PSEB 12th Class Physical Education Practical Wrestling Free Style and Greeco Roman
Wrestling Free Style And Greeco Roman Game History
Wrestling is a barehanded combat game in which two opponents try to throw each other down and pin their shoulders to the ground using holds and techniques. This is one of the oldest forms of combat sports wrestling was an integral part of military trainning in ancient Greece and it was played in the ancient Olympics for the first time in 776 B.C. In 15th century, wrestling reappeared in England, France and Japan. It was on the programme of the first modem Olympics in 1896 in Athens. Today there are two forms-Free style arid Greeco- Roman style. The International Federation of Women Wrestling was established in 1987. Asian wrestlers are good at world competitions. Mr. Jadav of India had got Bronze medal in 1952 Olympics. Indian wrestlers are also good. Russian wrestlers are world famous for then- latest techniques. Indian has also produced many good wrestlers like Dara Singh, Kartar Singh and Pappu Yadav.
Wrestling Free Style And Greeco Roman Game Important Points
- Shape of the mat of Wrestling:Round
- Size of mat:4.5 m Radius
- Colour of Round:Red
- Height of Mats from Platform:1.10 Meter
- Colour of the comer:Red and Blue
- Duration of Bout:6 Minutes, 3-3 Min (2 half)
- Total weight for men:9
- Total weight for women:7
- Total weight for junior:10
- Officials for wrestling:One mat chairman, Two Referees, Three judges
- Rest after bout:30 seconds
- Undisturb area around the mat:1.50 Metre
Wrestling Weight Categories:
- School Boys:14-15 years
- Cadet:16-17 years
- Junior:18-20 years
- Senior:19-20 years
Above 20 Years-
|Senior Men||Senior Women|
|First Group||48-54 K.G.||41-46 KG.|
|Second Group||58 KG.||51 KG.|
|Third Group||63 K.G.||56 KG.|
|Fourth Group||69 K.G.||62 KG.|
|Fifth Group||76 K.G.||68 KG.|
|Sixth Group||85 K.G.||68-75’KG.|
|Seventh Group||97 K.G.|
|Eighth Group||97-130 K.G.|
From 17 years to 20 years old:
|Junior Boys||Junior Girls|
|First Group||46-49 KG.||40-43 KG.|
|Second Group||52 KG.||46 KG.|
|Third Group||56 KG.||50 KG.|
|Fourth Group||60 KG.||54 KG.|
|Fifth Group||65 K.G.||58 KG.|
|Sixth Group||70 KG.||63 KG.|
|Seventh Group||76 KG.||68 KG.|
|Eighth Group||83 KG.||68-75 KG.|
|Ninth Group||90 KG.|
|Tenth Group||90-115 KG.|
From 15 years to 16 years old:
|Sub Junior Boys||Sub Junior Girls|
|First Group||39-42 K.G.||36-38 KG.|
|Second Group||45 KG.||40 KG.|
|Third Group||48 K.G.||43 KG.|
|Fourth Group||52 K.G.||46 KG.|
|Fifth Group||57 KG.||49 KG.|
|Sixth Group||63 KG.||52 KG.|
|Seventh Group||69 KG||56 KG.|
|Eighth Group||76 KG.||60 KG.|
|Ninth Group||83 KG.||65 KG.|
|Tenth Group||83-95 KG.||65-75 KG.|
From 13 years to 14 years old:
|Sub Junior Boys||Sub Junior Girls|
|First Group||29-32 KG.||20-30 KG.|
|Second Group||35 KG.||32 KG.|
|Third Group||38 KG.||34 KG.|
|Fourth Group||42 KG.||37 KG.|
|Fifth Group||48 KG.||40 KG.|
|Sixth Group||54 KG.||44 KG.|
|Seventh Group||58 KG.||48 KG.|
|Eighth Group||66 KG.||52 KG.|
|Ninth Group||71 KG||57 KG.|
|Tenth Group||71-85 KG||57-62 KG.|
Every participants will take part according to his own body weight.
Free Style Wrestling:
In Free Style Wrestling, wrestler can hold from any part of his body. He can use his legs and apply any kind of Technique but he cannot hold Ears, Hairs and Patba of an opponent.
In Greeco-Roman Wrestling, Wrestler can not use his legs. Any type of Technique can be applied without legs from the upper part of his waist line, even in Greeco Roman Wrestling, wrestler cannot hold ears, Hairs and Patba of an opponent.
Every competitor can participate in his own weight group as listed above.
Weighing of the Competitors:
- Weighing of competitors shall begin two or four hours before the wrestling competition begins.
- The competitors shall be weighed without clothes. They shall be medically examined by a doctor before they are weighed. The doctor will remove any player suffering from any contagious disease.
- Each contestant can participate in wrestling with a player belonging to his weight-group.
- The competitors should be in a perfect physical condition. Their nails should be well pared. They shall be checked at the time of medical examination.
- Weighing shall start at least two hours before the competition and must conclude an hour before the first wrestling bout.
- Before the completion of weighing, a contestant may stand any time on the weighing machine for recording his weight, but he should not be out of turn.
The wrestlers shall enter the arena in a one-piece jersey, banian or ‘jangia’ (red or blue) beneath which they shall wear a jock strap. They will wear costumes which fit their body very well, and is not loose. They will wear sports shoes firmly closing the anklets. The use of light knee guards is allowed. A contestant shall be closely shaved or with a beard of many months growth.
1. The contestants cannot use oil or any other greasy substance on their bodies. 2. Their bodies should not be wet with perspiration. 3. The use of rings, bracelets, shoes with buttons and any other such thing which may harm or hurt a player is prohibited.
The mat at all international matches should be 9 metres in circle (with a radius of 4.50 m.), and from its other ring a ring of 50 cms. is drawn. This place is marked with red colour. It should be fixed on a platform, 1.10. metre in height. The ends of the mat should have red or blue comers, and there should be a circle of 1 metre in the middle.
Start of Wresriinq Bout And its Duration:
- The bout shall continue until a player falls down, otherwise it shall continue for 6 minutes.
- If a player does not enter the mat after five minutes of call, he shall be considered defeated and turned out of the competition.
- The wrestling bout shall start, interrupt or end on the whistle of the referee.
End of the Bout:
The end of the bout is indicated by the ringing of gong by the time keeper. The referee, too, blows his whistle as a signal for the end of the bout. The winner’s arm is raised by the referee.
The following fouls are taken into consideration-
- Pulling of hair, ears, dress, private organs, etc.
- Twisting of fingers, grasping of the throat and other holds which may be life-endangering.
- Holding in such a manner as may put the opponent’s life in danger, or may hurt any of his body part, or cause him pain so that the opponent helplessly leaves the bout.
- Treading on the feet of the rival.
- Touching the face of the opponent (from the eye-brows to the chin).
- Grasping the opponent by the throat.
- Lifting the rival when he is in bridge position, and then throwing him on the mat.
- Breaking the bridge by giving a push from the head.
- Twisting the opponent’s arm at above 90° angle.
- Grasping the opponent’s head with both hands.
- Thrusting the elbow or knee into the abdomen or stomach of the rival.
- Turning the opponent’s arm to the back and pressing it.
- Grasping the opponent’s head in any manner.
- Applying leg-scissors on the body or head.
- Holding on to the mat.
- Talking to each other and making dangerous assault.
Precautions may.be taken in the following conditions:
(a) Permanent obstacles
(b) Foul holds
(c) Indiscipline at the time of bout
(d) Breach of rules.
- These precautions shall be taken into account along with other fouls of the bout.
- A player may be declared defeated after he has been warned thrice.
- A player, in case of major offence, may be removed from the bout.
- Lying in abdomen position.
- Going out of the mat knowingly.
- Holding of both the hands of the opponent so that he may not play.
- A player may be given warning if he goes out of the mat.
Stoppage of Bout:
A bout may be suspended for five minutes at most because of a bleeding nose, headlong fall or any other acceptable reason. This obstacle in one or two bouts may be of maximum 5 minutes for each contestant.
1. One Point:
- to a player who throws a rival on the mat and maintains control over him,
- to that player who rises from beneath and maintains his hold on his opponent,
- a player who makes a good grasp and does not allow his opponent’s head and shoulder to touch the mat,
- for one precaution the opponent gets one point.
2. Two Points:
- to that player who keeps good hold on his opponent and maintains his hold on him for some time
- to that player whose opponent immediately falls or falteringly falls.
3. Three Points:
- to a player who keeps his opponent in danger (when shoulders make an angle of less than 90° from the mat) for five seconds,
- bridge position for three seconds or fall takes five seconds.
When there is a difference of less than one point in the score of the opposite players, the match ends in a draw. Again, if no contestant scores any point, or the points are equal, the match ends in a draw. If the difference is more than one point, a player with more points is declared the winner.
- For full fall it is sufficient if the shoulder of the wrestler touches the mat.
- The fall shall be considered if the referee raises no objection.
- For proper fall on the edge of the mat the head and shoulders of the contestant shall touch the limits of mat.
Winning by Points:
If there is no foul within six minutes, the decision is made by points. The player scoring higher points shall be the winner.
Rules for Final:
- The final match is played among three wrestlers.
- The players, who have scored 6 penalty marks, cannot take part in the final match.
- When the three players with less than 6 penalty marks reach the final, the points scored by them are nullified.
- If those players have already competed, the former penalty marks are counted in the final.
- The penalty marks of the contestants in the final must be kept in view.
- If each of the three contestants has already scored 6 points, they will forfeit their points as mentioned above.
- If the three contestants of the final have already scored 6 points each, he shall be awarded the third position and the remaining two shall wrestle for first position.
- The player, who scores minimum penalty point in the last three bouts, shall be the winner.
- If the penalty points of the finalists are equal, the decision is made keeping in views the following:
- The victory scored on points.
- The number of points being equal.
- The number of fouls.
- In case of tie, the player with minimum warnings is declared the winner.
- If there is still a tie, both the players are declared equal.
There are three officials in all types of wrestling matches:
- Mat Chairman
- No official can be changed during the wrestling.
Arjuna Award Winners
- Udey Chand-1961
- G. Andalkar-1963
- Bishamber Singh-1964
- Bhim Singh-1966
- Mukhtiar Singh-1967
- Master Chandgi Ram (Indian Style)-1969
- Sudesh Kumar-1970
- Prem Nath-1972
- Jagroop Singh-1973
- Rajinder Singh-1978-79
- Jagminder Singh-1980-81
- Kartar Singh-1982
- Mahabir Singh-1985
- Rajesh Kumar-1988
- Ombir Singh-1990
- Ashok Kumar-1993 .
- Kaka Pawar, Rohtas Singh Dahiya-1999
- Palvinder Cheema-2002
Wrestling Free Style and Greeco-Roman Game Important Tournaments
- Olympic Games
- Asian Games
- Commonwealth Games
- International Wrestling Championship
- National Level (Junior & Senior)
Wrestling Free Style and Greeco-Roman Game Important Questions
What is the duration of bout?
6 minutes (Two rounds of 3-3 min).
Number of weight categories for men.
What is the colour of the corner for the bout?
Red and Blue.
In which year International Wrestling Federation was formed?
What is the dimension of undisturbed area around the mat?
Enlish various styles of wrestling.
Free Style Wrestling, Greeco Roman Wrestling.
How many official are there in wrestling bout?
What indication referee gives for the declaration of winner?
He raises the winner’s arm to declare winner of the bout.
What is the purpose of whistle in the wrestling contest?
The wrestling bout shall start, interrupt or end on the whistle of the referee.
Is it permissible to use greasy substance on the body before wrestling contest?
What is the radius of circle in wrestling mat
Punjab State Board PSEB 12th Class Physical Education Book Solutions 12th Class Physical Education Practical Wrestling Free Style and Greeco Roman Important Notes, Questions and Answers.