PSEB 9th Class Science Solutions Chapter 14 Natural Resources

Punjab State Board PSEB 9th Class Science Book Solutions Chapter 14 Natural Resources Textbook ExerciseQuestions and Answers.

PSEB Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14 Natural Resources

PSEB 9th Class Science Guide Natural Resources Textbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Why is atmosphere essential for life?
Importance of atmosphere:

  1. Role of atmosphere in climate control. Atmosphere acts as a blanket and keeps the average temperature of earth steady during day and even during course of year.
  2. Movement of air causes winds.
  3. Rain and rainfall pattern are decided by wind pattern.
  4. Air provides oxygen for breathing.
  5. Atmosphere absorbs the harmful ultrovoilet rays thus protects the living organisms.

PSEB 9th Class Science Solutions Chapter 14 Natural Resources

Question 2.
Why is water essential for life?
Water is a wonder liquid and is essential for life due to the following reasons:

  1. Life is not possible without water.
  2. Water makes up 60-70 per cent of body weight.
  3. All the reactions that take place in our body and within the cells occur between substances that are dissolved in water.
  4. Water is required for transport of materials in living organisms.
  5. The density of water is similar to that of protoplasm.
  6. Water is a universal solvent.

Question 3.
How are living organisms dependent on the soil? Are organisms that live in water totally independent of soil as a resource?
Functions of Soil:

Soil plays an important role in plant growth by providing water, nutrients and anchorage i.e. fixation of plant in it.

  1. Soil also supports the growth of crops, grassland and forests which provide us food, fibre, wood and building material.
  2. Soil is an important resource and decides the diversity of life in an area. Plants living in water are also dependent on soil.

PSEB 9th Class Science Solutions Chapter 14 Natural Resources

Question 4.
You have seen weather reports on television and in newspapers. How do you think that we are able to predict the weather?
Weather can be predicted on the basis of the study of the following:

  • Movement of air resulting in diverse phenomena caused by uneven heating of the atmosphere in different regions of the earth.
  • Rainfall pattern is decided by the prevailing wind pattern.

Question 5.
We know that many human activities lead to increasing levels of pollution of the air, water bodies and soil. Do you think that isolating these activities to specific and limited areas would help in reducing pollution?
Pollution of air, water and soil is caused by human activities such as:

  1. Combustion of fossil fuels for energy used for industries, automobiles.
  2. Further use of insecticides and fertilizers cause pollution of soil and water.
  3. Release of chemicals from industries also cause pollution.
  4. If separate industrial zones are created, it will help in reducing pollution.
  5. Controlled release of pollutants from automobiles.

Question 6.
Write a note on how forests influence the quality of air, soil and water resources.

  1. Roots of plants have important role in preventing soil erosion.
  2. Forests have moderating effects on climates.
  3. Forests prevent floods.
  4. Forests release O2 evolved during photosynthesis into atmosphere, thus renewing the oxygen.

Science Guide for Class 9 PSEB Natural Resources InText Questions and Answers

Question 1.
How is our atmosphere different from atmosphere on Venus and Mars?
In planets such as Venus and Mars the major component of atmosphere is 95-97% of C02 and it does not support life. Atmosphere on planet Earth is a mixture of nitrogen (78.08%), oxygen (20.95%), C02 (0.03%) and water vapours that help life to exist here.

PSEB 9th Class Science Solutions Chapter 14 Natural Resources

Question 2.
How does atmosphere acts as a blanket?
Atmosphere acts as a blanket because of following reasons:

  1. Air is a bad conductor of heat.
  2. The atmosphere keeps the average temperature of earth fairly steady during the day and even during the course of whole year.
  3. The atmosphere prevents the sudden increase or decrease in temperature.

Question 3.
What causes winds?
All movements of air are caused by the uneven heating of the atmosphere in different regions of earth. Air above the land gets heated faster and being light starts rising. As the air rises, a region of low pressure is created. Due to this, air over the sea moves into this area of pressure.
PSEB 9th Class Science Solutions Chapter 14 Natural Resources 1
Factors which control the movement of wind:

  1. The rotation of earth and presence of mountain ranges are other factors which cause winds.
  2. Uneven heating of land in different parts of earth.
  3. Differences in heating and cooling of land and water.

PSEB 9th Class Science Solutions Chapter 14 Natural Resources

Question 4.
How are clouds formed?
Clouds are formed by the condensation of water droplets in air. It occurs as large amount of water evaporates and goes into air. Air rises up, it expands and cools. The cooling causes the water vapours in the air to condense in the form of tiny droplets. These water droplets get bigger by more and more condensation of other droplets and form clouds.

Question 5.
List any three human activities that you think would lead to air pollution.

  1. Combustion of fossil fuels. Excessive use and burning of fossil fuels like coal and petroleum by man in industries and automobiles produce different oxides of nitrogen and sulphur.
  2. These are not only dangerous to our respiratory system but also leads to acid rain.
  3. Deforestation i.e. cutting of trees leads to deterioration of atmosphere. The pollutants also come from industries.
  4. Forest fires, excessive mining and ore refining, excessive use of chloro-fluoro carbons and excessive industrialisation leads to air pollution.

Question 6.
Why do organisms need water?
Importance of water:

  1. All cellular processes take place in water medium.
  2. All reactions that take place within our body and within the cells occur between substances that are dissolved in water.
  3. Substances are also transported from one part of the body to the other in a dissolved form.
  4. Organisms need to maintain the level of water within their bodies in order to survive.
  5. Water is a universal solvent and helps the organism in many ways.
  6. Water is required by organisms for many of their activities such as agriculture, production of hydropower, drinking, cooking etc.
  7. Terrestrial life forms require freshwater because their bodies cannot tolerate high amount of dissolved salts in saline water.
  8. The availability of water is the major resource which determines the diversity of life on land.
  9. Thus, water is essential for maintenance and very existence of life.

PSEB 9th Class Science Solutions Chapter 14 Natural Resources

Question 7.
What is the major source of fresh water in the city/town/village where you live?
Freshwater is found in ice-caps and on snow-covered mountains. The underground water and the water in rivers, lakes and ponds is also fresh. This water is available for human use.

Question 8.
Do you know any activity which may be polluting the water sources?

  1. Sewage from towns and cities and waste from factories released into water bodies.
  2. Discharging hot water from cooling towers into water bodies affects the living organisms.

Question 9.
How is soil formed?
The weathering of rocks at or near the surface of earth over long period of time results in soil formation. They are broken down by various physical, chemical and biological processes. The end products of this breaking down are the fine particles of soil.

Soil: There are many other factors which play a vital role in the formation of soil. These factors are:

  1. The Sun: It causes heating of rocks which Causes cracking and ultimately breaking up into smaller pieces.
  2. Water: It breaks rocks both by freezing and fast flow.
  3. Wind: It causes erosion of rocks.
  4. Living Organisms: Lichens and mosses growing dn rock surface form cracks in them and result in their breakdown.

PSEB 9th Class Science Solutions Chapter 14 Natural Resources

Question 10.
What is soil erosion?
Removal of useful components from the topsoil which affects the fertility of soil is called soil erosion.

Question 11.
What are the methods of preventing or reducing soil erosion?
Prevention of Soil Erosion:

  1. It can be prevented by intensive cropping.
  2. It can be prevented by providing proper drainage canals around the fields.
  3. Soil erosion in hilly areas can be prevented by practising terrace farming.
  4. It can be prevented by planting trees and sowing grasses.
  5. It can be prevented by constructing strong embankments along the river banks.

Question 12.
What are the different states in which water is found during water cycle?
Groundwater, surface water, water vapours, water droplets, clouds. Water is found in gaseous state, liquid state and solid state during water cycle.

PSEB 9th Class Science Solutions Chapter 14 Natural Resources

Question 13.
Name two biological important compounds that contain both oxygen and nitrogen.
Proteins and Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA).

Question 14.
List any three human activities which would lead to an increase in CO, in air.

  1. Combustion of fossil fuel to provide energy for various needs like heating, cooking transportation etc.
  2. Respiration.
  3. Deforestation.

Question 15.
What is greenhouse effect?
Greenhouse effect. The increase in global temperature due to rise in CO-, is called greenhouse effect. It causes global warming.

PSEB 9th Class Science Solutions Chapter 14 Natural Resources

Question 16.
What are the two forms of oxygen found in the atmosphere?

  1. Oxygen (02), about 21%.
  2. Ozone: In the upper region such as stratosphere oxygen is found in the form of ozone.

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