This PSEB 12th Class Physical Education Notes Chapter 3 Careers in Physical Education and Sports Awards will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 12th Class Physical Education Notes Chapter 3 Careers in Physical Education and Sports Awards
→ Throughout history, sports have played a variety of important roles in society as recreation, preparation for war, and hunting.
→ The ancient Greeks were lovers of sports and taught their children to take part in these activities for health benefits.
→ The main activities at that time were wrestling, running, jumping, discus throw, javelin, and gymnastics, etc.
→ Later, during the modern era, the brief history of physical education revealed a focus on gymnastics, hygiene training, and the development of the human body.
→ In 1882, the Education Commission of India recommended introducing physical education in the school curriculum but did not succeed in their efforts.
→ In the year 1927, with the efforts of A.G. Noehren, H.C. Buck, and Dorabji Tata, IOA was established in order to promote physical education teachers in India.
→ LNCPE was established in Gwalior in the year 1957.
→ In the year 1984, the First National sports policy was introduced which laid the stress to include physical education as a compulsory subject in the school curriculum.
→ This laid foundation for the career options in the field of physical education to teach students at the school level.
→ With the implementation of the compulsory subjects in the school curriculum and with the development of competitive sports in India, career options were groomed in the field.
→ In order to teach at the school level various degree courses such as B.PE., B.P.Ed., D.P.Ed. were introduced for the school teacher.
→ In addition to this, to teach at the college level a teacher must possess, Masters’ Degree in Physical Education, UGC (NET), M.Phil, Ph.d.
→ With the advancement of physical education and sports in India, leading institutes provided various courses for the career options such as YMCA College Madras, LNIPE Gwalior, Shri Hanumans Parasarak Mandal (Amravati), Chennai University, Panjab University (Chandigarh), GNDU, Amritsar, etc.
→ The career options in the field of physical education and Sports also developed such as options to work as a school and college teacher, coaching, fitness trainer, sports journalism, sports physiotherapist, commentator, and official, etc.
→ In order to promote sportspersons, various sports awards were also introduced by the government of India such as the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award, the highest sports award for the sports person i.e. Arjuna Award, in order to recognize the contribution of coaches, Dronacharya Award was also introduced, To encourage and improve sports at college or university level MAKA trophy was also introduced by the government of India in the year 1956.
→ Hence, It can be viewed that since the inception of physical education and sports, there has been continuous development in the field to engage youth and children in these activities.