This PSEB 6th Class Social Science Notes Chapter 11 The Vedic Age will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 6th Class Social Science Notes Chapter 11 The Vedic Age
→ The Vedic Civilization The Vedic Civilization is the period of Indian history, reconstruction of which is based on using the Vedic texts as a source.
→ The Aryans The people of Vedic Civilization are known as the Aryans. They were the people who came to India from North-Eastern Iran or Central Asia.
→ The Vedas The Vedas are the sacred books of the Hindus. These are the hymns composed in praise of the gods whom the Aryans worshipped. There are four Vedas Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda.
→ The Epics The Epics are poems narrating continuously great events of one or more heroes, about their bravery and the battles which they fought. The Ramayana and the Mahabharata are the two great Indian Epics.
→ Sabha and Samiti Sabha and Samiti were the assemblies of people with whom the king discussed very important matters.
→ Varna System: Varna system was the division of society into four groups according to their occupation and activities in society. There were four varnas: Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, and slaves.
→ Vish and Jana: “Vish’ means a clan. It was a group of families. The people of the tribe were called ‘Jana’.
→ Sura: Sura was an intoxicating drink consumed by a few ancient Aryans. It was considered bad and was condemned.