This PSEB 12th Class History Notes Chapter 21 Character and Personality of Maharaja Ranjit Singh will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 12th Class History Notes Chapter 21 Character and Personality of Maharaja Ranjit Singh
As a Man:
- The appearance of Maharaja Ranjit Singh was not very attractive.
- His face was suffused with a special type of halo.
- Maharaja was very hard working.
- He was fond of hunting and horse riding.
- He possessed a very keen, intelligent, and prodigious memory.
- Maharaja Ranjit Singh was very popular with the people for his kindness.
- He was a devoted follower of Sikhism.
- He kept his religious di9crimination at an arm’s length.
As a General and Conqueror:
- He is counted among the greatest generals of the world.
- He did not have to face defeat in the battles which he fought during his lifetime.
- He paid full attention to the welfare of his soldiers.
- By virtue of his ability and bravery, he converted his small kingdom into a big empire.
- He annexed to his empire the important areas like Lahore, Amritsar, Kasur, Sialkot, Kangra, Gujarat. Jammu, Attock,
- Multan, Kashmir, and Peshawar.
- His empire had extended its frontiers from Ladakh in the North to Shikarpur in the ‘South, from the river Sutlej in the East to Peshawar in the West.
As an Administrator:
- Maharaja Ranjit Singh was not only a great conqueror but also an able administrator.
- With a view to run the administration efficiently, he had dividçd his kingdom into four big provinces.
- The smallest unit of administration was ‘Mauza’ or village.
- The village administration was in the hands of the Panchayat.
- The Maharaja had appointed many able and honest ministers.
- He offered special opportunities to the farmers and the poor.
- The Maharaja paid special attention to the military administration.
- He gave training to his army in the European pattern.
- It was owing to these efforts of Maharaja Ranjit Singh that the Sith army could become strong and efficient.
As a Diplomat:
- Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a shrewd and farsighted diplomat.
- He conquered all the Misis by virtue of his diplomacy.
- He secured the fort of Attock from Jahandad Khan without any fight.
- In 1835 AD., the ruler of Afghanistan, Dost Mohammad Khan fled the battlefield without fighting because of Maharaja’s diplomacy.
- In 1809 AD., Maharaja Ranjit Singh gave evidence of his political sagacity by establishing a friendship with the British.