This PSEB 12th Class History Notes Chapter 13 Rise of the Dal Khalsa and its Mode of Fighting will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 12th Class History Notes Chapter 13 Rise of the Dal Khalsa and its Mode of Fighting
Causes of the Rise of the Dal Khalsa:
- After the martyrdom of Banda Singh Bahadur, the Mughal Governors began to persecute the Sikhs vigorously.
- Nawab Kapoor Singh organized Buddha Dal and Taruna Dal in 1734 A.D. in order to consolidate the Sikh power.
- By taking the opportunity of the anarchy in Punjab the Sikhs established 25 Jathas each consisting of 100 Sikhs in 1745 A.D.
- These Jathas formed the basis of the Dal Khalsa.
Establishment of the Dal Khalsa:
- The Dal Khalsa was established on Mar. 29, 1748 A.D. at Amritsar.
- It was established by Nawab Kapoor Singh.
- He organized the Sikhs into 12 Jathas.
- Each Jatha had its own leader and flag Jassa.
- Singh Ahluwalia was appointed the Chief Commander of the Dal Khalsa.
Military Features of the Dal Khalsa:
- Cavalry was the main constituent of the Dal Khalsa.
- No Sikh was forced to join the army.
- Any member could leave one squad to join another.
- There was no provision of military training and regular salary.
- The members of the Dal Khalsa adopted guerilla tactics in their raids on the enemy.
- Swords, lances, spears, axes, and arrows were used in fighting.
Significance of the Dal Khalsa:
- The Dal Khalsa unified the scattered powers of the Sikhs.
- It taught the Sikhs to live in the discipline.
- It was due to the creation of the Dal Khalsa that Sikhs were enabled to form independent Misls in Punjab.
- Undoubtedly, the establishment of the Dal Khalsa proved a milestone in the History of the Sikhs.