This PSEB 6th Class Social Science Notes Chapter 12 India: From 600 B.C. – 400 B.C. will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 6th Class Social Science Notes Chapter 12 India: From 600 B.C. – 400 B.C.
→ Janapadas: Janapadas were the republican or monarchical states established in Northern India around 600 B.C.
→ Republic: Republic, in the form of government in which power is held by the people or a group of elected persons or an elected chief.
→ Monarchy: Monarchy is the form of government in which power is held by a hereditary king or queen.
→ Mahajanapadas: The more powerful Janapadas were known as Mahajanapadas. There were sixteen Mahajanapadas around 600 B.C.
→ Among them, Magadha, Kosala, Vatsa, and Avanti were the most powerful.
→ Ashramas: Life was divided into four stages, called Ashramas. These Ashramas were Brahmacharya, Grihastha, Vanaprastha, and Sanyasa.
→ Barter System: Exchange of goods for goods is called the barter system.
→ Shrenis: Persons following the same profession organized themselves into unions or guilds. These unions or guilds were known as Shrenis.
→ Tirthankaras: Teachers of the Jains were known as the Tirthankaras. There were twenty-four Tirthankaras.
→ Nirvana: Nirvana means a state in which individuality merges into the Supreme Spirit and one becomes free from the cycle of birth and death.
→ Samgha: The supreme body of the Buddhist monks was known as Samgha.