Punjab State Board PSEB 10th Class Physical Education Book Solutions Lawn Tennis Game Rules.
Lawn Tennis Game Rules – PSEB 10th Class Physical Education
Write about the history of Lawn Tennis?
History of Lawn Tennis:
Originating from the old indoor game of Real Tennis, its proper name is Lawn Tennis. Although the only major tournament in the world still to use grass courts today is that held at Wimbledon. Lawn Tennis has its roots in France but the game was brought to England. The first championship was held at Wimbledom in 1877 and the first International Championship was held in U.S.A. in 1881 in Australia 1905 and in France 1925. In Modern Olympic which was originated in 1896. Tennis was an official game but it was withdrawn from the Olympic after 1924 but was again included in 1988.
International Tennis Federation (ITF) came into existence in 1977. The game is played in so many forms as men and women singles men and women doubles and mixed double. First time Lawn Tennis was included in Asian Games in 1958. Today it is most interesting game played both at amateur and professional levels. Tennis is a racket game in which the player of one team sends the ball oyer net to the opponent area so that opponent is unable to return the ball. In this way points are scored by the player which won the games set and match. Our player named Leander Paes had won Olympic singles in 1996 at Atlanta.
Latest Rules of Lawn Tennis:
- The length of the Lawn tennis court is 78 feet (28.77 m.) and its width is 27 feet (8.23 m).
- The height of the net is 3 feet (0.91 m.), and the maximum diameter of the cord or metal cable which suspends the net is 1/3 (0.8 cm).
- The diameter of posts is 6″ (15 cms.), and the distance of the centre of the post outside the court on each side is 3 ft. (0.91 m).
- The diameter of the Lawn tennis ball is 2 (6.34 cms.), and its weight is 2 ounces (56.7 gm.) The bounce of the ball when dropped from a height of 100″ (254 cms.) is 53″ (1.35 m).
- The maximum number of sets in a game for men is 5, and for women is 3.
Write about the court of the Lawn Tennis.
Lawn Tennis Court:
The tennis court shall be rectangular. It shall be 78′ (23.77 m.) in length and 27′ (8.23 m.) width. It should be divided across the middle by a net suspended from a cord or metal cable. The diameter of this cord should be 1/3 (0.8 cm.), the ends of which shall be attached to or pass over the tops of two evenly pointed posts. These posts should be 3’66” (1.07 m.) in height and not more than 6 inches (15 cm.) square or 6 inches (15 cm.) in diameter, the centre of which shall be 3’ (0.91 m.) outside the court on each side.
The net should be tightly and fully extended so that it fills the space between the two posts fully, and should be so small mesh as to prevent the ball passing through. The height of the net shall be 3′ (0.914 m.) at the centre, and it shall be tautly held down by a strap not more than 2″ (5 cm.) wide and white in colour. A band shall cover the cord and the top of the net for not less than 2 inches (5 cm.) and inches (6.3 cm.) deep on each side. Its colour should be white. There should be no advertisement on the net, strap, band or single sticks.
The lines surrounding the ends and sides of the court shall respectively be called the Base fines and the side-lines. On each side of the net, at a distance of 0.21 feet (6.00 cm.) from it and parallel’to it, service-fines shall be drawn. The space on each side of the .net between the service-line and the side-line shall be divided into two equal parts called the service courts by the centre service-fine. This service fine shall be 2 inches (5 cm.) in width, drawn half-way between and parallel to the side lines.
Each base-line shall be bisected by a centre-service fine which is 4 inches (10 cm.) in length and 2 inches (5 cm.) in width, and is called centre mark. Except the base-lines, all lines should be minimum 1″ (2.5 cm.) and maximum 2″ (5 cm.) in length. The base line may be four inches (10 cm.) in width. All measurements should be made to the outside of the fines.
The permanent fixtures of the court shall include not only the net; posts, single sticks, cord or metal cable, strap and band but also the back and side stops, the fixed stands, movable seats and chairs. All other fixtures around and above the court and the Umpire, Net- cord, Foot-fault Judge, Linesmen and Ball Boys shall be in their proper places.
Write about the ball of the Lawn Tennis.
The Lawn-tennis Ball:
The ball should have a uniform outer surface. It shall be white or yellow in colour. The diameter of the ball shall be minimum 2 1/2” (5.35 cm.) and maximum 2 5/8” (6.67 cm.). Its weight should be more than 2 ounces (56.7 gm.) and not less than 2 1/16 ounces (58.8 gm.). It should have a bounce of more than 53 inches (135 cm.) and less than 58 inches (147 cm.) when dropped from a height of 100” (254 cm.) upon a concrete base.
The ball should have a forward deformation of more than 220 inches (.956 cm.) and less than .290 of an inch (.74 cm.), and a return deformation of more than .350 of an inch (.89 cm.) and less than .425 of an inch (1.08 cm.) at 18 pounds (8.165 kg.) load. The two deformation figures shall be the averages of three individual readings along three axes of the ball and no two individual readings shall differ by more than 0.30 of an inch (.80 cm.) in each case.
The players shall stand on opposite sides of the net. The players who delivers the ball first is called the server, and the other will be called the receiver. The choice of ends and the right to be Server or Receiver in the first game is decided by the toss. The toss winning players may choose his end or may ask the other player to choose. If a player decides to choose the end, the other player has the right to choose to be the Server or the Receiver.
The service shall be delivered in the following manner : Before delivering the service, the Server shall stand with both feet at rest behind (that is, farther from the net than the base-line). This place shall be within the imaginary continuation of the Centre Mark and the side-line. Then the Server shall project the ball by hand into the air and before it hits the ground, strike it with his racket, and the delivery shall be considered to have been completed at the moment of the impact of the racket and the ball. A player with the use of one arm may utilize his racket for protection or defence.
The Server, throughout the delivery of the service, shall-
- not change his position by walking or running.
- not touch, with either foot, any area other than that behind the base-line within the imaginary extension of the centre mark and side-line.
1. In delivering the service, the Server shall stand behind the right and the left courts turn by turn. He shall start from the right in every game. If the service is delivered from a wrong half of the court and is undetected, the play resulting from such wrong service shall stand, but the inaccuracy of station shall be corrected immediately after it is detected.
2. The ball served should pass over the net and hit the ground in the Service Court which is diagonally opposite, before the Receiver returns it. If the ball touches any other line of the court, the Service shall not be considered.
General Rules of Lawn Tennis:
1. The tennis player shall not serve until the other player or receiver is ready. If the receiver attempts to return, he is deemed to be ready.
2. The service is a let if the ball served touches the net, strap or band, or touches the receiver or anything he wears or carries. It shall be let if it is delivered when the receiver is not ready.
3. At the end of the first game the receiver shall become server, and the server shall become the receiver. This will continue alternately in all the games of a match.
4. The server wins the point if the ball served is not a let, and touches the receiver or anything he wears or carries before it hits the ground.
5. If a player knowingly does something which, in the opinion of the Umpire, hinders his opponent in making a stroke, the Umpire shall award the point to the opponent and in case such an act of player is involuntary, the Umpire shall order the point to be replayed.
6. If the ball in play touches a permanent fixture other than the net, posts, single sticks, cord or metal cable, strap or band after it has hit the ground, the player who struck it wins the point. But if the ball touches such an object before it hits the ground, the point is awarded to the opponent.
7. If a player wins his first point, his score is 15, on winning the second point, the score is 30; and on winning the third point, his score rises to 40. The player who gets 40 points wins the set of game. But in case both the players win 3 points each, the score is called deuce, and the next point won by a player is scored advantage for that player. If the same player (with advantage) wins the next point, he wins the game. If the other player wins the point, the score is again called deuce; and so on, until a player wins two points following the score at deuce.
8. When a player wins first six games, he wins a set, except that he must win by a margin of two games over his rival, and if necessary, a set is extended until this margin is achieved. The players shall change ends at the end of the first and third game and at the end of each set provided the total number of games in each set is not even, and in which case the change is made at the end of first game of the next set.
9. The maximum number of sets in a match for men is 5 and for women 3.
10. The game shall continue from the start to the conclusion, provided that after the third set, or when moment participate, after the second set, a player can take rest. But the duration of rest is from 10 to 15 minutes. When it is essential, the Umpire may suspend the play for such a period as he may deem necessary.
11. In case the play is suspended, and is not be resumed until a later day rest may be taken by a player after the third set or after the second set in case of women players. In case the play is postponed to a later day, the completion of an unfinished set shall be considered as one set. These provisions should be properly explained. The play should, however, never be suspended, delayed or interfered with for the purpose of enabling a player regain his strength.
12. The Umpire shall be the sole judge of such suspension of the game, and after living due warning to the offender who causes such suspension, may disqualify him.
13. In changing ends, a maximum of one minute should elapse from the close of the previous game till the players are ready for the start of the next game.
The Doubles Game
For the Doubles Game, the court shall be 36 feet (10.97 m) in width, that is, it shall be wider by 4 1/2 feet (1.47 m) on each side that meant for the Singles game. Those portions of the singles side-lines which lie between the two services lines are called the Service Side-Lines. In other respects, the Court shall be similar to the one described in the court for the Singles game. However, the portions of the singles side lines between the base-line and service-line on each side of the net may be omitted, if so desired.
Write down any five rules of Lawn Tennis.
1. The order of serving shall be decided at the start of each set in the following manner:
(а) The pair who are to serve in the first game of each set shall decide who shall, do so, while the opposing pair shall decide similarly in the second game.
(b) The partner of the player who served in the first game shall serve in the third game, the partner of the player who served in the second game shall serve in the fourth game, and so on in the same order in all the subsequent games of a set.
2. The order of receiving the service shall be decided at the start of each set as mentioned below:
(i) The pair who are to receive the service in the first game shall decide as to which partner shall receive the first service, and that partner shall continue to receive the first service in every odd game throughout the set.
(ii) The rival pair shall decide which partner shall receive the first service in the second game and that partner will continue to receive the first service in every even game throughout the set. Partners shall receive the service alternately throughout each game.
3. If a partner serves out of his/her turn, the partner who should have served shall serve as soon as the mistake is found out. In such case, all points scored, and any faults served before such discovery, shall be considered. If a game is completed before such discovery, the order of service does not change.
4. In case the order of receiving the service is changed by the receivers during a game, it shall remain unchanged until the end of the game in which the mistake is detected. But the partners shall resume their original order of receiving the service in the next game of the set in which they are the receivers.
5. The ball shall be struck alternately by one or other player of the opposing pairs. In case a player touches the ball in play with his racket against the above said rule, his opponents shall get the point.
Important Information about the Lawn Tennis Game
- Length of Tennis court = 78’ or 26, 77” Metre
- Breadth of court = 27’ or 8.23 Metre
- Height of the net = 3’6” or 1.07 Metre
- Diametre of iron tar (cable) = 1/4 inch
- Diametre of Poles = 6 inch or 15 cm
- Distance of poles from centre = 3’ or 90 cm
- Weight of Tennis ball = 2 ounces (56.7 – 60.24 grns)
- Distance of Tennis Poles = 2 1/2; inches
- Bounch of ball after throwing it from the height of 100 feet = 53 inches
- Number of sets for men = 5 sets
- Number of sets for women 3 sets
- Colour of Tennis ball = White or yellow.