This PSEB 12th Class History Notes Chapter 14 Social and Economic Conditions of the Punjab under the Mughals will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 12th Class History Notes Chapter 14 Social and Economic Conditions of the Punjab under the Mughals
- The society in Punjab was primarily divided into two sections, the Muslims and the Hindus.
- The Muslim society was divided into three classes – upper, middle, and lower.
- The upper class comprised of mansabdars and the elite class.
- The middle class was comprised of peasants and government officials.
- The lower class comprised of servants and labourers etc.
- The Hindu society was divided into several castes and sub-castes not so good.
- The diet of the people of the upper class was quite rich whereas the people of the lower class merely could afford frugal meals.
- The Hindus were mostly vegetarian.
- The people of the upper class wore costly clothes.
- Both men and women were fond of wearing jewellery.
- The people of the upper class entertained themselves by hunting, taking part in chariot races, playing polo, holding pigeon flights, watching elephant and cockfights, and chess.
- Education was not a responsibility of the State.
- It was imparted by temples and mosques.
- The main occupation of the people of Punjab was agriculture.
- 80% of the population of Punjab was engaged in this occupation.
- There were bumper crops in Punjab.
- Next to agriculture, the industry was the main occupation of the people of Punjab.
- The cotton industry was the most important industry of Punjab.
- The other important industries were the silk industry, woolen industry, leather industry, etc.
- Several people did the job of animal rearing.
- the domestic and foreign trade was quite prosperous.
- Foreign trade took place with the Arab countries and Asian countries Afghanistan, Iran, Tibet, Bhutan, and China Lahore and Multan were important commercial centres.
- Prices being low, the poor people could easily make both ends meet.