This PSEB 12th Class Sociology Notes Chapter 12 Social Issues: Old Age and Disability will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 12th Class Sociology Notes Chapter 12 Social Issues: Old Age and Disability
Old Age Homes:
- Homes are made for elders so that they can live happily over there.
- It means the consequences of impairment in terms of functional performance and activity.
- That stage of life starts after 60 years, which no one likes, and in which one faces many physical and other problems.
- Field of science which studies the process of aging.
→ Old age is a necessary and natural part of human life and all humans have to pass through this phase.
→ No one wants to go through this phase because an individual faces many physical problems in this.
→ One needs to depend upon others in this phase.
→ According to United Nations, people above the age of 60 years come under the category of old age.
→ Almost in all the western countries, age of 60-65 years is kept to take pension benefits and other facilities.
→ Symbols of old age are visible quite early such as tooth decay, grey hair, hunched back, hearing loss, slow pace of the walk, vision impairment, etc.
→ At this age, one also faces many physical problems such as heart problems, high blood pressure, arthritis, sugar, etc.
→ In old age, one faces many problems such as health-related issues, economic insecurity, home-related problems, social problems, mental problems, own role-related problems, etc. Due to stress and tensions, death comes very quickly.
→ Old age problems can be removed in many ways such as by making old age homes, by starting welfare programmes for them, by creating easy jobs for them, by taking care of them, by providing better health facilities, by making strict laws, etc.
→ In almost the entire world, around 100 crore people are there who are facing disability in one way or the other.
→ The meaning of disability is any type of physical problem such as impairment, handicap, the inability of listening, etc.
→ Disability can be of many types such as locomotor disability, visual disability, hearing disability, mental disability, speech disability.
→ There can be many reasons for a disability such as a disease, birth-based problems, malnutrition, congenital factor, stress, accident, etc.
→ Disabled persons have to face many problems such as segregation and isolation, poverty, social oppression, etc.
→ The problems of disabled persons can be cured in many ways such as by providing better health facilities, by removing discrimination, by giving them education in normal schools, by arousing consciousness among people, etc.