# Volleyball Game Rules – PSEB 10th Class Physical Education

Punjab State Board PSEB 10th Class Physical Education Book Solutions Volleyball Game Rules.

## Volleyball Game Rules – PSEB 10th Class Physical Education

Question 1.
Describe Volleyball court, Net, Ball, Behaviour of players and Coaches, Number of players, Position of players.
Playfield:
The length of the volleyball playfield shall be 18 metres and breadth 9 metres. There should be no obstruction of any kind upto a height of 7 metres from the ground. The court shall be marked by lines of 5 cms. These lines shall be drawn at least 2 metres away from all obstructions. The centre line under the net divides the court into two equal parts.

Attack Line:
In each half of the court an attack line of 9 metres 5 cms, parallel to the central line, shall be drawn. Its width is included in 3 metres. One line on the right hand side is drawn as its extension and the second line of 3 metres to the left of it. The extension of the service area shall be minimum 3 metres.

Volleyball Court:
The court of this game should be 18×9 metres. There should be no obstruction of any kind upto a height of 7 metres from the ground. The court is like a rectangle. The width of its boundary lines should be 5 cms. These lines should be atleast 2 metres away from all obstructions. Two lines of 15 x15 cms. In length and 5 cms. in width are drawn behind the last line and parallel to it. These lines mark the service area of the court.

One line is drawn right to the side line and the other is drawn to the left of the side line.. The minimum extension of the depth of the service area shall be 2 metres. The centre line under the net divides the court into two equal parts. In each half of the court a line of 9 metres 6 cms., parallel to the central line, at a distance of 3 metres is drawn. It is called attack line.

Net:
The net shall be 9 metres long and 1 metre wide. The squares of the net should be 15 cms. On its upper part a canvas strap of 5 cms. should be placed in such a way that a flexible cable may pass through it. The net is attached to the posts with this cable. The rope is not used under the net now-a-days. The height of the net for men from the centre should be 2.43 metres from the ground, and for women, it should be 2.24 metres. Flexible straps of 5 cms. width are attached on the ends of net. Both the sign posts supporting the net shall be at least 50 cms. from the side line.

Ball:
The ball should be round and made of supple leather. In it there should be a bladder. Its circumference should be 66 cms. + 1 cms. and weight should be 270 gms. + 10 gms. The pressure of air in the ball should be between 0.48 and 0.52 kg/cm2. The colour of the ball should be uniform.
Conduct of Players and Coaches-

• Every player should be aware of the rules of game.
• During the play a player can talk to the referee only through his captain.
• All of the following acts of breach will be punished :
• To talk to the officials time and again about their decisions.
• To use improper words while talking to the officials.
• To act indecently with the aim of influencing the decisions of officials.
• To misbehave with or use uncivilised remarks to the opponent.
• To give coaching to players by any one from the outside of the court.
• To walk out of the court without the referee’s permission.
• Clapping or crying by the players when the ball is touched and particularly at service

Warning is given for a minor offence. When the offence is repeated, a player is given a personal warning, by which his team loses the service or a point. A penalty is recorded on the score sheet in case of a serious offence. It entails the lose of service and one point. It the offence is repeated, the referee may disqualify the player fora set or for the rest of the match.

Dress of Player:
The player shall wear jersey, pants and pliable foot wear. He shall not wear on his head turban or cap or any such jewellery as may cause injury to other players.
Number of Players and Substitutes-
1. The number of players in one team shall not exceed 6 under all circumstances. The number of players including substitutes shall not be more than 12.

2. Substitutes and coaches shall sit in the court in front of the referee.

3. The captain of a team or coach can request the referee for a substitute. In this game only 6 players in maximum can play. Before a substitute enters the court he shall go to the scorer in dress and after his approval shall immediately take his place.

4. Any player in the beginning of the set may be replaced only once by a substitute. During the same set the original player may go back to the court, but this can be done only once. A substitute leaving the game cannot come back again in the same set. Only that player may come back who has gone out for the substitute.

Position of Players:
The court is divided into two parts. In each half a team of six members plays. After the service, players of both teams stand in their respective areas. They stand in lines in numbers 3-3. It is not essential that the lines shall be straight. Players parallel to the net take their positions from left to right in a way that in doing the service the players 4, 3, 2 are in front of the attack line, and the players 5, 6, 1 are behind. This position remains until the service of a team changes.

After the service, the players can occupy any position. The rotation order recorded on the score sheet shall have to be kept in use till the end of the set. The game shall be stopped owing to some fault in the rotation, and the faults is removed. All points made by the team during the fault are cancelled. The points scored by the opposing team are retained. If the fault or error is not known at the proper time the defaulter team shall resume its correct position and shall have to lose the service or a point according to the situation.

Officials:
The following officials are appointed to conduct the game:
(i) Referee:
The referee sees to it whether a player is playing according to rules or not. He keeps control over the game, and his decisions are final. If any player breaks the rules, he is entitled to stop him from playing and may award him punishment.

(ii) Umpire:
He substitutes players. In addition to it, he gives signals on crossing the lines, time-on and touching the line. On the request of a captain he allows the substitution of a player. He assists the referee as well. He also brings the players to their positions turn by tarn:

(iii) Scorer:
During the play the scorer asks for the change of end, and keeps in view the rotation of the players. At the start of the game, he notes down the numbers and names of players, and keeps a record of scores.

(iv) Two Linesmen:
In case of a foul, the linesmen of both the teams give signals to the referee. In each end there is a lineman for a team. He announces when the ball falls in or out.

Question 2.
Describe the main Rules of Volleyball game.
Rules of Play –

• The number of players in each team shall be compulsorily 6. The number of players including the substitutes in a team cannot exceed 12.
• All international matches are played to the best of five or to the best of three sets. In all international matches, five winning sets are played.
• At the start of the game the captains of both the teams toss to decide ends and service. The toss winning team is free to choose either service or ends.
• After each set the ends are changed. In the last set when a team has made 8 points, the ends are changed.
• No team can play the game with less than 6 players.

Time out:

• The referee or umpire will grant time-out only in case the ball is damaged (dead).
• A captain or a coach may ask for time-out for rest.
• During a time-out the players cannot leave the court to talk to any one. They can only seek advice from their coach.
• Each team can take two times-out in a set. The duration of such a time-out is not more than 30 seconds. Two times-out can be taken consecutively.
• If a team, after getting two times-out, requests for the third, the referee shall give a warning to the concerned captain or coach. If the time-out is demanded even after this, the concerned team has to lose a point or service.
• During the time-out for rest, neither can the players leave the court without permission nor the coach can enter the court. Of course, the coach, while remaining out of the court, can talk to the players.
• A maximum interval of 2 minutes is permitted between two sets, but the interval between the fourth and fifth sets is of five minutes.
• The game starts immediately after the substitution of a player.
• In case a player is injured a time-out of 3 minutes is granted. It is allowed if the player is not substituted.

Obstacles of Play:
If a match is interrupted for some reason and cannot be completed, the problem shall be solved like this-

• The game shall be re-started on the same court, and the score also shall remain the same as it was left earlier.
• If the interruption in the game does not exceed 4 hours, the match shall be resumed at the fixed court.
• In case the match is resumed on another court, the score of the interrupted set shall be deemed to be cancelled but the results pf the completed sets shall remain the same.

Passes:
1. Under-hand Pass. This technique is now considered to be very useful. It makes even a difficult service easy. In this pass, the left hand is tightly closed. The ball is placed on the right fist such a way that the thumbs remain parallel to each other. The under-hand ball is received when the ball is quite low.

2. Back Pass. The back pass is made use of to dodge an opponent. The player who is to make pass makes it behind his head. The volley server volleys.

3. Under-hand Ball with Back Rolling. When the ball is beside the net, the hit should be made by opening the fingers and touching them with the ball.

4. Under-hand Ball with Side Rolling. When the ball is to one side of the player, the hand is opened in the direction of the ball. The ball is received by side rolling.

5. Under hand Pass with the Hand. This method is used to return the ball when the ball is to the one side of the player in the direction in which it is to be received. The ball is taken by slightly bending the leg, extending the arm and closing the fist.

6. Taking the Ball Struck with the Net. This type of ball is taken by under-hand, otherwise it is cut towards the fellow players so that it may be passed carefully.

Service:
(a) By service we mean the putting of the ball into play by the right hand back line player. The player hits the ball with his hand either open or closed or any part of the arm in such a way that the ball passes over the net to the opposite court. The service should be done from the fixed place. Throwing the ball by hand is prohibited. A player after service can remain on the boundary line or enter the court.

If the served ball falls on the ground untouched by any player, the service is re-taken. If the service ball passes over the net without touching it and between the antennae, the service is considered to be good. The service will have to be re-taken as soon as the referee blows the whistle. A player shall continue to serve until a fault is committed by any player of his team.

(b) Faults of Service.
If any of the following faults are committed, the referee will blow his whistle for the change of service :

• When the ball touches the ground.
• When the ball passes under the net.
• When the ball touches the antennae or it does not pass over the net completely.
• When the ball touches a player or an object before it reaches the opponent’s court.
• When the ball lands outside the limit of the opponent’s court.
• When the player’s foot, while the service is being taken, is on the line or touches the line.

(c) Second and later Service:
In each new set that team shall serve which has not served in the preceding set. The service in the final set is decided by toss.

(d) Obstacles of Play: If, in the opinion of the referee, a player deliberately obstructs a game, he is penalized.

Change in Service:
When the serving team commits a fault, the service is changed. The service also undergoes a change when the ball is side-out.

Hitting the Ball:

• Each team can contact the ball three times so as to pass the ball into the court of the opposing team.
• A ball can be hit with any upper part of the body.
A ball can pass touching the various upper parts of the body but it should be simultaneous. The ball should not be caught; rather it should bounce forcibly.
• If a ball lodges for sometime in the player’s hands or arms, it shall be reckoned to bathe ball held. Lifting, pushing, carrying shall also be considered as holding. To hit the ball distinctly with both hands from below is in conformity with the rules.

Blocking:
Blocking is that activity by which, as soon as the ball crosses the net, the attack by an opponent is attempted to be stopped with any upper part of the body, above the abdomen. Blocking is done by the players of the first line. Players of back line are not allowed to do blocking. After blocking any player who takes part in blocking may get the ball.

Games of Net:

• A ball is considered to be good if it (other than served) touches the net completely.
• A ball is also considered to be good when it passes the net from inside the marks.
• A ball hitting the net can be played. If a ball that has been played three times by a team touches the net the fourth time or falls on the ground, the referee shall blow the whistle for the offence.
• A ball which hits the net so hard that the net contacts an opponent, the opponent shall not be penalized for this contact.
• If two opposing players touch the net simultaneously, it is considered a double fault.

Crossing Hand Over Net:

• During blocking, the touching of the ball with hands over the net in the court of the opponents is not considered a fault provided the contact has been made after the attack by the opponents.
• To pass hands over the net after an attack is not a fault.
• If the ball is touched by the blocking players, then the same team can cross the ball over the net by touching the ball with hands three times.

Crossing Centre Line:

• If during the play, any part of the body of any player contacts or enters the opponent’s court, it is considered a fault.
• Passing of the ball under the net, and attracting the attention of the opponent by touching the ground with any part of the body after crossing from under the net shall be considered a fault.
• To enter the opponent’s court before the referee whistles shall be deemed as a fault.

Ball out of Play:

• If the ball touches the net outside antennae or the antennae, it is considered a fault.
• If the ball touches the ground or any object outside the court, it is considered to be ‘out’. A ball touching hands shall be deemed correct.
• The play stops with the referee’s whistle, and the ball shall be considered out of play.

Score:

• When a team is leading by two sets, it is declared to be the winner. A set has 15 points. If the score is tied at 14-14, the play is continued upto 16-14, 17-15 and 19-17.
• If a team refuses to come into the court on being asked by the referee, it loses the game. A wait of 15 minutes for the team to play is possible. It is left in case of injury to a player during the game.
• If a team fails to return the ball correctly in the court of the opponent, the points is awarded to the opposing team.

Fouls in Volleyball:

• If during the game a player touches the net, it is considered to be foul.
• To touch the centre line is a foul.
• Crossing the line before service is a foul.
• When the ball hits the face, back and waist, it is a foul.
• If there is a sound while taking the ball.
• Holding is a foul.
• If the ball is touched more than three times, it is a foul.
• If a player touches the ball with hands continuously for two times, it is a foul.
• If during the service he is pursued in a wrong situation.
• If the rotation is faulty.
• If the ball is given side-pass.
• If the ball crosses the net from below.
• When the service is not done from the service area.
• If the service is not correct, even then it is a foul.
• If the served ball is crossed by a player of the serving side.
• While doing service it is a foul to form group.
• Doing the service before the whistle is a foul. If any of these fouls is done, the referee asks for the change in service. He can give warning to any player or can expel him.

Decisions:

• The decisions of the officials are final. .
• Only the captain of a playing team can protest against the decisions about the interpretation of rules.
• If the referee’s’decision is not correct, the game is played under protest, and the protest is sent to the higher officials.

Important Information about the Volleyball Game

• The length and breadth of = 18 x 9m
Volleyball ground
• The breadth f the post of the = 7 c.m.
canvas strap
• The number of Antenica = Two
• Length of Antenia = 1.80m
• Distance of poles from line = 1 meter
• Length and breadth of the net = 9.50 x 1 meters
• The height of the net for men = 2.43 meters
• The height of the net for women = 2.24 meters
• Circumference of the ball = 65 to 67 c.m.
• Colour of the ball = Multiple colour
• Weight of the ball = 260 to 280 gm
• Number of player in a team = 12 (size players 6 substitute)
• Officials of the match = Two referee, One scorer, Two or four lineman
• The size number of the back = Height 20 c.m.,15 c.m. Length, 2 c.mBreadth.
of players
• Twelve (12) players take part in the game of volleyball, out of which 6 play and 6 are substitutes.
• Both the teams participating in a match has 6 players each.
• Standing in their court these players make the ball pass over the net.
• A point is awarded against the team in whose court the ball falls.
• There is no time limit for the game of volleyball; instead the best of three or the best of five games is played.
• No rope is now used under the net.
• The toss winning team is free to choose service or end.
• Only two players can be substituted in the game of volleyball.
• A player of the opposing team can block the service if it is going beside the net. Service will be considered
correct when the ball during service touched to the net and reached in opponent’s playing area.
• A team can be scratched if it does not enter the ground in fifteen minutes.
• Each game of volleyball is of 25 points.
• Libro player is allowed substitution whenever he desire but for defence purpose only.
• A player can throw the ball in opponents playing area by hitting the ball with foot and knee.