Punjab State Board PSEB 5th Class EVS Book Solutions Chapter 23 From Field to Plate Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
PSEB Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 23 From Field to Plate
EVS Guide for Class 5 PSEB From Field to Plate Textbook Questions and Answers
Textbook Page No. 164
Collect seeds of different crops. Identify them. Classify the seeds according to their sowing season and paste them separately in your notebook and also write their names.
Do it yourself.
Textbook Page No. 165
How were the fields ploughed in earlier times?
Fields were ploughed by using ox in earlier times.
How are the fields prepared for sowing now-a-days?
Now-a-days fields are ploughed with tractors, suhaga is used to break the soil lumps and leveller is used to level the soil. Field is divided into Kiaras and manure is mixed with soil.
Textbook Page No. 166
Name the other crops which are sown by transplantation?
Write down the names of five crops which are sown directly with seeds.
Wheat, carrot, peas, radish, sunflower.
Write down the name of crop which requires excess water to grow.
Textbook Page No. 167
Why are crops irrigated?
Plants need water for their proper growth.
There are other means of irrigation also. Find them out with the help of your teacher and write.
Sprinkling, showering, canals, rain water.
Textbook Page No. 168
Pictures of some agricultural tools are given below with their names. Each tool is used for some agriculture work. Write about it.
- Tractor. Used to prepare fields for sowing. Many other agricultural activities need the use of tractor.
- Plough. Used to plough field.
- Suhaga (Roller). Used to break soil lumps.
- Leveller. Used to level the soil of field.
- Seed drill. Seeds are sown by drilling.
Textbook Page No. 169
Fill in the blanks.
(harmful, fertilizers, weeds, insecticides, weedicides)
(i) To save the crops from insects, ………………………… are sprayed.
(ii) To save the crops from weeds, ………………………… are sprayed.
(iii) To replenish the minerals in the soil ………………………… are added.
(iv) Along with the crops certain ………………………… also grown.
(v) Insecticides are ………………………… for human health.
Textbook Page No. 171
Cut pictures from newspapers related to farming and paste in scrap-book.
Do it yourself.
Write down the process of harvesting and threshing.
When crop is ripened, it is ready for harvesting. We cut it with sickle. This cut crop is gathered and stacks are prepared. Thresher is used to get grains and straw.
How were grains separated from husk in earlier times?
After cutting the crop, stacks were prepared which were spread on hard ground. Bullocks were used to get grains. Grains and husks were separated by throwing from height. Grains and husk got separated by blowing air.
How has combine harvesters made the work easier?
Combines cut the crops and at the same time it separates grains also.
Textbook Page No. 173
Which dishes are made from wheat flour in your house?
Halwa, sewiyan, dalia (poridge), panjiri, poori, rosted wheat and jaggry.
Apart from wheat flour which other flours are used to make chapatti and in which season?
Maize flour (winter), Millets flour (winter), Darau flour (when fasting in Navratras).
Textbook Page No. 174
List a few special dishes which are cooked on special occasions in your house?
On the day of Sangrad, Halwa, yellow coloured sweet. Rice on Rasant, Sarson Saag on Lohri and also Kheer from cane juice, Puri-halwa on my birthday and on Ashatami (Kanjak).
Which festival is related with crop harvesting in Punjab? Write a short note.
- Crop is ready for harvesting.
- In villages, farmers and their family members are very happy. They wear new clothes.
- All the village people celebrate this festive occasion. There is bhangra, wrestling and other activities of enjoyment.
- People eat jalebi and other sweet dishes.
Which dishes are made from rice?
Kheer, idli, dosa etc.
PSEB 5th Class EVS Guide From Field to Plate Important Questions and Answers
1. Tick the correct option :
(i) Rabi crops are :
(a) wheat ( )
(b) mustard ( )
(c) chickpeas ( )
(d) All. ( )
(ii) Kharif crops are :
(a) Paddy ( )
(b) Maize ( )
(c) Both ( )
(d) None. ( )
(iii) Apart from wheat flour which other flour is used to make chapatti in winter? (From Board M.QuestionP.)
(a) Jawar ( )
(b) Maize ( )
(c) rice ( )
(d) None. ( )
(iv) Which festival is related to the harvesting of crops?
(b) Raksha Bandhan
(v) help in increasing the Yi id of crops
2. Answer in one/two lines :
Name some Rabi crops.
Wheat, Mustard, Chickpeas etc. are Rabi crops.
When are Rabi crops sown?
In the month of October and harvested in the month of April.
When are Kharif crops sown?
These are sown in June-July and harvested in September-October.
3. Fill in the blanks :
(i) ……………………. crops are harvested in the month of April.
(ii) Paddy is a ……………………. crop.
(iii) ……………………. is used to break the soil lumps.
(iv) Agricultural scientists have suggested farmers to switch to ……………………. farming.
4. True/False :
(i) Insecticides are harmful to humAnswer:
(ii) Grass, Bathu, Chulai etc. are weeds.
(iii) When water below the earth is finished, it becomes barren.
(iv) Levellar is used to level soil.
5. Match the following column :
(A) – (B)
(i) Paddy – (a) Weed
(ii) Roller – (b) Rabi
(iii) Grass – (c) Kharif
(iv) Wheat – (d) Soil lumps broken.
6. Mind Map :
7. Answer in five/six lines :
Write a poem on Vaisakhi by Dhani Ram Chatrik?
Turi Tand Saambh Haarhi Vech Wat ke
Lambran Te Shahan Da Hisab Kat ‘ Ke
Pug, Jhaga, Chadra Nawan Sawai Ke Samma Wali Daang Utte Tel Lai Ke Kachchhe Mar Vanjhalli Anand Chha Gaya
Marda Damame Jatt Mele Aa Gaya.