This PSEB 11th Class Sociology Notes Chapter 6 Socialization will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 11th Class Sociology Notes Chapter 6 Socialization
→ When a child takes birth, he is unaware of his surroundings. Gradually, he becomes older and learns the ways to live in society. This process of learning ways of living in society is known as socialisation.
→ The process of socialization starts with the birth and goes on for the whole of one’s life.
→ The life of an individual comes to an end but this is a never-ending process.
→ If there will be no process of socialization, humans will start behaving like animals and there will be nothing called society.
→ The process of socialisation is a never-ending process. Gradually a child grows older, becomes independent and at this stage, this process becomes quite necessary.
→ At this stage, a need is required to control his behaviour. Here the advantage of socialisation is visible to us.
→ There are five stages of the socialization-infant stage, childhood stage, Adolescent stage, Adulthood stage, and old age.
→ The infant stage starts with birth and goes till one year. The childhood stage goes till 13-14 years, the adolescent stage till 17-18 years, the adulthood stage from 18-50 years, and old age start after this.
→ There are many agencies to complete the process of socialisation and these can be divided into two parts-formal and informal.
→ Family, playgroup, religion, etc. come under informal agencies. Law, legal system, political system, etc. are included informal agencies of socialisation.
→ Socialisation: A continuing process in which an individual acquires a personal identity and learns the values, norms, behaviour, and social skills appropriate to his/her social position.
→ Self: The distinct identity of an individual.
→ Play Group: A group of people, having the same age, background, and social status, with whom individual associates and who are likely to influence his beliefs and behaviour.
→ Formal means of Socialisation: Those means of socialisation, also known as institutional means, provide formal socialisation such as school, law, political system, etc.
→ Informal means of Socialisation: These means of socialisation are also known as social group agents which include individual and social institutions that socialise an individual in an informal manner.