PSEB 12th Class Physical Education Practical Badminton
Badminton Game History
The word ‘Badminton’ originated from the name of city “Badminton”, an estate in Gloucestershire (England). In 1873, the first Badminton club came into existence at England. However, it is believed that similar type of ‘battedore’ named game was a part of China before modem era.
The game was further developed in India by army officials and called ‘Poona’ after the name of the city Pune. The Badminton Association of England was formed in 1893. The International Badminton Federation was formed in 1934. In India the game became popular after Second World War The Badminton Association of India was formed in 1935. However, first National Badminton Championship was held in 1936. Badminton was a part of 1972 Munich Olympics and 1988 Seoul Olympics as a demonstration sport. It became a medal sport in 1992 Olympic Games at Barcelona.
Badminton Game Important Points
- Size of Badminton Court for Doubles:13.40 x 6.10 m or 44′ x 20′ feet
- Size of Badminton Court for Single’s:13.40 x 5.18 m or 44′ x 17′ feet
- The width of the Net: 760 mm (76 cm)
- Height of the Net at the Centre:1.524 m
- Height of the Net at Posts:1.550 m
- Shape of the Court:Rectangular
- Size of Racket:Length 680 mm x Width 230 mm
- Weight of the Shuttle:4.73 gm to 5.50 gm
- Number of Feathers of Shuttle:14 to 16
- The length of the Feathers:62 mm to 70 mm
- Width of Back Gallery:2′ – 6″ (.76 mm)
- Width of Side Gallery:1′ – 6″ (.46 mm)
- Short service lines from the Centre:6′ – 6″ (1.98 m)
- Number of Officials:Umpire – 1, Service Umpire – 1, Referee – 1, Linemen – 10.
Badminton Game Rules And Regulations
Toss: A toss shall be conducted before the start of game and winning side has the choice to serve or receive first.
- A match consists of best of three games.
- A game is won by the side which first score 21 points.
- The side winning a game serves first in the next game only.
- The side winning a rally shall add a point.
Change of Ends: The ends change at the end of first game, second game and in third game after 11 points.
- It is not permitted to cause undue delay to serve once server and receiver are ready.
- The server and receiver shall stand in diagonally opposite court during the service.
- Some part of both feet of server and receiver must remain in contact with the surface of court in a stationary position.
- During service die racket of the server shall initially hit the base of the shuttle.
- The shuttle shall be below the waist level initially while serving.
- In doubles, the partner may take up any position within their courts.
- If the server misses the shuttle while attempting to serve, it is termed as fault.
- It is not permitted to cause undue delay to serve once server and receiver are ready. .
- If service is not correct serve than it is fault.
- If the shuttle fails to cross the net or passes through or under the net.
- If it touches by the person, player or any other object.
- When any player invades an opponent’s court through net with racket or any other obstruction by shouting or gestures etc.
- If the shuttle is hit twice in succession by the same player or side.
‘Let’ is a term called by umpire to halt the play.
- If a shuttle is caught on the net and remains suspended on or over the net it shall be a ‘let’ except during service.
- If during service, the receiver and server commits foul simultaneously, it shall be a ‘let’.
- A let may be called if a service court error occurs during play.
- If the shuttle during play disintegrates completely, it shall be a ‘let’.
Badminton Game Important Terminologies
- Let: A let is a term used by an umpire to halt the game as a result of unforeseen situations. In this case, the last service shall not be considered and the player who served shall serve again.
- Rally. A sequence of one or more strokes starting with the service, until the shuttle ceases to be in play.
- Serve: The stroke used to put the shuttle cock into play at the start of each rally. Wood Shot. A legal shot in which the shuttle hits the frame of the racket.
- Fault: A violation or infringement of playing rules, either during service, receiving or during play.
- Short Service Line: The line at distance of 1.98 m feet from the net, to which a serve must cross to be a legal serve.
- Deuce: It is a term used when a score reaches 20 – 20. In case of deuce a lead by 2 points must be scored in order to win the game.
- Smash: It is an overhead attacking stroke hit hard which forces shuttle to fall sharply downwards.
Dimensions of Play Field / Court or Equipment:
1. The Court:
The size of badminton court is rectangular court with the length of 13,4 metres (44 feet) both for singles and doubles. The width of court is 6.1 metres (20 feet) for doubles and reduced to 5.18 metres (17 feet) for singles. The court is marked with 40 mm wide lines.
The posts are 1.55 m high from the surface of the court. The posts are fixed on the doubles side lines irrespective of singles or doubles is being played.
The net shall be made of fine cord or cable. It must be dark coloured with a mesh from 3/4″ to 1″. The width of the net shall be 2′ – 6″ The height of the net is 5 feet from the ground at centre and 5 feet
The frame of the racket must be attached with the help of shaft. The racket mainly have three parts head, shaft and throat. The head shall not exceed 280 mm in length and 220 mm in width. The total length of the racket should be 680 mm and width 230 mm.
The shuttle may be made from natural or synthetic material. The base of the shuttle i.e. cork must have diameter between 25 to 28 mm. The total length of feather shall be between 62 to 70 mm. The shuttle must weight 4.74 to 5.50 gm.
1. Holding the Racket:
The most important and basic skill in the game is to hold the racket or grip. The wrist while holding the racket should not be stiff. There are mainly two styles of gripping the racket i.e. frying pan grip and back hand grip.
The stroke use to put the shuttle into play at the start of each rally is called service. There are mainly two types of service i.e. high service and low service. In high service, the server tries to place the shuttle deep on the back of the court. On the other hand, low service, is just to clear the net and place the shuttle few inches away from the short service line.
The contact between the shuttle and racket is termed as stroke. The different strokes can be categorized mainly into three categories:
(a) Forehand Stroke
(b) Backhand Stroke
(c) overhead stroke.
(a) Forehand Stroke :
This is used most often in the game, this stroke is performed when a shuttle falls in front of active side of tire receiver. Its easy to direct the shuttle to any point of the opponent’s court.
(b) Backhand Stroke:
It is normally difficult shot as the shuttle falls towards non playing side arm of the player. It is difficult to return this shot strongly or forcefully.
(c) Overhead Stroke : The action of hitting a shuttle approaching above the head.
4. Drop Shot:
The drop shots are delicate badminton shots w’hich is mainly executed with a deceptive move to win a point. The purpose of this shot is to force an opponent to make weak return.
5. Lob Shot:
Shuttle hit high and deep to the base line of opponent. In this the high serve played at full stretch with a lunge.
6. Smash: It is an overhead attacking stroke hit hard which forces shuttle to fall sharply downwards in opponent’s court.
7. Hair Pin Shot:
In this shot, the shuttle is returned sharply from very close to the net. The movement of the shuttle is just like a hair pin falling very close to the other side of net.
Badminton Game Important Tournaments
- Thomas Cup
- World Cup
- Wills World Cup
- China Cup
- Uber Cup
- Shaji Qureshi Cup
- Olympic Games
- Common Wealth Games
- Asian Games
- Alba World Cup
- All England Championship
- Yonex Cup
- Senior National Championship
- Aggarwal Cup
- Amrit Diwan Cup
- All India Intervarsity Championship.
Arjuna Award Winners
- Nandu Natekar-1961
- Meena Shah-1962
- Dinesh Khanna-1965
- Suresh Goel-1967
- Dipu Ghosh-1969
- D.V. Tambay-1970
- Prakash Padukone-1972
- Raman Ghosh-1974
- Davinder Ahuja-1975
- Ami Ghia-1974
- Ms. K.T. Singh-1977-78
- Syed Modi-1980-81
- P. Ganguli, Madhumita Bisht-1982
- Rajeev Bagga-1991
- George Thomas-1999
- Pullela, Gopichand-2000
- Madasu Srinivas Rao (Physically Challenged)-2003
- Abhinn Shayam Gupta-2004
- Apama Popat-2005
- Chetan Anand-2003
- Rohit Bhakar (Physically Challenged-2006
- Anup Sridhar- 2008
- Saina Nehwal-2009
- Ashwani Ponappa, Parupali Kashyap-2012
- K. Siriknath-2015
Dronacharya Award Winners
- S. M. Arif
- Pullela Gopichand
Badminton Game Important Questions
When did the International Badminton Federation came into existence?
In the year 1934.
When was badminton considered as a medal sport in Olympic games?
It became a medal sport in 1992 Olympic Games Barcelona.
What are the dimensions of badminton court for doubles?
13.40 x 6.10 m or 44′ x 20′ feet.
What is the width of net?
760 mm (76 cm).
Give the number of feathers in a shuttle.
14 to 16 feathers.
How many officials are required for badminton match?
1 Umpire, 1 Service Umpire, 1 Referee and 10 Linemen.
What do you know about toss in badminton?
A toss shall be conducted before the start of the game and winning side has the choice either to serve or receive first.
What is the distance of short service line from the centre?
6′ -6″ (1.98 m).
What is meant by the term deuce?
It is a term used when score reaches 20-20. In case of deuce a lead by 2 points must be scored in order to win the game.
What is the height of posts?
The posts are 1.55 m high from the surface of the court.
Name important International level tournaments in badminton.
Thomas Cup, World Cup, Wills World Cup, China Cup, Uber Cup, Olympic Games, Asian Games, Common Wealth Games, All England Championship, Yonex Cup.
Punjab State Board PSEB 12th Class Physical Education Book Solutions 12th Class Physical Education Practical Badminton Important Notes, Questions and Answers.