Punjab State Board PSEB 5th Class EVS Book Solutions Chapter 13 Deficiency Diseases Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
PSEB Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 13 Deficiency Diseases
EVS Guide for Class 5 PSEB Deficiency Diseases Textbook Questions and Answers
Textbook Page No. 85
Name the disease that is caused by the deficiency of blood in the body.
Write the name of deficiency disease found in the children, if they are weaned from mother’s milk in infancy.
Protein-energy malnutrition ; Marasmus and Kwashiorkor.
Textbook Page No. 84
Collect the information related to any famine from your grandfather and share this with your teacher and friends.
Do it yourself.
Ask the children to make a list of food items they eat for a week.
Do it yourself.
Tick (✓) the right and cross (✗) the wrong sentences :
(i) Night blindness is caused due to the deficiency of Vitamin A. ( )
(ii) Deficiency of Iron causes anaemia. ( )
(iii) The citrus fruits contain vitamin D. ( )
(iv) Swelling legs occurs due to Goitre. ( )
(v) Mother’s milk is a complete diet for a child. ( )
Fill in the blanks :
(sea food, iodine, vitamin C, milk)
(i) Bleeding of gums occurs due to deficiency of …………………..
(ii) Deficiency of iodine can be prevented by taking …………………. .
(iii) Deficiency of ………………….. causes goitre.
(iv) ………………….. is a balanced diet.
(i) vitamin C,
(ii) sea food,
What are deficiency diseases?
Diseases caused due to deficiency of some necessary nutrients in the body is known as deficiency disease. Example, anemia is caused due to the deficiency of iron in the body.
Textbook Page No. 86
Name all the nutrients present in a balanced diet.
Balanced diet contains all the nutrients like fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, etc.
White patches over nails are a symptom of which disease?
Complete the following columns based on the information about deficiency diseases read in this lesson.
|Name of Disease||Due to deficiency of which nutrient||Symptoms|
|Goiter||Iodine||lower part of throat swollen|
|Anemia||iron||white patches over nails|
|Rickets||Vitamin D, Calcium||Weak teeth and bones|
|Scurvy||Vitamin C||Swollen gums and bleeding gums.|
|Night blindness||Vitamin A||Weak eyesight|
PSEB 5th Class EVS Guide Deficiency Diseases Important Questions and Answers
1. Tick the correct option :
(i) White patches over the nails is a symptom, of:
(a) anaemia ( )
(b) Goitre ( )
(c) Scurvy ( )
(d) Marasmus. ( )
(ii) Deficiency of vitamin A causes problem in :
(a) teeth ( )
(b) eyesight ( )
(c) bones ( )
(d) None. ( )
(iii) A child had weak and bow legs.
He has a disease :
(a) Goiter ( )
(b) Anaemia ( )
(c) Rickets ( )
(d) Scurvy. ( )
(iv) Which statement is wrong :
(a) Vitamins protect us from diseases ( )
(b) Milk is complete food ( )
(c) Vitamins are found in rice and wheat ( )
(d) Sugar and starch are main carbohydrates. ( )
(c) Vitamins are found in rice and wheat
(v) Which vitamin is related with sunlight?
(a) A ( )
(b) B ( )
(c) C ( )
(d) D. ( )
2. Answer in one/two lines :
What is symptom of deficiency of Iron?
White patches over nails.
For anaemic person what is adviced by doctor.
Iron and folic acid tablets two times a week after the meals.
If children have problems in teeth and bone, what may be the deficiency?
It may be due to deficiency of vitamin D, Calcium and phosphorus.
3. Fill in the blanks :
(i) Oral doses of ………………….. during 9 months to 5 years of age are given to save eyesight.
(ii) ………………….. is a protein-energy malnutrition disease.
(iii) If one sits in sunlight, one gets protection from deficiency of …………………..
(iv) Deficiency of vitamin C causes …………………..
(v) ………………….. is caused due to deficiency of Iodine.
(i) vitamin A,
(ii) Marasmus and Kwashiorkor,
(iii) vitamin D,
4. True/False :
(i) If one is anaemic, it means deficiency of Iodine.
(ii) Citrus fruits are rich in vitamin C.
(iii) Deficiency of iron causes anaemia.
(iv) Vitamin A is related with eyesight.
5. Match the following column :
(A) – (B)
(i) vitamin A – (a) Goitre
(ii) Iron – (b) Marasmus
(iii) Protein energy – (c) eye sight
(iv) Iodine – (d) anaemia
(v) Vitamin D – (d) bones.
6. Mind Map :
7. Answer in five/six lines :
Draw a table showing names of five deficiency diseases and their cause.
|Night blindness||deficiency of vitamin A|
|lower part of throat swollen||deficiency of Iodine|