ किया करता था। उसने कभी-कभी शहर जाना भी शुरू कर दिया। वहां वह हजामतों द्वारा अधिक पैसे कमा लेता था। एक दिन उसने डॉक्टर की dress पहन ली और उसने अपने गांव का चक्कर लगाना आरम्भ किया ताकि वह एक जमींदार, एक साहूकार और किसी और व्यक्ति की दाढ़ी की shave कर दे। वे सब ऊँची जाति के थे। परन्तु Chandu नीची जाति का था। वर्णनकर्ता और ज़मींदार का छोटा बच्चा उसको डॉक्टर के कपड़ों में देखकर बहुत खुश हुए। लेकिन जमींदार ने उसको सूअर का पुत्र कह कर पुकारा।

उसने यह कर उसका अपमान किया कि उसने गाय की त्वचा से बने बैग और किसी पशु के मजे का कोट पहना हुआ था। उसने उसको कहा कि वह उसके घर से बाहर निकल जाये। वह नहीं चाहता कि उसका घर और धर्म भ्रष्ट हो जायें। उसने उसको यह भी कहा कि वह कपड़े पहने जो उसके व्यवसाय के अनुसार उचित हो। इसके बाद वह गांव के साहूकार के घर गया। उसने चन्दू को बहुत ही गन्दी गालियां दीं।

उसने उसे कहा कि वह जोकर के कपड़े पहन कर न घूमे फिरे। उसे अपनी जिम्मेदारियां निभानी चाहिये और अपनी बूढी माता का ध्यान रखना चाहिए। उसे हस्पताल के लोगों के प्रदूषित कपड़े नहीं पहनने चाहिए। उसने उसे कहा कि वह जाये और अपने कपड़ों में वापस आये। तब वह उसके बाल काट सकेगा। उसने गांव के गांव के रुढ़िवादी मूल् को सबक सिखाने का निर्णय किया। वह हड़ताल करेगा और उनकी सेवा में उनके घरों में नहीं जायेगा। उन्हें विवश होकर Chandu की दुकान पर जाना पड़ा ताकि वे अपने बाल और दाढ़ियां कटवा सकें।

कि ऊँची जाति के लोग उसका अपमान करें। उसने उनको सबक सिखाने का निर्णय कर लिया। उसने भिन्न गांवों के कुछ नाईयों का Union स्थापित कर लिया। उसने एक साइकिल खरीद लिया और इस पर सवार होकर अपना नाई का काम करने लगा। उसने नाई की दुकान खोल ली। नाईयों ने लोगों के घरों में हजामत और शेव आदि के लिए जाना बन्द कर दिया। हम उसकी उद्यमशीलता के लिए Chandu की प्रशंसा किए बिना नहीं रह सकते।

Question 2.
Why did Chandu go on a strike ? What was the result of the strike ?
Chandu ने हड़ताल क्यों की ? हड़ताल का क्या नतीजा निकला ?
Answer:
Chandu was a barber in a village. He used to go to people’s homes to cut their hair and shave their beards. He started going to the town from time to time. He earned more money there by haircutting. One day he put on a doctor’s dress and went on the round of his village to shave the beards of a landlord, a sahukar and some other person. They were all from higher castes. But Chandu belonged to a lower caste.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union

The narrator and the landlord’s little boy Devi were happy to see him in the doctor’s dress. The landlord called him the son of a pig. He insulted him by saying that he was carrying a leather bag of cow-hide and the coat of the marrow of some animal.

He told him to get out of his house. He did not want his house and his religion to be defiled. He asked him to wear the clothes that suit his profession. Then he went to the village Shaukar’s house.

He abused Chandu in the foulest way. He told him not to go about dressed like a clown. He should shoulder his own responsibilities and look after his old mother. He should not wear the defiled clothes of the hospital folk. He told him to go and come back in his own clothes.

Then he would let him cut his hair. He decided to teach the orthodox village idiots a lesson. He would go on strike and not go to their houses to attend to them. They were forced to go to his shop to get their beards shaved and their hair cut.

Chandu गांव का नाई था। वह लोगों के घरों में जाकर उनके बाल काटता था और दाढ़ियां साफ़ किया करता था। उसने कभी-कभी शहर जाना भी शुरू कर दिया। वहां वह हजामतों द्वारा अधिक पैसे कमा लेता था। एक दिन उसने डॉक्टर की dress पहन ली और उसने अपने गांव का चक्कर लगाना आरम्भ किया ताकि वह एक जमींदार, एक साहूकार और किसी और व्यक्ति की दाढ़ी की shave कर दे। वे सब ऊँची जाति के थे।

परन्तु Chandu नीची जाति का था। वर्णनकर्ता और ज़मींदार का छोटा बच्चा उसको डॉक्टर के कपड़ों में देखकर बहुत खुश हुए। लेकिन जमींदार ने उसको सूअर का पुत्र कह कर पुकारा। उसने यह कर उसका अपमान किया कि उसने गाय की त्वचा से बने बैग और किसी पशु के मजे का कोट पहना हुआ था।

उसने उसको कहा कि वह उसके घर से बाहर निकल जाये। वह नहीं चाहता कि उसका घर और धर्म भ्रष्ट हो जायें। उसने उसको यह भी कहा कि वह कपड़े पहने जो उसके व्यवसाय के अनुसार उचित हो। इसके बाद वह गांव के साहूकार के घर गया। उसने चन्दू को बहुत ही गन्दी गालियां दीं।

उसने उसे कहा कि वह जोकर के कपड़े पहन कर न घूमे फिरे। उसे अपनी जिम्मेदारियां निभानी चाहिये और अपनी बूढी माता का ध्यान रखना चाहिए। उसे हस्पताल के लोगों के प्रदूषित कपड़े नहीं पहनने चाहिए। उसने उसे कहा कि वह जाये और अपने कपड़ों में वापस आये। तब वह उसके बाल काट सकेगा। उसने गांव के गांव के रुढ़िवादी मूल् को सबक सिखाने का निर्णय किया। वह हड़ताल करेगा और उनकी सेवा में उनके घरों में नहीं जायेगा। उन्हें विवश होकर Chandu की दुकान पर जाना पड़ा ताकि वे अपने बाल और दाढ़ियां कटवा सकें।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union

Objective Type Questions:

This question will consist of 3 objective type questions carrying one mark each. These objective questions will include questions to be answered in one word to one sentence or fill in the blank or true/false or multiple choice type questions.

Question 1.
What was the age difference between Chandu and the narrator ?
Answer:
It was a difference of six months; Chandu was senior to the narrator.

Question 2.
Why did the narrator consider Chandu the embodiment of perfection for him ?
Answer:
He considered him the embodiment of perfection because he could make and fly paper kites of complicated designs and balance which the narrator could not do.

Question 3.
Why was Chandu not good at doing sums at school ?
Answer:
He was not good at doing sums because he did not do any homework given by teachers and he went to learn the work as a barber.

Question 4.
Why did the narrator’s mother constantly dissuade him to play with Chandu ?
Answer:
She dissuaded him by saying that Chandu was a low-caste barber’s son and he had to keep up the status of his caste and class.

Question 5.
What does the narrator tell us about Chandu’s dress?
Answer:
Chandu wore a Khaki shorts, black velvet waist-coat with many buttons and a round felt cap.

Question 6.
What did Chandu tell the narrator about Kalan Khan’s appearance ?
Answer:
He was a young man with parted hair, dressed in a starched shirt, an ivory collar and bow tie, a black coat and striped trousers and a wonderful rubber overcoat.

Question 7.
Why did Bijay Chand, the landlord, turn Chandu out of his house ?
Answer:
He told him to get out of his house as he was defiling it with a leather bag of cow hide, a coat of some animal’s marrow and to wear the dress suiting his profession.

Question 8.
What did the Sahukar think about Chandu’s wearing clothes like a doctor ?
Answer:
He abused him and told him to come back in his own clothes and not wear the defiled clothes of the hospital people.

Question 9.
Why had the landlord summoned Pandit Parmanand ?
Answer:
He had been called by the landlord to discuss the unholy emergency in which Chandu had landed by wearing English shoes and a doctor’s dress.

Question 10.
What type of woman was Chandu’s mother ?
Answer:
She was an ill-tempered woman from low caste and knew the reality about upper caste people.

Question 11.
How did Chandu’s mother treat the narrator ?
Answer:
She was very kind to the narrator though she spoke to him in a joking manner.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union

Question 12.
Why did Chandu decide to go on strike ?
Answer:
He decided to go on strike by stopping to shave the upper-caste people as they had been abusing him.

Question 13.
Why did Chandu decide to buy a bicycle ?
Answer:
He decided to buy a cycle in order to shave people and give them a haircut and earn money after stopping to do the haircut of the upper-caste people.

Question 14.
Why had the men gathered in the Sahukar’s shop ?
Answer:
They had gathered there round the figure of the landlord to talk with him.

Question 15.
How did the Sahukar look without being trimmed by the barber?
Answer:
He looked like a leper with the brown colour of tobacco on his big moustaches.

Question 16.
What jokes became popular in every home and why?
Answer:
Jokes about the unclean beards of the elders and the landlord’s young wife threatening to run away with somebody because of his shabby appearance became popular.

Question 17.
What was the reason of the rumour that the landlord’s wife had threatened to run away with someone else ?
Answer:
She threatened to do so because being twenty years younger than her husband, she had tolerated him as long as he kept in trim. But now his unclean beard was disgusting to her.

Question 18.
What did the village elders threaten Chandu ?
Answer:
They threatened to have him sent to prison for his offences and ordered his mother to force him to obey them.

Question 19.
Name the union that gave birth to many other active trade unions in the town.
Answer:
The name was ‘Rajkot District Barber Brothers’ Hairdressing and Shaving Saloon’.

Question 20.
Was the narrator of the story caste conscious ?
Answer:
No.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union

Question 21.
Did the narrator’s mother like him to play with Chandu ?
Answer:
No.

Question 22.
Who was Kala Khan ?
Answer:
Dentist.

Question 23.
Who abused Chandu ?
Answer:
The Sahukar.

Question 24.
What was the name of the landlord’s son ?
Answer:
Devi.

Question 25.
What was the opinion of Chandu’s mother about the high caste people ?
Answer:
They were hypocrites.

Question 26.
What was Chandu going to buy with five rupees ?
Answer:
A Japanese cycle.

Question 27.
The landlord’s wife threatead to run away unless :
(i) he gave her all his money.
(ii) he stopped staying away from home.
(iii) he looked smart, trim and handsome.
Answer:
(iii) he looked smart, trim and handsome.

Question 28.
Who was younger of the landlord and his wife ?
Answer:
His wife.

Question 29.
The landlord’s wife wanted to run away with someone smarter and trim. (True/False)
Answer:
True.

Question 30.
What was Chandu in Barbers’ Trade Union ?
Answer:
He was a barber boy.

The Barber’s Trade Union Summary in English

The Barber’s Trade Union Introduction:

This is the story of a barber boy. He is the main character in the story. The author calls him one of the makers of modern India. He does a great act. He unites the barbers and asks them to open their own barber shops and not to go to people’s homes to give them a haircut or shave. Thus the upper-caste people are compelled to go to the shops for hair-cut or a shave. The barber boy is senior to the narrator.

He is also the narrator’s close friend. He takes the lead in all the matters. He is very fond of boyish mischiefs. He likes catching wasps. Then he takes the poison out of their tails and makes them fly by tying their legs with a thread. He knows how to make very good kites of various designs. Despite these talents he is very dull at school. Chandu adopted the profession of his father.

As he belonged to a low caste, people of higher castes made fun of him. In the end he decided to go on strike and stopped visiting people’s houses for giving a hair-cut or shave. The people of the village had to go to barbers’ shops for hair-cuts. Then he becomes the organiser of Barbers’ Union.

The Barber’s Trade Union Summary in English:

Chandu is the barber boy of the narrator’s village. He has a place in the history of India as one of the makers of modern India. He has done something which has great significance. But he never had any idea about his greatness. The narrator knows him since his childhood. They used to play together in the streets of their village near Amritsar. Their mothers felt happy to see them at play.

Chandu was the narrator’s senior by six months. He always took the lead in all matters. The narrator always followed him because he was an expert at catching wasps, taking the poison out of their tails, tying their tails with a thread and making them fly. But the narrator used to be stung on his cheeks if he went near the wasp.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union

The narrator considered Chandu to be perfect because he could make and fly kites of very good designs. At school, Chandu was not so good at doing sums as the narrator because his father put him in learning the trade of a barber. His father used to send him to villages for hair-cutting. He had no time for doing home work. But he was good at reciting poetry. He remembered all the verses in the textbook.

The narrator’s mother did not feel happy when Chandu won a scholarship at school while the narrator had to pay fees to be taught. She constantly told the narrator not to play with Chandu by saying that he was a low-caste boy and he must keep up the status of caste and class. The narrator had no sense of superiority of his class or caste.

His mother used to put a red caste-mark on his forehead every morning and he put on uchkin, the tight trousers, the gold worked shoes and the silk turban. He wanted to wear clothes like Chandu. Chandu used to wear a pair of khakhi shorts which the retired subedar had given him, a black velvet waist-coat and a round cap which had once belonged to Lala Hukam Chand, the lawyer of their village.

The narrator envied Chandu the freedom of movement which he enjoyed after the death of his father. He used to go to the houses of upper caste people and cut their hair or shave them. When Lala Hukam Chand went to town in his carriage (buggy), Chandu went with him by sitting on the foot-rest of the buggy. The narrator had to walk three miles to attend his school at Jandiala. Chandu did not have to go to school. But he used to bring some gifts for the narrator.

Chandu saw sahibs, the lawyers, the chaprasis and the policemen wearing English style clothes. Once he told the narrator that he wanted to steal some money from home to buy a dress like that of Kalan Khan, the dentist. He said that Kalan Khan was fitting people with dentures and even new eyes. Kalan Khan was a young man. He was dressed in a starched shirt, an ivory collar and bow tie. He wore a blank coat and striped trousers and rubber overcoat and pumps.

Then he asked the narrator if he, a barber educated up to the fifth class, would not look more dignified by wearing a dress like Dr. Kalan Khan. Chandu added that though he was not a doctor, he has learnt how to treat pimples, boils and cuts on people’s bodies from his father who had learnt from his father.

The narrator agreed with his plan. He encouraged him a good deal that his hero did. One day Chandu dressed up in a turban, a white rubber coat, a pair of pumps with a leather bag in his hand. He was going on his round and had come to see the narrator. How smart he looked in his new dress. The narrator told him that he looked marvellous.

Then he left for the house of the landlord to shave every morning. The narrator followed Chandu. He looked nice in a doctor’s dress. He reached the door-step of the landlord. Devi, the little son of the landlord clapped his hands to announce the coming of Chandu the barber in a beautiful heroic dress like the Padre Sahib of the Mission School.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union

Bijay Chand, the stout landlord was taking the name of God. He was just coming out of the lavatory. He called Chandu the son of a pig. He regretted that Chandu was bringing a leather bag of cow-hide into his house, and the coat of the marrow of some animal, and black shoes. He ordered him to get out as he was defiling his house.

Chandu told him that he was wearing the dress of a doctor. He ordered him to wear clothes suiting his status as a barber. Chandu returned. His face was flushed as he had been insulted before the narrator. Then he rushed to the shop of Thanu Ram, the village Sahukar. He had a grocer’s store at the corner of the lane.

When the narrator reached Sahukar’s shop. Devi, the landlord’s son began to cry at his father’s harsh words for Chandu. He abused Chandu in the foulest words for wearing the dirty clothes of the hospital folk. He told him to come back in his own clothes. Then only he will let him cut his hair.

Chandu felt very angry. He ran angrily past the narrator. He felt that Chandu hated him because he belonged to a superior caste. The narrator shouted after Chandu that he should go to Pandit Parmanand and tell him that the clothes were not dirty.

Pandit Parmanand came out of the landlord’s house. He said that the boys of the village had been spoiled by education. But the low caste boy has no right to such clothes. He has to touch the heads and beards of people in the village. He should not defile them. Chandu heard what was said by Parmanand. He ran away from there. He seemed to have some set purpose in mind.

The narrator’s mother called him and told him that it was time for him to go to school. So he should eat and go to school. She advised him not to mix with the barber boy. But the narrator was very disturbed about Chandu’s fate all day. On his way back from school, he called in at the hut where Chandu lived with his mother. His mother was an ill-tempered woman.

As a low caste-woman she could understand the upper caste people. She however liked the narrator. She asked him if he had come to see his friend. She also told him that if his mother came to know that he had come to this hut, she would accuse her for casting her evil eyes on his sweet face. She asked him if he was as innocent as he looked or if he was a hypocrite like the rest of others of his caste.

The narrator wanted to know where Chandu was. She did not know where he was. She said that he earned some money by shaving people on the roadside. She also said that he was having some funny ideas. She added that he should serve the clients his father used to serve. He is only a boy. She told the narrator that she will tell him that his friend wanted to play with him. He has just gone up the road. The narrator took leave of Chandu’s mother.

Chandu whistled for the narrator in the afternoon. He came. He invited the narrator to come for a walk. He told him that he earned a rupee shaving and hair cutting near the court that morning as he had to come back on the back bar of Hukam Chand’s carriage early. In the afternoon, he should have earned more.

He told the narrator that he was going to teach a lesson to the caste conscious idiots. He was going on strike. He will not go to their houses to attend to them. He was going to buy a Japanese bicycle for five rupees. He shall learn to ride it.

Then he will go to town every day. He will ride the bicycle with his overcoat, his black shoes, and white turban on his head. He will look fine in this dress. The narrator said that he would definitely look nice.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union

The narrator supported Chandu’s ideas. Chandu bought a cycle with the money le had made by haircuts and shaving in the town. Then one day he started learning how to cycle. Chandu got on the cycle and the narrator started pushing him from the backside. Chandu could not keep balance and he fell down on the other side along with the cycle.

There were peals of laughter from the shop of the Sahukar. Then the Sahukar abused Chandu for being a rascal. He said that he would come to his sense only if he broke his bones. Chandu hung his head in shame. He told the narrator that he was worthless. The narrator had thought that Chandu would grip him by the neck and give him a good beating.

Chandu did not lose courage. He decided to try riding cycle again. The narrator told Chandu that he would hold the cycle tightly this time. The landlord again said that Chandu would break his bones by falling from the cycle. Chandu however told the narrator that he was not bothered.

Chandu again began to try riding. The people at the Sahukar’s shop were watching with interest. The narrator thought that Chandu would again fall and come to greif. Chandu’s feet had got quite rightly on the pedals and he was riding smoothly. The narrator was running behind the cycle. The narrator did not see Chandu the next day.

For one or two days the narrator did not see Chandu. But on the third day, Chandu showed the narrator some men of the village sitting round the Sahukar. He showed him the unshaven faces of the villagers. They were all looking unclean.

Chandu told the narrator to run past the shop and call the elderly people beavers. The narrator did so. The peasants who had gathered round the shop laughed. The Sahukar shouted that the narrator should be caught. They said that the upper-caste boy was also with Chandu.

The rumour about the barber boy’s strike spread. Jokes about the dirty beards of the elders also spread. The landlord’s wife threatened to run away with someone because she was twenty years younger than her husband. She had tolerated him as long as he looked neat and trim. But now she was disgusted with him because his appearance had become shabby.

But Chandu’s mother was seeing prosperity because of Chandu’s increasing income. Then they thought of getting the barber of Verka to come and attend them. They offered him an anna instead of the two pice they had usually paid to Chandu. Chandu opened a new shop and he asked other barbers from other villages to come and start their shops.

He convinced them that it was time that the villagers came to them for hair-cut and shave. The Union of barbers was given a new name. The name was “Rajkot District Barber Brothers Hairdressing and Shaving Saloon”. The Union has been followed by many other trade unions of working men.

The Barber’s Trade Union Summary in Hindi

The Barber’s Trade Union Introduction:

यह एक नाई लड़के की कहानी है। वह इस कहानी में मुख्य पात्र है। लेखक उसको आधुनिक भारत के निर्माताओं में एक समझता है। वह एक महान कार्यकर्ता है। वह नाईयों को एक कर देता है और उनको कहता है कि वे अपनी-अपनी नाई की दुकान खोल लें और लोगों को घरों में उनके बाल काटने या शेव करने के लिए न जायें।

इस तरह ऊंची जाति के लोगों को विवश होकर नाई की दुकानों पर जाना पड़ता है। कहानी के मुख्य पात्र का नाम चन्दू है। वह वर्णनकर्ता का मित्र है। वह वर्णनकर्ता से बड़ा है। वह वर्णनकर्ता का घनिष्ट मित्र भी है। बड़ा होने के कारण Chandu हर मामले में अगवाई करता है। वह लड़कों वाली शरारतें करने का बहुत शौकीन है।

वह भिड़ों को पकड़ना पसन्द करता है। फिर वह उनकी दुमों से विष निकालता है और उनकी टांगों को धागे से बांध कर उड़ाता है। वह अच्छे नमूने के पंतग बनाना भी जानता है। इन योग्यताओं के बावजूद वह स्कूल में मन्दबुद्धि वाला छात्र है। वह जाति से नाई था। उसने अपने पिता का व्यवसाय अपना लिया।

चूंकि Chandu निचली जाति से सम्बन्ध रखता था, ऊंची जाति के लोग उसका अपमान किया करते थे। वे उसको गालियां भी दिया करते थे। अन्त में वह हड़ताल करने का निर्णय करता है और वह shave करने के लिए लोगों के घरों में जाना बन्द कर देता है। अब गांव के लोगों को हजामत करवाने के लिए उसकी दुकान में जाना पड़ता था।

The Barber’s Trade Union Summary in Hindi:

Chandu वर्णनकर्ता के गांव के नाई का लड़का है। उसका भारत के इतिहास में भारत के निर्माणकर्ताओं में से एक होने में उसका नाम है। उसने कुछ ऐसा काम किया है जिसका बड़ा महत्त्व है। लेकिन उसको अपनी महानता के बारें कोई विचार नहीं था। वर्णनकर्ता उसको अपने बचपन से जानता है।

Amritsar के समीप स्थित अपने गांव की गलियों में वे खेला करते थे। उनकी माताएं उनको खेलते हुए देखकर प्रसन्न हुआ करती थीं। Chandu वर्णनकर्ता से छः महीने बड़ा था। वह सब मामलों में अगवाई करता था। वर्णनकर्ता सदा उसका अनुसरण करता था क्योंकि वह भिड़ों (तातैया) को पकड़ने में निपुण था। वह उनकी दुमों से विष निकालता था और उनकी टांगों में धागा बांधता था और उनको उड़ाया करता था। लेकिन यदि वर्णनकर्ता भिड़ों के पास जाता तो वे उसकी गालों पर डंक मारती थीं।

वर्णनकर्ता Chandu को हर पक्ष में निपुण समझता था क्योंकि वह बहुत से नमूने के पतंग बना सकता था और उनको उड़ा भी सकता था। स्कूल में चन्दू गणित के प्रश्न हल करने में इतना अच्छा नहीं था क्योंकि उसके पिता ने उसको नाई का काम सीखने में डाल दिया था। उसका पिता उसको गांव में लोगों के बाल काटने के लिए भेजा करता था। Chandu के पास स्कूल से दिया हुआ homework करने के लिए समय नहीं था।

लेकिन वह कविता पाठ में अच्छा था। पाठ्य पुस्तकों की सब कविताएं उसे स्मरण थीं। – वर्णनकर्ता की माता खुश नहीं थी जब Chandu को स्कूल में छात्रवृत्ति मिली, जब कि वर्णनकर्ता को अपनी पढ़ाई के लिए फीस देनी पड़ती थी। वह लगातार वर्णनकर्ता को कहती थी कि वह चन्दू के साथ न खेला करे यह कहते हुए कि वह निचली जाति का लड़का था और उसे अपनी जाति और श्रेणी की प्रतिष्ठा बनाकर रखनी चाहिए। वर्णनकर्ता में अपनी श्रेणी या जाति की श्रेष्ठता के बारे कोई विचार तक नहीं था।

उसकी माता उसके माथे पर लाल रंग का तिलक लगाया करती थी और वह अचकन, चूड़ीदार पाजामा, तिल्ले वाले जूते और रेशमी पगड़ी पहना करता था। वह चन्दू जैसे कपड़े पहनना चाहता था। चन्दू खाकी निक्कर पहना करता था जो रिटायर्ड (retired) सूबेदार ने उसे दी थी और काली मखमल की बास्कट पहनता था। और साथ ही felt cap पहनता था जो कि लाला हुक्म चन्द ने उसे दी थी।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union

वर्णनकर्ता Chandu से ईर्ष्या करता था क्योंकि उसको घूमने फिरने की आज़ादी थी जो उसको अपने बाप की मौत के बाद उपलब्ध थी। वह ऊंची जाति के लोगों के घरों में जाया करता था और बाल काटा करता था या उनकी Shave किया करता था। जब Chandu Lala Hukam Chand की बग्गी में शहर जाया करता था तो बग्गी के पायदान पर बैठ जाता था। वर्णनकर्ता को Jandiala के स्कूल में जाने के लिए तीन मील चलना

पड़ता था। अब Chandu को स्कूल नहीं जाना पड़ता था। लेकिन वह वर्णनकर्ता के लिए कुछ उपहार लेकर आया करता था। Chandu साहिबों, वकीलों, चपरासियों और पुलिस वाले को देखा करता था जिन्होंने अंग्रेज़ी शैली के कपड़े पहने होते थे। एक बार चन्दू ने वर्णनकर्ता को बताया कि वह अपने घर से कुछ पैसे चुराकर दांतों के डाक्टर कालन खान की तरह एक dress खरीद लेगा।

वह कहता कि कालन खान लोगों के नये दांत लगाता था और नई आंखें भी लगाता था। वह स्टारच (कलफ वाली) लगी कमीज़ पहनता था, एक हाथी दांत का कालर और एक Bow tie भी पहनता था। वह एक काला कोट भी पहनता था और लकीरदार पतलून पहनता था और रबड़ का overcoat पहनता था और चमड़े के पम्पशू (गुरगाबी) पहनता था।

फिर वह वर्णनकर्ता से पूछता क्या वह पांचवी श्रेणी पढ़ा हुआ डॉक्टर कालन खान जैसे कपड़े पहनकर रोबदार और सम्मानित दिखेगा। चन्दू कहता गया कि यद्यपि वह डाक्टर नहीं भी है फिर भी उसने pimples (मुहांसो), फुसियों और काटे जाने के कारण घावों का इलाज करना सीखा हुआ है।

उसने यह सब अपने बाप से सीखा है। वर्णनकर्ता चन्दू की स्कीम से सहमत हो गया। उसका नायक (hero) जो कुछ भी करता था वर्णनकर्ता उसकी बहुत प्रशंसा करता था। एक दिन चन्दू ने Dr. Kalan Khan जैसे कपड़े पहन लिए, पगड़ी भी पहन ली, एक सफेद रबड़ का कोट पहन लिया, पम्पशू भी पहने और अपने हाथ में चमड़े का बैग ले लिया। वह लोगों की Shave आदि करने के लिए अपने दौरे पर जा रहा था।

और वह वर्णनकर्ता को मिलने आया था। वर्णनकर्ता ने उसे कहा कि वह कमाल का लगता है। फिर वह जमींदार के घर की ओर चल दिया ताकि वह उसकी हजामत करे। वर्णनकर्ता भी उसके पीछे चल दिया। वह (चन्दू) जमींदार के घर की दहलीज तक पहुंचा। चन्दू डाक्टर की dress में बहुत अच्छा लगता था। जमींदार के लड़के देवी ने चन्दू की शानदार वेशभूषा देखकर तालिया बजाईं। उसके अनुसार वह मिशन स्कूल के पादरी साहिब की तरह लगता था।

Bijay Chand जमींदार अभी शौचालय से बाहर आ रहा था। उसने Chandu को सूअर का बच्चा कह कर पुकारा। उसे दुःख था कि चन्दू गाय की त्वचा से बना हुआ चमड़े का बैग लिए जा रहा था और वह किसी जानवर के मजे का बना कोट पहने हुआ था और काले जूते। उसने चन्दू को कहा कि वह उसके घर से बाहर निकल जाये क्योंकि वह उसके घर को प्रदूषित कर रहा था। चन्दू ने कहा कि वह डाक्टर की dress पहने हुए था।

उसने उसे कहा कि वह नाईयों को ठीक लगने वाले कपड़े पहना करे। Chandu वहां से वापस चला गया। उसका चेहरा लाल हो गया था क्योंकि उसका वर्णनकर्ता के सामने अपमान हो गया था। फिर वह जल्दी-जल्दी गांव के साहूकार Thanu Ram की दुकान पर गया। उसकी किरयाने की दुकान गली के कोने में थी।

जब वर्णनकर्ता साहूकार की दुकान पर पहुंचा, जमींदार का लड़का देवी रोने लग पड़ा क्योंकि उसके बाप ने Chandu के लिए बड़े सख्त शब्द प्रयोग किए थे। उसने चन्दू को बहुत गन्दे शब्दों के प्रयोग से उसको गालियां दी क्योंकि उसके अनुसार चन्दू ने हस्पताल के लोगों के गन्दे कपड़े पहने थे। उसने उसे कहा कि वह अपने कपड़े पहन कर आये। तब ही वह उसको अपने बाल काटने देगा।

चन्दू को बहुत गुस्सा आया। वह वर्णनकर्ता के पास से निकल गया। उसने महसूस किया कि चन्दू उससे घृणा करता था क्योंकि वह ऊंची जाति से था। वर्णनकर्ता ने ऊंची आवाज़ में कहा कि वह पंडित परमानन्द के पास जाए और कहे कि कपड़े गन्दे नहीं थे। पंडित परमानन्द ज़मींदार के घर से बाहर आया।

उसने बाहर आकर कहा कि गांव के लड़कों को शिक्षा ने खराब कर दिया था लेकिन नीची जाति के लड़के को ऐसे कपड़े पहनने का कोई अधिकार नहीं था। उसने तो गांव के लोगों की दाढ़ियां और सिरों को हाथ लगाना है। उसे उनको प्रदूषित नहीं करना चाहिए। चन्दू ने वह सब जो परमानन्द ने कहा था सुन लिया। वह वहां से दौड़ गया। वर्णनकर्ता की माता ने उसको बुलाया और उसे कहा कि उसके स्कूल जाने का समय हो गया है। इस लिए उसे कुछ खाकर स्कूल जाना चाहिए।

उसने उसको कहा कि वह Chandu के साथ मेलजोल न रखे क्योंकि वह निचली जाति से सम्बन्ध रखता है। लेकिन वर्णनकर्ता को चन्दू की दशा के बारे में बहुत चिन्ता थी। स्कूल से वापस लौटते समय वह चन्दू की झोपड़ी में गया, जहां पर चन्दू अपनी माता के साथ रहता था। . उसकी माता बड़े चिड़चिड़े स्वभाव की थी। निचली जाति की होने के कारण वह ऊंची जाति के लोगों को अच्छी तरह से समझती थी।

फिर भी वह वर्णनकर्ता को पसन्द करती थी। उसने वर्णनकर्ता से पूछा क्या वह अपने मित्र को मिलने आया था। उसने उसे यह भी कहा कि यदि उसकी माता को पता लग गया कि वह इस झोपड़ी में आया था तो वह उसको दोष देगी कि वह उसके प्यारे चेहरे पर बुरी नज़र डालती है। उसने वर्णनकर्ता को पूछा कि क्या वह उतना ही मासूम है जितना वह दिखाई देता है या अपनी जाति के दूसरे लोगों की तरह बगुलाभक्त है।

वर्णनकर्ता जानना चाहता था कि चन्दू कहां है उसकी माता को नहीं पता था कि वह कहां है। उसने कहा कि चन्दू ने सड़क के पास बैठे हुए कुछ लोगों की Shave करके कुछ पैसे कमाये थे। उसने यह भी कहा कि Chandu के कुछ विचित्र विचार थे।

वर्णनकर्ता ने चन्दू के विचारों का समर्थन किया। Chandu ने कमाए हुए पैसों से साईकल खरीद लिया। उसने साईकल पर सवार होना भी सीखने की कोशिश की। Chandu cycle पर बैठ गया और वर्णनकर्ता ने पिछली तरफ से धकेलना शुरू कर दिया। चन्दू अपना सन्तुलन न रख सका और वह cycle से दूसरी साईड पर गिर गया और साथ ही उसका साईकल भी गिर गया।

साहूकार की दुकान से हंसी के ठहाके आने लगे। फिर साहूकार ने Chandu को गालियां दे कर कहा कि वह उल्लू का पट्ठा है। उसने फिर कहा कि उसके होश ठिकाने तब ही आयेंगे जब वह अपनी हड्डियां तोड़ लेगा। Chandu का सिर शर्म से झुक गया। उसने वर्णनकर्ता को कहा कि वह निकम्मा है।

वर्णनकर्ता ने सोचा कि Chandu उसको गर्दन से पकड़ लेगा और उसकी खूब पिटाई करेगा। Chandu ने हिम्मत नहीं हारी। उसने cycle पर फिर सवारी करने का फैसला कर लिया। वर्णनकर्ता ने चन्दू को कहा कि वह अब की बार साईकल को मज़बूती से पकड़ेगा। जमींदार ने कहा कि Chandu साईकल से गिरकर अपनी हड्डियां तोड़ लेगा। Chandu ने वर्णनकर्ता को कहा कि उसको कोई परवाह नहीं है।

Chandu ने फिर साईकल पर सवारी करने की कोशिश की। Sahukar की दुकान में बैठा जनसमूह बड़ी रुचि से देख रहा था। वर्णनकर्ता ने सोचा कि Chandu फिर से गिर जायेगा और उसको कष्ट होगा। Chandu के पांव अच्छी तरह पैडलों पर जम गए और वह आसानी से साईकल चलाता गया।

वर्णनकर्ता साईकल के पीछे भागता गया। अगले दिन वर्णनकर्ता Chandu को नहीं मिला। एक दो दिन वर्णनकर्ता Chandu से मिल नहीं सका। लेकिन तीसरे दिन Chandu ने वर्णनकर्ता को कुछ आदमी साहूकार के गिर्द बैठे हुए दिखाये। उसने वर्णनकर्ता को गांव वालों के चेहरे दिखाए जिनकी दाढ़ियां साफ-सुथरी नहीं थीं। वे सब गंदे नज़र आ रहे थे।

Chandu ने वर्णनकर्ता को कहा कि वह उस दुकान के पास दौड़ कर निकल जाये और वृद्धों को ऊदबिलाव कह कर पुकारे। वर्णनकर्ता ने वैसे ही किया। जो किसान दुकानों में बैठे थे वे हंसने लगे। Sahukar चिल्लाया कि वर्णनकर्ता को पकड़ना चाहिए। वे कहने लगे कि वह ऊंची जाति का लड़का था जो Chandu के साथ है।

नाई लड़के की हड़ताल के बारे अफवाह फैल गई। गंदी दाढ़ियों के बारे तरह-तरह के मज़ाक लोगों को सुनने में मिलने लगे। ज़मींदार की पत्नी ने धमकी दी कि वह किसी के साथ भाग जायेगी क्योंकि वह अपने पति से 20 साल कम आयु की थी। उसने तब तक उसको सहन किया था जब तक वह साफ-सुथरा था।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union

लेकिन अब उसको घृणा या विरक्ति हो गई थी क्योंकि उसकी शक्ल गंदी लगती थी। तब गांव वालों ने Verka से एक नाई लाने के बारे में सोचा। Chandu ने दुकान खोल ली। नाईयों का Union बना लिया गया। इस तरह उस ने गांव वालों को दुकानों पर आने पर विवश कर दिया। Barbers के Union को नया नाम दे गिया गया।

Word Meanings:

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union 1
PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 The Barber's Trade Union 2

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

Punjab State Board PSEB 12th Class English Book Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

PSEB Solutions for Class 12 English Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
How does the author describe the shop owned by Datta ? (V.Imp.)
लेखक ने Datta की दुकान का कैसे वर्णन किया है ?
Answer:
The name of Datta’s shop was The Modern Frame Works. But there was no modernity about the structure of the shop. It was actually a very large wooden box fixed on shaky legs. It was tucked in a gap between a medical store and a radio repair shop.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

The walls of the shop were covered by pictures of gods, saints, hockey players, children, national leaders and wedding couples. There were cheap prints of the Mona Lisa, Urdu handwriting sheets and the Japanese volcano Fujiyama. The shop was actually a centre of Datta’s activities.

Datta की दुकान का नाम था ‘The Modern Frame Works’. लेकिन दुकान की बनावट के बारे कोई आधुनिकता नहीं थी। यह वास्तव में एक लकड़ी का बड़ा बक्सा था। (लकड़ी का Kiosk या खोखा था) यह एक दवाईयों की दुकान और एक रेडियो मुरम्मत की दुकान के बीच खाली जगह में खड़ी कर दी दुकान की दीवारों पर देवताओं, सन्तों, हॉकी के खिलाड़ियों, बच्चों, राष्ट्रीय नेताओं और विवाहित जोड़ों की तस्वीरें लगी हुई थी। वहां Mona Lisa, Urdu के सुलेख और जापानी ज्वालामुखी Fujiyama के सस्ते चित्र थे। यह दुकान वास्तव में Datta की गतिविधियों का केन्द्र थी।

Question 2.
What had Datta learnt by his experience ? How was his new customer different from the old ones?
Datta ने अपने अनुभव से क्या सीखा था ? उसका नया ग्राहक उसके अन्य ग्राहकों से कैसे भिन्न था ?
Answer:
Datta had a long experience with his customers. They used to come to him for getting the frames of photos to be made. From his experience Datta knew that his customers never came punctually to carry the frame. Some came days in advance and returned disappointed or they came months later.

Some of the customers never turned up at all. The new customer was eager to have the frame made by Datta. He came to enquire : if it was ready four days before the due date. He wanted to know if it would be attachment to the photograph. He knew that there would be trouble if he did not deliver the frame on the promised date.

Datta का अपने ग्राहकों के साथ लम्बा अनुभव था। वे उसके पास अपने फोटोग्राफों पर फ्रेम लगाने के लिए दे जाया करते थे। अपने अनुभव से दत्ता जानता था कि उसके ग्राहक समय पर अपने फ्रेम लेने नहीं लेट आया करते थे। कई ग्राहक तो कभी भी नहीं आते थे। नया ग्राहक दत्ता द्वारा अपना फ्रेम बनवाने के लिए काफी उत्सुक था।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

वह यह पूछने देय तारीख से चार दिन पहले आ टपका कि क्या उसका फ्रेम तैयार था। वह जानना चाहता था क्या यह मंगलवार तक तैयार होगा। दत्ता समझता था कि नये ग्राहक को फोटो से बड़ी जबरदस्त आसक्ति थी। वह जानता था कि यदि उसने फ्रेम वायदा की गई तारीख को न दिया तो लफड़ा होगा।

Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What impression do you form about Datta, the frame-maker ?
चौखटा बनाने वाले दत्ता के बारे तुम्हारी क्या राये है ?
Answer:
Datta was a frame-maker by profession. He was the owner of The Modern Frame Works. It was a modest shop. It was like a large wooden-box. It was between a medical store and a radio repair shop. Datta did not give the impression of being healthy or stout.

He had a curved figure. He used to sit in his shop. There was hardly any space for the customer to sit there. He sat working on frames for the whole day. He was a silent, hard-working man. He gave brief answers to the questions his customers asked.

He did not allow casual fuends to disturb him in his work. He was always seen sitting and doing his work. He had many things lying around him related with his profession. He had to stand up from time to time to look for a lost piece of wood, a pencil or a glass cutter. The walls of his shop were covered with pictures of actors, sportsmen, gods, national leaders, wedding couples. He used to get several orders from customers for frame-making.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

So he understood the psychology of his customers. He knew how to satisfy them. Some customers were eager to have their order to be carried out in time. Others did not bother. They never came back even once to see if their order for frame-making had been carried out.

Datta was a very diligent and honest worker. He did not deceive anyone. He did not give inferior things to his customers. When he lost the photograph of the customer’s grandfather in the story, he was much worried. He tried to satisfy him by giving him a square mount instead of an oval cut mount ordered by the customer.

व्यवसाय से दत्ता चौखटा बनाने वाला था। वह The Modern Frame Works का मालिक था। यह एक साधारण सी दुकान थी। दुकान एक लकड़ी के बड़े बक्से की तरह थी। यह दुकान एक मेडीकल स्टोर और रेडियो मरम्मत करने वाली दुकान के बीच थी। Datta स्वस्थ और हृष्ट पुष्ट नहीं दिखता था। उसका शरीर अन्दर की ओर मुढ़ा हुआ था।

वह अपनी दुकान में बैठा करता था। ग्राहक के लिए वहां बैठने की कोई जगह नहीं थी। वह सारा दिन फ्रेमों पर काम करता रहता था। वह खामोश रहने वाला परिश्रमी व्यक्ति था। अपने ग्राहकों द्वारा प्रश्नों का वह संक्षिप्त से उत्तर देता था। वह अपने अनियमित मित्रों को अपने काम को अस्त-व्यस्त करने की आज्ञा नहीं देता था। वह सदा अपनी दुकान में बैठा हुआ काम करता दिखाई देता था।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

उसकी दुकान में उसके पेशे से सम्बन्धित कई चीजें पड़ी दिखाई देती थीं। उसे कभी-कभी काम छोड़ कर किसी खोई हुई चीज़ जैसे लकड़ी का टुकड़ा, पैंसिल या शीशा काटने वाला यंत्र ढूंढ़ने के लिए खड़े होना पड़ता था। उसकी दुकान की दीवारें अभिनेताओं, खिलाड़ियों, देवताओं, राष्ट्रीय नेताओं, विवाहित जोड़ों के चित्रों से भरी हुई थीं। उसको फ्रेम बनाने के ग्राहकों द्वारा कई आर्डर दिए जाते थे। इसलिए वह अपने ग्राहकों के मनोविज्ञान को जानता था। वह उनको सन्तुष्ट करना जानता था। कुछ ग्राहक अपने आर्डर को समय पर पूरा करवाने को उत्सुक होते थे।

अन्य परवाह नहीं करते थे। वे एक बार भी पूछने नहीं आते थे कि क्या उनका फ्रेम बनवाने का आर्डर पूरा हो गया था। दत्ता बहुत मेहनती और ईमानदारी कारीगर था। वह किसी को धोखा नहीं देता था। वह अपने ग्राहकों को घटिया चीजें नहीं देता था। जब उसने अपने ग्राहक के दादा की फोटो को गम कर दिया, तो वह बहुत चिन्तित हो गया। उसके ग्राहक ने उसको अंडाकार फ्रेम चढ़ाने का आर्डर दिया था लेकिन उसने उसको वर्गाकार फ्रेम चढ़ाकर सन्तुष्ट करने की कोशिश की।

Question 2.
Datta found a solution to his problem. Did it really work for him ? Justify your answer.
‘Datta ने अपनी समस्या का हल ढूंढ लिया। क्या वह इसमें सचमुच सफल हुआ ? अपने उत्तर को ठीक सिद्ध करें।
Answer:
Datta had to deliver the frame to the new customer. Unluckily he ruined the photograph by dropping paint on it and later on rubbing it hard with cloth. He decided to find a similar photograph and frame it. He feared that the customer

might discover that it was a fake photograph. So he got a photograph from the box which looked like the old man’s double. He looked resplendent in his gold frame. He forgot that he was taking one of the greatest risks any frame-maker took.

He became bold enough to challenge the customer. If his faking was discovered, he was ready to reject the issue of faking if the new customer said so. The customer came and asked Datta if the frame was ready.

At this very time the customer uttered some flattering words to Datta for his promptness. He spread his arms widely with enthusiasm. Datta however took some time in removing the wrapper from the frame. He finally revealed the glittering frame and held it towards the customer. The customer seemed very much impressed by its beauty.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

Datta wondered if the customer would discover the trick he had played on him. He told Datta angrily that he had asked for a cut mount with an oval shape but he had given him a square one. Datta had already prepared himself for such a situation.

The situation was open-ended. The customer would have discovered even the person in the photo was a fake one. The needle of suspicion on Datta’s integrity would be there. So his justification was still far away.

Datta ने नए ग्राहक को फ्रेम देना था। दुर्भाग्यवश उसने फोटो पर पेंट डाल कर और बाद में उसने इस को कपड़े से रगड़ कर खराब कर दिया। उसने निर्णय किया कि वह एक वैसा ही फोटो ढूंढकर उस पर फ्रेम चढ़ा देगा। उसको डर था कि कहीं ग्राहक को पता न लग जाये कि यह नकली फोटो है। इसलिए उसने अपनी दुकान में पड़े एक बक्से में से एक फोटो निकाला जो ग्राहक के दादा की शक्ल से मिलताजुलता था।

वह gold frame में बहुत समुजवल लगता था। वह यह भूल गया कि वह एक ऐसा जोखिम ले रहा था जो आज तक किसी चौखटा बनाने वाले ने लिया हो। वह ग्राहक का सामना करने के लिए पर्याप्त रूप से साहसी बन गया। यदि उसकी जालसाजी पकड़ी गई तो वह नए ग्राहक द्वारा कही गई जालसाजी की बात को रद्द कर देगा।

ग्राहक आया और उसने पूछा क्या फ्रेम तैयार था। ग्राहक ने इसी समय चापलूसी के कुछ शब्द दत्ता को उसकी तत्परता के लिए कहे। उसने उत्साह में अपनी बाहें फैला दीं। लेकिन दत्ता ने चौखटे पर से आवरण हटाने में कुछ समय लिया। Datta ने अन्त में चमकते हुए फ्रेम को दिखला दिया और इसे उसके सामने कर दिया। ग्राहक इस की सुन्दरता से बहुत प्रभावित हो गया।

परन्तु फिर उसने दत्ता को क्रोध भरे शब्दों में कहा कि उसने अण्डाकार फोटो फ्रेम चढ़ाने के लिए कहा था लेकिन उसने उसे वर्गाकार करके चढ़ा दिया है। दत्ता ने पहले ही स्वयम् को इस स्थिति के लिए तैयार कर रखा था। यह एक खुली स्थिति थी। ग्राहक को इस बात का भी पता चल सकता था कि फोटो भी और किसी की थी। Datta की ईमानदारी के ऊपर शक की सुई ज़रूर संकेत करती है। इसलिए दत्ता का अपने आप को ठीक सिद्ध कर लेना दूर की बात है।

Objective Type Questions

This question will consist of 3 objective type questions carrying one mark each. These objective questions will include questions to be answered in one word to one sentence or fill in the blank or true/false or multiple choice type questions.

Question 1.
Where was the shop ‘The Modern Frame Works’ situated ?
Answer:
It was situated in an empty space between a medical store and a radio repair shop.

Question 2.
Who was the owner of ‘The Modern Frame Works’ ?
Answer:
Datta was its owner

Question 3.
What were the walls of this shop covered with ?
Answer:
They were covered with pictures of gods, saints, hockey players, children, cheap prints of the Mona Lisa, National Leaders, wedding couples, Urdu handwriting sheets, the snow-clad volcano, Fujiyama etc.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

Question 4.
What did the customer want ?
Answer:
The customer wanted a photograph of his grandfather to be framed.

Question 5.
What types of frames did Datta show to the customer ?
Answer:
Datta showed the customer a number of samples : plain, decorative, floral, geometrical, thin, hefty and so forth.

Question 6.
What did Datta do to help the customer to make his choice ?
Answer:
Datta recommended one frame with a number of gold leaves and winding creepers, imported from Germany.

Question 7.
What price did Datta quote for the frame selected by his customer ?
Answer:
The price quoted was rupees seventeen.

Question 8.
What was Datta’s experience about his customers ?
Answer:
His experience was that his customers never came punctually to collect their photoframes.

Question 9.
For whom did Datta make frames ?
Answer:
Datta made frames for those who wanted to show or pay their homage to the person in the picture.

Question 10.
How did the photograph get damaged ? (V.V. Imp.)
Answer:
First a tin of paint emptied on the photograph and later efforts to clean the paint damaged the photograph.

Question 11.
How did Datta try to rescue the picture ?
Answer:
Datta rubbed the fallen paint on the picture very hard and made a mess of it.

Question 12.
What solution did Datta finally come up with?
Answer:
He thought of putting the old man’s double in a golden frame to pass it on to his customer.

Question 13.
Why were the days that followed were filled with suspense and anxiety?
Answer:
They were filled with suspense and anxiety because Datta feared that the customer would catch him at an odd moment.

Question 14.
What effect did the picture have on the customer?
Answer:
The customer was struck by the beauty of the frame and became mum.

Question 15.
What was the customer’s complaint regarding the frame ?
Answer:
He complained that the frame-maker had given him a square frame instead of the oval shape ordered by him.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

Question 16.
The Modern Frame Works was one of these : (Choose the correct name) a shop, a workshop, a factory.
Answer:
a shop.

Question 17.
The name of the shop was :
(i) The Ancient Frame Works
(ii) The Lovely Frame Works
(iii) The Modern Frame Works.
Answer:
(iii) The Modern Frame Works.

Question 18.
A large wooden packing case was placed on ………….. legs to make it look like a shop. Fill up the blank with the correct option : (strong, weak, shaky)
Answer:
shaky.

Question 19.
How did the frame-maker sit in his shop ?
Answer:
He sat hunched up.

Question 20.
Datta, the frame-maker did not have a ……….. body. (weak/strong)
Answer:
strong.

Question 21.
The frame-maker wore one of these glasses :
(i) Spectacles
(ii) Silver-rimmed glasses
(iii) Goggles.
Answer:
(ii) Silver-rimmed glasses.

Question 22.
List three things by which the frame-maker used to be surrounded.
Answer:
Card-board pieces, sheets, boxes of wood.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

Question 23.
What happened to Datta’s shop when he shook his dhoti to get some of the lost things?
Answer:
His whole shop shook.

The Gold Frame Summary in English

The Gold Frame Introduction:

This story has been written by R.K.Laxman who was India’s greatest cartoonist. He was well-known for his creation The Common Man’. The story is about a picture frame maker Datta. He was a silent and hard-working man. One day a customer came to his shop.

He wanted a frame for a photograph he had brought with him. It was a photograph of his late grandfather. The customer wanted the best frame for the photograph. Datta promised to keep it ready in two weeks. But by mistake the picture got damaged.

He found some other picture of a similar looking man. The customer failed to know that it was not the picture of his grandfather. His only complaint was that the picture was not framed according to his order.

The Gold Frame Summary in English:

The Modern Frame Works was the name of a shop. It was not a shop made of bricks and cement and wood. It was a very large wooden packing case. It was placed on shaky legs. It was fixed in an empty space between a medical store and a radio repair shop.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

Datta was its owner. He did not have a strong body. He wore silver-rimmed glasses. He had the complexion of seasoned timber. Datta was a silent, hard-working man. He gave very brief answers to his customers. He did not encourage casual friends to come to his shop. He was always seen sitting hunched

up. He was surrounded by cardboard pieces, bits of wood, glass sheets, boxes of nails, glue bottles, paint-tins and other things needed for putting a picture in a frame. In this mixture of things a glass cutter or a pencil, a tub was often lost. Then he looked for his missing things impatiently.

Many times he had to stand up and shake his dhoti to get the lost thing. This operation shook his whole shop. The pictures on the walls gently went on swinging.

Every inch of space in the shop was covered by a picture. Several odd things were lying in his shop. One day a customer standing outside the shop told Datta that he wanted a picture framed. Datta just ignored him and went on driving screws into the sides of a frame.

He wanted a good job to be done without bothering about its cost. The customer placed before Datta a photograph of an old man. It was a good bright photograph.

Datta remained bent over his work. He asked the customer what kind of frame he would want for the photograph. The customer wanted the best kind of frame. Datta then saw the photograph. He was an elderly person of those days. It was the standard portrait of a grandfather.

At least half a dozen people came to him every month bringing similar portraits. They wanted to show their respect to the person in the picture in the shape of a glittering frame.

The customer began to describe the qualities of the man in the picture. He said that he was kind, noble, charitable. If there had been a few more persons like him, it would have been a different place. Of course, there are some wicked people who are out to disagree with him. The customer says that his grandfather is God in his home. Datta then asked the customer what kind of frame he wanted. The customer said that he wanted the best.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

He said that he did not have inferior stuff in his shop. He was shown a number of samples. The customer was puzzled by seeing so many varieties of frames. He did not want a cheap frame for his grandfather’s portrait. Datta recommended a frame with a number of gold leaves and winding creepers. He also told the customer that this frame was imported from Germany.

The customer felt impressed. Datta asked the customer if he wanted a plain mount or a cut mount. The customer felt puzzled. He had no answer. Datta told him that a cut mount would look better. He said that the total expense would be seventeen rupees.

The customer tried to bargain. Datta did not reply to the customer and returned to his corner. The customer then asked Datta when it would be ready. He said that it would be ready within two weeks from the day.

Datta knew from his experience that his customers did not come punctually. They came days in advance and went away disappointed or they came months later and some never turned up at all. So he made frames for those who came to him and visited him at least twice before he actually executed their orders.

Ten days later the customer came and enquired if the picture had been framed. Datta merely nodded his head. He wanted to know if the frame would be ready by Tuesday. Datta decided to get the frame ready. Next morning he made that his first job. Then he looked for the pencil to mark the measurements. As usual the picture was missing. He felt angry. Then he stood up to shake up the folds of his dhoti. But still he could not get the picture.

He upset the tin containing enamel paint and it landed right on the sacred photograph of the old man emptying its contents on it. Datta felt very much upset. Then the glasses of his spectacles clouded with perspiration and screened his vision.

He wanted to save the picture but he made a worse mess of it. He rubbed the picture so hard with a cloth. The old man’s face was nearly gone. He was feeling absolutely hopeless. He could not make out what answer he would give to his customer when he came to ask for the frame.

He had no way to tackle the problem: The gods in pictures on the walls seemed to tell him that he should pray. He stared at the gods. Datta looked at a photograph on the wall of his shop. He looked at so many photographs lying in the wooden box. He worked very hard at finding the old man’s substitute. After a couple of hours work, he proudly surveyed the old man’s double.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

He thought of taking a similar photograph. He feared that his customer might challenge him to say that it was a fake photograph of his grandfather. In that case, he thought of telling the customer that he had brought that picture for framing. He could take it or leave it. The days that followed were filled with anxiety and suspense.

The customer turned up after a few days later and asked Datta if his picture frame was ready. Datta gave the framed photograph to the customer. The customer was very much impressed by the beauty of the frame. The frame-maker was afraid and nervous.

He feared that the customer would come to know that somebody else’s photo had been framed. The customer told the frame-maker that he had asked for a cut mount with an oval shape. But he had given him the frame with a square look. Obviously it had not been according to his order.

The Gold Frame Summary in Hindi

The Gold Frame Introduction:

यह कहानी R.K.Laxman ने लिखी है जो कि भारत का सबसे बड़ा Cartoonist (व्यंग्य चित्रकार) था। वह अपनी रचना ‘The Common Man’ के नाम से बहुत जाना जाता था। यह कहानी एक फोटो के चौखटा बनाने वाले के बारे है जिसका नाम दत्ता था। वह एक खामोश और परिश्रमी व्यक्ति था।

एक दिन एक ग्राहक उसकी दुकान पर आया। वह अपने साथ एक फोटोग्राफ लाया और उसके लिए उसे एक चौखटा चाहिये था। यह फोटो उसके स्वर्गीय दादा जी की थी। ग्राहक को उस फोटो के लिए बेहतरीन चौखटा (frame) चाहिये था। दत्ता ने वादा किया वह इस फ्रेम (चौखटा) को दो हफ्तों में तैयार कर देगा।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

लेकिन गल्ती से चित्र क्षतिग्रस्त हो गया। उसको इस फोटोग्राफ से मिलता-जुलता एक और फोटोग्राफ मिल गया। ग्राहक को यह पता न लग सका कि यह उसके दादा जी का फोटोग्राफ नहीं था। उसको केवल यही शिकायत थी कि चौखटा उसके आर्डर के अनुकूल नहीं बनाया गया था।

The Gold Frame Summary in Hindi:

The Modern Frame Works एक दुकान का नाम था। यह दुकान ईटों और सीमेन्ट और लकड़ी की नहीं बनी हुई थी। यह एक बहुत बड़ी लकड़ी की पेटी या बक्सा था। यह अस्थिर या हिलने-जुलने वाले पायों पर खड़ी थी। इसको एक खाली स्थान में एक Medical store और एक रेडियो मुरम्मत करने वाली दुकान के मध्य में जमा दिया गया था या अचल कर दिया था। Datta इसका मालिक था। उसका शरीर कोई मज़बूत नहीं था।

वह चाँदी के फ्रेम वाला चश्मा पहनता था। उसका रंग पूर्णरूप से तैयार सिझायी की गई लकड़ी की तरह था। . Datta एक खामोश और परिश्रमी व्यक्ति था। वह अपने ग्राहकों को बड़े संक्षिप्त उत्तर दिया करता था।

वह आकस्मिक मित्रों को अपनी दुकान पर नहीं आने दिया करता था। वह सदा झुके हुए बैठा देखा जा सकता था। उसके इर्द-गिर्द गत्ते के टुकड़े, लकड़ी के टुकड़े, शीशे की शीटें (चादरें), कीलों के डिब्बे, चिपकाने वाली गोंद की बोतलें, पेंट के डिब्बे और अन्य छोटी-2 चीजें पड़ी रहती थीं। ये सब चीजें picture को frame (चौखटा) में लगाने के लिए आवश्यक थीं। इन चीजों के मिले-जुले होने के कारण glass काटने वाला यन्त्र या एक पैंसिल

का टुकड़ा प्रायः खो जाया करता था। फिर वह अपनी गुमशुदा चीज़ों को बड़ी बेसब्री से ढूंढता था। कई बार उसको खड़े हो कर अपनी धोती को हिलाना पड़ता था ताकि उसको खोई चीज़ मिल सके। इस प्रक्रिया से उसकी सारी दुकान हिल जाया करती थी। दीवार पर टंगी हुई या लगी हुई तस्वीरें बड़ी नर्मी से झूलती थीं।

दुकान का हर इंच स्थान तस्वीर से ढका रहता था। कई अजीब चीजें उसकी दुकान में पड़ी होती थीं। एक दिन दुकान के बाहर खड़े एक ग्राहक ने Datta को बताया कि उसको एक फोटोग्राफ़ पर एक चौखटा चढ़वाना था। Datta ने उसकी ओर ध्यान नहीं दिया और वह एक चौखटा की side में पेंच लगाता रहा।

ग्राहक चाहता था कि वह कीमत की परवाह न करते हुए चौखटे पर अच्छा काम करे। उसने दत्ता के सामने एक बूढ़े व्यक्ति का फोटो रख दिया। यह फोटोग्राफ़ अच्छा और चमकीला था। दत्ता अपने काम पर झुका रहा। उसने ग्राहक को पूछा कि उसको किस प्रकार का फोटो फ्रेम चाहिये। ग्राहक ने कहा कि उसे सबसे बढ़िया फोटो फ्रेम चाहिये।

Datta ने फिर फोटोग्राफ़ देखा। फोटोग्राफ़ का व्यक्ति उन दिनों का बुजुर्ग व्यक्ति था। यह एक दादा का आदर्श फोटोग्राफ़ था। कम से कम आधा दर्जन लोग उसके पास हर रोज़ आते थे और अपने साथ ऐसे ही फोटोग्राफ़ लाते थे। वे चित्र में व्यक्ति के लिए अपना आदर दिखाना चाहते थे और उसके फोटो को एक चमकदार फ्रेम में रखना चाहते थे।

ग्राहक ने फोटोग्राफ़ वाले व्यक्ति के गुणों का बखान करना. आरम्भ कर दिया। उसने कहा कि वह दयालु, भला और उदार था। यदि उस जैसे और व्यक्ति होते, तो संसार भी और तरह का होता। निस्संदेह कुछ बुरे आदमी भी हैं जो उसके साथ सहमत न होंगे। ग्राहक तो यह भी कहता है कि उसके दादा उसके घर में परमात्मा के समान हैं। दत्ता फिर ग्राहक को पूछता है कि उसको किस प्रकार का फ्रेम चाहिए। ग्राहक ने कहा कि उसको सर्वोत्तम फ्रेम चाहिये।

फ्रेम मेकर (Datta) ने कहा कि उसकी दुकान में घटिया माल नहीं है। उसने उसको कई नमूने दिखाये। ग्राहक अपने दादा के लिए कोई सस्ता फ्रेम नहीं चाहता था। Datta ने एक ऐसे फ्रेम की सिफ़ारिश की जिस पर काफी संख्या में सोने के पत्ते थे और ऊपर को जाती हुई बेले थीं। Datta ने ग्राहक को बताया कि यह फ्रेम Germany से मंगवाया गया था।

ग्राहक प्रभावित हो गया। Datta ने ग्राहक से पूछा कि उसे साधारण बनावट या सजावटी बनावट वाला चाहिए। ग्राहक उलझन में था। उसके पास उत्तर नहीं था। Datta ने उसे बताया कि सजावटी बनावट वाला अधिक बढ़िया लगेगा। उसके कहा कि कुल खर्च 14 रुपये होगा। ग्राहक ने सौदेबाजी करने की कोशिश की।

Datta ने ग्राहक को जवाब नहीं दिया और अपने कोने में वापिस लौट गया। तब ग्राहक ने Datta से पूछा कि यह कब तक तैयार होगा। उसने कहा कि यह उस दिन से लेकर दो सप्ताह में तैयार हो जायेगा। Datta अपने अनुभव से जानता था कि उसके ग्राहक फोटो फ्रेम के लिए समय पर नहीं आया करते थे। वे कई दिन पहले आ जाते थे और निराश हो कर चले जाते थे या कई महीनों देर से आया करते थे और कई ग्राहक कभी भी नहीं आते थे।

इसलिए वह फ्रेम उसके लिए बनाता था जो उसके पास कम से कम दो बार उनके order को अमल में लाने से पहले आ जाते थे। दस दिन के बाद ग्राहक आया और उसने Datta से पूछा क्या चित्र को फ्रेम में लगा दिया गया था।

Datta ने केवल अपना सिर हिलाया। वह जानना चाहता था कि फ्रेम मंगलवार तक मिल जायेगा। Datta ने फ्रेम तैयार करने का निर्णय किया। अगली प्रातः उसने उस काम को करना चाहा। फिर उसने पैंसिल को ढूंढना शुरु किया ताकि वह माप ले सके। Pencil गुम थी। उसे क्रोध आ गया।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame

फिर वह खड़ा हो गया और उसने अपनी धोती की तहों को हिलाया। लेकिन फिर भी उसको फोटो नहीं मिली। उसने enamel पेंट से भरे हुए डिब्बे को उलट दिया और यह पेंट उस बूढ़े के पवित्र फोटोग्राफ पर जा गिरा। तब Datta घबराकर अशान्त हो गया। फिर उसके चश्मे के शीशे पसीने के कारण मद्धम हो गये और उसकी नज़र पर बादल की तरह दिखने लगे।

Word Meanings:

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame 1
PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 4 The Gold Frame 2

 

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

Punjab State Board PSEB 12th Class English Book Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

PSEB Solutions for Class 12 English Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Ramlal was not worried about his children except Bholi. Why? (Feb. 2017)
रामलाल को भोली के सिवा किसी और बच्चे की चिन्ता नहीं थी। क्यों ?
Answer:
Ramlal had seven children. They were three sons and four daughters. Bholi was the youngest of the four. Ramlal was a prosperous farmer. All the children except Bholi were healthy and strong. The sons had been sent to the city to study in schools and later in colleges.

The eldest daughter Radha had already been married. The second daughter Mangla’s marriage had also been settled. After Mangla’s marriage, he would think of the third Champa. They were good-looking and healthy girls. It was not difficult to find bridegrooms for them. But Ramlal was worried about Bholi. She was neither good-looking nor intelligent. He felt that it would be very difficult to find a bridegroom for Bholi.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

रामलाल के सात बच्चे थे। वे थे तीन बेटे और चार बेटियां। भोली चारों बेटियों में से सबसे छोटी थी। रामलाल एक समृद्ध किसान था। भोली के सिवा सब बच्चे स्वस्थ और हष्ट-पुष्ट थे। लड़कों को शहर भेज दिया गया ताकि पहले वे स्कूल में पढ़ें और फिर कॉलिज में। सबसे बड़ी लड़की राधा की पहले ही शादी हो चुकी थी।

दूसरी लड़की मंगला की शादी भी तय हो चुकी थी। मंगला की शादी के बाद, वह तीसरी बेटी चम्पा के बारे विचार करेगा। वे सुन्दर और स्वस्थ लड़कियाँ थीं। उनके लिए दूल्हे ढूंढ लेना कोई मुश्किल नहीं था। परन्तु रामलाल को भोली के बारे बहुत चिन्ता थी। उसने महसूस किया कि भोली के लिए दूल्हा ढूंढ़ लेना बहुत कठिन होगा।

Question 2.
Write in brief a character-sketch of Bholi’s teacher. (V. Imp.) (Feb. 2017)
संक्षेप में भोली की अध्यापिका का चरित्र-चित्रण करें।
Answer:
Bholi’s teacher was a kind lady. She asked Bholi her name. Being a stammerer Bholi said BHO…BHO…BHO. She could not go further than Bho. The school bell rang. Her teacher again called her in a very soothing voice. The kind teacher asked Bholi her name again. For the sake of this kind teacher she decided to make an effort. Bholi knew that she would not laugh at her.

She began to stammer. The teacher encouraged her. She asked Bholi to tell her. full name. At last with the teacher’s sympathetic encouragement, she was able to say her name. She was an ideal teacher.

भोली की टीचर एक दयालु महिला थी। उसने Bholi को उसका नाम पूछा। एक हकलाने वाली होने के नाते Bholi ने Bho…Bho…Bho रुककर कहा। वह Bho कहने के बाद आगे न जा सकी। स्कूल की घंटी बजी। टीचर ने फिर भोली को बुलाया। उसने सन्तोष देने वाली आवाज़ में उसको बुलाया। दयालु टीचर ने भोली को फिर उसका नाम पूछा।

दयालु टीचर की खातिर भोली ने प्रयत्न करने की कोशिश की। भोली जानती थी कि वह उस पर नहीं हंसेगी। टीचर उसको हिम्मत देती थी। टीचर भोली की हिम्मत बढ़ाती थी। यह वह टीचर थी जिसने भोली को आत्मनिर्भर, विश्वस्त और दलेर बनने के लिए तैयार किया जोकि पहले एक गूंगी गाय थी।

वह अपना नाम साफ-2 बोलने में सक्षम हो गई। उसने एक लालची, कमीने, कायर और घृणा योग्य पति के साथ शादी करने से इन्कार कर दिया। उसने उसी स्कूल में टीचर बन कर पढ़ाने का मन बना लिया। उसने इस टीचर से बहुत कुछ सीखा था। वह भी लड़कियों में जागृति पैदा करेगी।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

Question 3.
Write in brief a character-sketch of Bishamber.
संक्षेप में बिशम्बर का चरित्र-चित्रण करें।
Answer:
Bishamber was a greedy man. His greed came to be known to Bholi on their wedding day. He had to garland Bholi in the marriage mandap. He sair pockmarks on her face. He asked his friend if he had seen pock-marks on her face.

His friend told him that he was not young either. But he said that Bholi’s father must give him five thousand rupees. Ramlal had to give him the demanded amount. Bishamber felt victorious. Bholi refused to marry such a greedy man. Bishamber had to go back with his marriage party.

बिशम्बर लालची आदमी था। भोली को बिशम्बर के लालच का ज्ञान उनकी शादी के दिन ही पता चल गया। उसको शादी के मंडप में भोली को हार पहनाना था। उसने उसके चेहरे पर चेचक के धब्बे देख लिये। उसने अपने मित्र को पूछा क्या उसने भोली के चेहरे पर चेचक के धब्बे देखे थे।

उसके मित्र ने उसको उत्तर दिया कि वह भी तो नौजवान नहीं था। लेकिन उसने कहा कि भोली के पिता को उसे 5 हज़ार रुपये अवश्य देने चाहिए। रामलाल को उसे मांगी गई धन-राशि देनी पड़ी। बिशम्बर ने अपने आपको विजयी समझा। भोली ने ऐसे लालची आदमी से शादी करने से इन्कार कर दिया। बिशम्बर को अपनी बारात के साथ वापस लौटना पड़ा।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Describe, in brief, the early childhood of Bholi.
संक्षेप में Bholi के बचपन के प्रारम्भिक दिनों का वर्णन करे।
Answer:
Her real name was Sulekha. But since her childhood everyone had been calling her Bholi, the simpleton. She was the fourth daughter of Numberdar Ramlal. When she was ten months old, she had fallen off the cot on her head. This had damaged some part of her brain. She became a mentally retarded child. So she was called Bholi, the simpleton.

At birth, she was very pretty and fair. At the age of two, she had an attack of smallpox. Her eyes were safe but her entire body got permanently disfigured by deep black pock marks. She could not speak till she was five. Then she used to stammer. The other children often made fun of her. So she talked very little. She was one of the seven siblings.

She had three sisters and three brothers. Her brothers had gone to the city to study in schools and later in colleges. Her sisters were healthy and good-looking. Bholi was neither good-looking nor intelligent.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

उसका असली नाम सुलेखा था। लेकिन उसके बचपन से ही सब उसको भोली कह कर बुलाते थे, भोली बुद्ध। वह नम्बरदार रामलाल की चौथी बेटी थी। जब वह दस महीने की हुई तो वह अपनी चारपाई से अपने सिर के बल गिर गई। इसने उसके दिमाग के किसी भाग में क्षति पहुँचाई थी। वह दिमागी तौर पर एक पिछड़ा हुआ बच्चा बन गई।

इस लिए उसको बुद्ध Bholi कहकर पुकारा जाने लगा। अपने जन्म के समय वह बहुत गोरी-चिट्टी थी। दो साल की आयु में उसे चेचक का आक्रमण हो गया। उसकी आँखें तो सुरक्षित रहीं लेकिन सारा शरीर काले चेचक के धब्बों से स्थाई तौर पर बदशक्ल हो गया। पाँच वर्ष की आयु से पहले वह बोल भी नहीं सकती थी।

फिर वह हकलाती थी। दूसरे बच्चे प्रायः उसका मजाक उड़ाते थे। इसलिए वह बहुत कम बातें करती थी। वह सात भाई-बहनों में एक थी। उसके तीन भाई और तीन बहनें थीं। उसके भाई शहर में पहले स्कूल और फिर कॉलिज में पढ़ने के लिए चले गये थे। उसकी बहनें स्वस्थ और देखने में सुन्दर थीं। Bholi न देखने में सुन्दर थी न बुद्धि वाी थी।

Objective Type Questions

This question will consist of 3 objective type questions carrying one mark each. These objective questions will include questions to be answered in one word to one sentence or fill in the blank or true/false or multiple choice type questions.

Question 1.
How many siblings did Bholi have ?
Answer:
Bholi had six siblings-three brothers and three sisters.

Question 2.
Why was Sulekha called Bholi ?
Answer:
Because of damage to her brain, she became a backward child and so was called Bholi, the simpleton.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

Question 3.
What was the effect of small-pox on Bholi ?
Answer:
Her body was permanently disfigured.

Question 4.
Why did children make fun of Bholi ?
Answer:
They made fun of her because of her stammering.

Question 5.
Why was Ramlal worried about Bholi ?
Answer:
He was worried about Bholi because she had neither good looks nor intelligence for getting married.

Question 6.
Why did the Tehsildar come to the village ?
Answer:
He came to the village to perform the opening ceremony of the primary school.

Question 7.
Why did the Tehsildar want Ramlal to send his daughters to the school ?
Answer:
He wanted Ramlal to do this as he must set an example to the villagers being an agent of the government in the village.

Question 8.
Why did Ramlal’s wife agree to send Bholi, but not other daughters to school ? (V.V. Imp.)
Answer:
She agreed to send Bholi to school because she had no chance of getting married with her ugly face and lack of sense ; other beautiful daughters had no chance of getting married, if they went to school.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

Question 9.
Why was Bholi glad to see so many girls of her own age at school ?
Answer:
She was glad because she hoped that one of these girls would become her friend.

Question 10.
What happened when the teacher asked Bholi her name?
Answer:
Sweat broke out over her whole body but then she stammered her name Bho-Bho Bho.

Question 11.
Why did Bholi’s parents agree to Bishamber’s proposal for Bholi ?
Answer:
They agreed to the proposal fearing if they did not accept it, she may remain unmarried all her life.

Question 12.
How did Bishamber come to wed Bholi ?
Answer:
Bishamber came to wed Bholi with a big party of friends and relatives on a decorated horse and led by a band.

Question 13.
Why did Bishamber demand five thousand rupees as dowry?
Answer:
He wanted five thousand rupees as dowry as his would-be wife Bholi had pock marks on her face.

Question 14.
Why did Bholi refuse to marry Bishamber?
Answer:
She did not want to marry a mean, greedy and hateful coward as Bishamber.

Question 15.
Bishamber was a heartless man. (True/False)
Answer:
True.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

Question 16.
An old woman said that Bholi was a ………… girl. (Fill up the blank with a suitable word) (shameless/proud)
Answer:
shameless.

Question 17.
Bishamber demanded a dowry of 5000 rupees from Bholi’s father. (True/False)
Answer:
True.

Question 18.
Bholi’s school teacher felt the satisfaction of …… (Choose the correct option)
(i) a singer
(ii) a dancer
(iii) an artist.
Answer:
(iii) an artist.

Question 19.
Write how Bholi used three pauses in telling her name.
Answer:
Bho-Bho-Bho-Bholi.

Question 20.
Bholi had neither beauty nor intelligence. (True/False)
Answer:
True.

Question 21.
Bishamber was a …………… by profession. (labourer/dancer/grocer)
Answer:
grocer.

Question 22.
Pick up the correct word for Bholi’s trouble in speaking. (stuttering, lisping,stammering).
Answer:
Stammering.

Bholi Summary in English

Bholi Introduction:

This story tells us about a girl named Sulekha who was called Bholi because she was a simpleton. She was a neglected child. She used to stammer. She was disliked and neglected by everyone. So she had an inferiority complex. She was guided by her primary school teacher properly.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

Her education gave her the courage and capability to fight against her weakness. She refused to marry an elderly man Bishamber Nath who was a greedy person. Her education helped her to be independent. Her right decision made her respectable in her society.

Bholi Summary in English:

She was called Bholi, the simpleton although her name was Sulekha. She was fourth daughter of Numberdar Ramlal. When she was ten months old, she fell off her cot and received an injury on some part of her brain. She remained a backward child.

She came to be known as Bholi, the simpleton. At her birth, she was very fair and pretty. At the age of two she had an attack of small-pox. Only her eyes were saved. Her entire body was permanently disfigured by deep black pock-marks.

She could not speak till she was five. When she learnt to speak, she stammered. The other children often made fun of her and mimicked her. As a result, she talked very little. She had three brothers and three sisters. She was the youngest of them all.

Her father was a wealthy farmer. All the children except Bholi were healthy. The brothers had been sent to the city to study in schools and later in colleges. Radha, the eldest girl, was already married.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

The second daughter Mangla’s marriage had also been settled. The third daughter Champa was waiting to be married. They were good looking girls. They would easily get bridegrooms. Ramlal was worried about Bholi. She had neither good looks nor intelligence.

Mangla was married when Bholi was seven. The same year a primary school was opened in their village. The Tehsildar performed the opening ceremony of the school. He told Ramlal, the Numberdar, to send his daughters to school. His wife did not like this idea.

She was of the view if girls went to school, nobody would marry them. But Ramlal did not have the courage to disobey the Tehsildar. Ramlal and his wife sent Bholi to school as she had no chance to get married. He told his wife to dress Bholi in good clothes and send her to school. Previously she used to wear old clothes worn by her sisters.

Ramlal and. Bholi went to school. She was handed over to the headmistress. Bholi was glad to find so many girls of her own age present there. Bholi saw some pictures in the classroom. She felt fascinated by the colours. The teacher stood by her side.

She was smiling. The teacher asked her name. Since Bholi was a stammerer, she could not go further than Bh-Bh-Bho. She began to cry and tears began to flow from her eyes. She kept her head down. She saw the girls were laughing at her.

The school bell rang. All the girls ran out of their classes. The teacher called her in a very soft voice. She asked her to tell her name. She again said Bho-Bho-Bho-Bho. At last she was able to say Bholi. The teacher patted her affectionately and told her that she had done well.

She told Bholi to put the fear out of her heart and then she would be able to speak like everyone else. Bholi said that she would come to school every day. The teacher then told her to take the book.

The book was full of nice pictures and the pictures were in colour—dog, cat, goat, horse, parrot, tiger and a cow. She assured Bholi that she will be given a bigger book. After finishing she will get a still bigger one. In time she will be learned. Then nobody will laugh at her. She told her to come to school every day.

Bholi feit happy. She thought that she was having a new life. Thus the years passed. The village became a small town. Ramlal and his wife settled the marriage of Bholi with one Bishamber Nath who was an old man. He was a well-to do grocer.

His marriage party came in village. Bishamber told his friend in the marriage mandap that his would-be wife had pock marks on her face. His friend told him that it should not matter as he himself was quite old.

But Bishamber told Bholi’s father if he was to marry Bholi, her father must give him five thousand rupees. Ramlal begged Bishamber Nath not to humiliate him. He offered him two thousand rupees. He told him to be merciful. Bishamber told him to give him five thousand rupees.

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

Bholi threw a garland of her neck into the fire. She told her father that she was not going to marry this greedy old man who was lame. The guests began to say that she was shameless. Ramlal shouted at Bholi not to disgrace her family. Bholi said that for the sake of her father’s izzat she was willing to marry this lame old man. But now she will not marry such a mean, greedy and hateful coward.

An old woman said that she is a shameless girl. They all thought that she was a dumb cow. She said that the auntie was all right. That is why they had decided to hand her over to that heartless creature. Bishamber. Nath, the grocer, started to go back with his party. Ramlal stood rooted to the ground. His head was bowed low. The flames of the sacred fire slowly died down. Ramlal told Bholi that nobody would marry her.

She told her father not to worry. She said that she will serve her father in her old age. She will teach in the same school. Her teacher was present there. In her smiling eyes there was the light of a deep satisfaction that an artist feels when he sees the completion of his work.

Bholi Summary in Hindi

Bholi Introduction:

यह कहानी हमें एक लड़की के बारे में बताती है जिसका नाम सुलेखा था। उसको Bholi कह कर पुकारते थे क्योंकि वह बुद्ध थी। वह हकलाती थी। वह उपेक्षित बच्ची थी। उसको कोई पसन्द नहीं करता था। इसलिए उसमें हीन भावना थी। उसके प्राईमरी स्कूल की अध्यापिका ने उसको ठीक ढंग से मार्गदर्शन किया।

इसलिए उसकी शिक्षा ने उसको उत्साह और योग्यता प्रदान की ताकि वह अपनी कमज़ोरी के विरुद्ध लड़ सके। उसने एक वृद्ध व्यक्ति बिशम्बर नाथ से विवाह करने से इन्कार कर दिया। वह बहुत लालची आदमी था। उसकी शिक्षा ने उसको अपने पाँव पर खड़ा होने में सहायता की। उसके ठीक निर्णय ने उसको अपनी सोसाईटी में सम्मानित बना दिया।

Bholi Summary in Hindi:

उसको भोली कहते थे, वह बुद्ध थी यद्यपि उसका नाम सुलेखा था। वह नम्बरदार रामलाल की चौथी बंटी थी। जब वह दस मास की थी, वह अपनी चारपाई से गिर गई और उसके दिमाग के किसी भाग में चोट लग गई। वह एक पिछड़ी हुई बच्ची बन गई। उसको भोली, बुद्ध कह कर पुकारा जाने लगा। अपने जन्म के समय वह गोरी चिट्टी थी।

दो साल की आयु में उस पर चेचक का आक्रमण हो गया। केवल उसकी आंखें बची और उसका बाकी शरीर स्थाई तौर पर चेचक के काले निशानों के कारण बदशक्ल हो गया। पाँच साल की आयु तक तो वह बोल भी न सकी। जब वह बोलने लगी तो वह हकलाती थी। दूसरे बच्चे उसका मज़ाक उड़ाते थे और उसकी नकल भी करते थे।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

इसका नतीजा यह हुआ कि वह बहुत कम बातें करती थी। उसके तीन भाई और तीन बहनें थीं। वह आयु में सबसे छोटी थी। उसका बाप एक धनी ज़मींदार था। भोली को छोड़कर उसके सब बच्चे स्वस्थ थे। उसके भाइयों को स्कूल में पढ़ने के लिए शहर में भेजा गया और स्कूल के बाद college में।

सबसे बड़ी लड़की राधा की पहले ही शादी हो चुकी थी। दूसरी बेटी मंगला की शादी भी तय हो चुकी थी। तीसरी बेटी चम्पा शादी होने की प्रतीक्षा कर रही थी। वे सुन्दर दिखने वाली लड़कियाँ थीं। उनको आसानी से दूल्हे मिल जाने थे। रामलाल को भोली के बारे में बड़ी चिन्ता थी। न तो उसकी रूपरेखा अच्छी थी और न ही वह बुद्धिमान थी। जब भोली 7 वर्ष की थी तो मंगला की शादी हो गई। उसी वर्ष उनके गांव में एक प्राईमरी स्कूल खुल गया।

स्कूल का उदघाटन समारोह तहसीलदार ने किया। तहसीलदार ने रामलाल नम्बरदार को कहा कि वह अपनी बेटियों को स्कूल भेजे। उसकी पत्नी को यह राय अच्छी नहीं लगी। उसका विचार था कि यदि लड़कियाँ स्कूल पढ़ने जायेंगी तो उनसे कोई विवाह नहीं करेगा। लेकिन रामलाल में इतनी हिम्मत नहीं थी कि वह तहसीलदार का कहना न माने। रामलाल और उसकी पत्नी ने भोली को स्कूल भेज दिया क्योंकि उसके शादी होने का अवसर नहीं था। उसने अपनी पत्नी को कहा कि भोली को अच्छे कपड़े पहनाकर स्कूल भेजे। इससे पहले वह अपनी बहनों के पहने हुए पुराने कपड़े पहना करती थी।

रामलाल और भोली स्कूल गये। उसे headmistress के हवाले कर दिया गया। भोली अपनी आयु की बहुतसी लड़कियां वहां देखकर बहुत खुश हुई। उसने class-room में बहुत से चित्र देखे। वह रंगों को देखकर मन्त्रमुग्ध हो गई। उसकी teacher भी उसके पास खड़ी थी। वह मुस्करा रही थी। Teacher ने उसका नाम पूछा।

चूँकि वह हकलाती थी इसलिए वह अपने नाम को साफ ढंग से बोल नहीं सकी। वह Bho- के आगे न जा सकी। फिर उसने रोना आरम्भ कर दिया और उसकी आंखों से आंसू बहने लगे। उसने अपना सिर नीचे झुका लिया। उसने देखा कि दूसरी लड़कियाँ उस पर हंस रही थीं। इतने में स्कूल की घंटी बजी। सब लड़कियां अपनी classes से बाहर आ गई। भोली की teacher ने उसको बड़ी कोमल आवाज़ में बुलाया। उसने उसको अपना नाम बताने को कहा।

Bho-Bho-Bholi अन्त में वह Bholi कहने में सफल हो गई। टीचर ने बड़े प्यार से उसको थपकी दी और उसको उत्साहित भी किया। टीचर ने भोली को कहा कि वह अपने हृदय से भय को निकाल दे। तब वह सब की तरह साफ-साफ बोल सकेगी। भोली ने यह भी कहा कि वह प्रतिदिन स्कूल आयेगी। Teacher ने उसको कहा कि वह किताब को ले ले।

किताब में अच्छी-अच्छी तस्वीरें थीं और वे सब चित्र रंगीन थे-कुत्ता, बिल्ली, बकरी, घोड़ा, बाघ और गाय। उसने भोली को कहा कि इस किताब को समाप्त करने के बाद उसे इससे बड़ी पुस्तक मिलेगी। उसको समाप्त करने पर उससे भी बड़ी किताब मिलेगी। समय बीतने पर वह काफ़ी कुछ सीख जायेगी। तब कोई भी उसकी हंसी नहीं उड़ायेगा। उसने भोली को कहा कि उसे प्रतिदिन स्कूल आना चाहिए।

PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi

भोली प्रसन्न हो गई। उसने सोचा कि उसका नया जीवन आरम्भ हो रहा है। इस प्रकार वर्ष बीतते गये। गांव एक छोटा नगर बन गया। Ramlal ने भोली की शादी वहां के किरयाने के दुकानदार बिश्म्बरनाथ से कर देने का निर्णय कर लिया। शादी के दिन मंडप में बैठे हुए बिश्म्बरनाथ ने देखा कि उसकी होने वाली पत्नी के चेहरे पर चेचक के दाग हैं। बिश्म्बरनाथ के एक मित्र ने उसको बताया कि भोली के चेहरे पर चेचक के दाग थे।

Word Meanings:
PSEB 12th Class English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 3 Bholi 1