This PSEB 6th Class Social Science Notes Chapter 14 India: From 200 B.C. – 300 A.D. will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 6th Class Social Science Notes Chapter 14 India: From 200 B.C. – 300 A.D.
→ Dakshinapatha: The area south of the Vindhya mountain and the river Narmada was known in ancient times as Dakshinapatha. Now it is called the Deccan.
→ Satavahanas: The Satavahanas were also known as the Andhras. They arose in the Deccan after the fall of the Mauryas.
→ Chaityas: Chaityas were prayer or meeting halls where the Buddhists worshipped.
→ Stupas: Stupas were large semi-circle mounds in which were placed the relics of either the Buddha or the Buddhist monks.
→ Viharas: Viharas means monasteries where the Buddhist monks lived. They consisted of a hall with a doorway opening onto a verandah.
→ Megalith: Megalith means a huge stone.
→ Cholas, Pandyas, and Cheras: The Cholas, Pandyas, and Cheras were three kingdoms that arose south of the Deccan Plateau and south of the Satavahana kingdom.
→ Christianity: Christianity arose in Western Asia and was preached by Jesus Christ.
→ It was based on the earlier Jewish religion which taught the worship of a single God.
→ It was brought to India in the 1st century A.D.
→ Scythians, Parthians, and Kushanas: The Scythians, Parthians, and Kushanas were the invaders who came to India from Central Asia and settled down here. Among these, the Kushanas were the most important.
→ The Jataka: The Jataka is a collection of stories about the Bodhisattvas.
→ The Bodhisattvas were holy persons who had lived on earth before the Buddha.