This PSEB 6th Class Social Science Notes Chapter 21 Urban Development – Local Self Government will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 6th Class Social Science Notes Chapter 21 Urban Development – Local Self Government
→ Institutions of local self-government in urban areas: Nagar Panchayat, Municipal Council or Municipal Committee, and Municipal Corporation are the three institutions of local self-government in urban areas.
→ Nagar Panchayat: A Nagar Panchayat is formed in a town with a population of not more than 20,000.
→ Municipal Councilor Municipal Committee: A city with a population from 20,000 to one lac, has a Municipal Councilor Municipal Committee.
→ Municipal Corporation: A Municipal Corporation is a local body for a big city.
→ It is the highest institution of urban local self-government. It is established in a city with a population of lakhs.
→ Councilors: Members of a Municipal Council (Committee) and a Municipal Corporation are called councilors.
→ Mayor: Mayor is the head of a Municipal Corporation. He is elected by the members of the Municipal Corporation.
→ District Administration: The administration at the district level is called District Administration. It is headed by Deputy Commissioner.
→ Judicial Administration: There are two types of courts in a district. Civil courts deal with matters related to property and money, while criminal courts deal with cases like theft, murder, and criminal assault.