This PSEB 12th Class Physical Education Notes Chapter 6 Sociological and Psychological Aspects of Physical Education will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 12th Class Physical Education Notes Chapter 6 Sociological and Psychological Aspects of Physical Education
→ It is a well-known fact that man is a social animal by nature and possesses innate social tendencies to create a conducive social environment around him.
→ The term ‘Sociology’ comprises of two words ‘Socius’ meaning associate or social and ‘logos’ meaning science or study.
→ Hence, sociology means the science of society.
→ According to Ogburn, “Socialization is the process by which the individual learns to conform to the norms of the group.”
→ Physical education and sports works as building blocks for inculcating the social qualities in an individual.
→ This field provides varied experience to learn social qualities such as character and moral qualities, group feeling and responsibility, punctuality and dedication and social communication, etc.
→ There are several social institutions that affect human behaviour in many ways such as family, educational institution i.e. school or college, etc, peer group, religious institution or national culture, etc.
→ Physical education and sports programme play a vital role in inculcating a deep understanding of cultural diversity, equal opportunities, respect for nation and patriotism, sense of responsibility, etc.
→ This ultimately serves as an important means to develop national integration among the countrymen.
→ The other aspect which has been discussed in this chapter is the psychological behaviour of a sportsperson and its impact on learning skills.
→ The word ‘Psychology’ has been derived from the Greek word ‘Psyche’ and ‘logos’ which means ‘soul or mind’ and ‘to talk about’ respectively.
→ Hence, psychology deals with the study of the human soul or mind in relation to their behavioural aspects.
→ In physical education and sports, the term sports psychology deals with the study of the behaviour of sportsperson in or outside the playfield.
→ It is very important to understand the behaviour of sportsperson when it comes to performance-oriented sports.
→ In addition to this, the behaviour of adolescents also needs to be recognized and understood for their proper growth and development.