This PSEB 12th Class Sociology Notes Chapter 9 Social Movements will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 12th Class Sociology Notes Chapter 9 Social Movements
- Such movements aimed at bringing reforms in traditional customs.
- Movements that aimed at bringing quick and sudden change in society are revolutionary movements.
- Ideology is the collection of ideas of a group.
- That organized group whose rules are made at a formal level and members are given definite roles.
- A caste is an endogamous group that keeps certain restrictions on its members regarding feeding, occupation, etc.
- That movement aimed at re-establishing old values.
→ If we look carefully at all the societies, we will find many prevailing social problems.
→ To take them out and to remove them, social movements play a very important role.
→ Sometimes many unnecessary situations occur in society with which conditions over there deteriorate.
→ To remove such unnecessary situations, a few collective efforts are required which are known as social movements.
→ There are many, features of social movements such as they have group consciousness, collective efforts are required, a permanent ideology is there, it fovours to bring change, they bring a new social system, it can be violent or non-violent, etc.
→ Social movements are of many types such as reform movements, revolutionary movements, and revivalist movements.
→ The reform movement wants to bring some change without changing the whole of society.
→ The revolutionary movement aims at changing the whole of society.
→ The revivalist movement aims at reestablishing old values.
→ From time to time, many movements started in our country. Caste-based movements were one of them.
→ Caste-based movements are the story of bringing out the struggle of lower castes or lower classes.
→ Jyotiba Phule, Sri Narayana Guru, Periyar Ramaswami, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar started movements, in different parts of the country, to uplift lower castes.
→ In class-based movements, worker’s movements and peasant movements can be included
→ Both workers and peasants wanted to get rid of exploitation and that’s why such movements were started.
→ From time to time, trade union movements were also started whose main aim was to demand better working conditions and better salaries for the workers working in industries.
→ Women were also suppressed from the ages. To uplift their social status, many reform movements were initiated.
→ In the 19th century, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, D.K. Karve etc. started many women movements which resulted in uplifting their social status.
→ Many environmental movements were also started, in the country, whose main.
→ the aim was to save the environment. Chipko Movement, Appiko Movement, Narmada Bachao Andolan were such movements.